APUSH court cases Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Midnight judge appointments; judicial review upheld
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
Land fraud in Georgia; defense of individual contracts
Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819)
College charter; states couldn't overturn contracts
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Bank of Maryland; national supremacy over states
Gibbons v. Ogden (1822)
Congressional power to regulate interstate commerce upheld
Worcester v. Georgia (1831)
Cherokee nation sovereign entity; Jackson ignored it
Charles River Bridge (1837)
Exclusive charter to span river; States could break contracts in public interest
Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
Slaves were not citizens & had no legal standing; Slaves were property in north; Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
Slaughterhouse Cases & Civil Rights Cases (1873,1883)
14th Ammendment did not apply to states; reconstruction civil rights laws unconstitutional
Santa Clara v. Southern Pacific Railroad (1886)
Corporations protected by 14th Ammendment; corporate personhood
U.S. v. E.C. Knight (1895)
"Sugar Trust case"; federal gov can't break up monopoly unless interstate commerce involved
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Established 'separate but equal' doctrine
Lochner v. New York (1905)
10-hour workday law overturned; right to contract stronger than state interest
Schenck v. U.S. (1919)
WWI measure; free speech restricted when "clear and present danger"
Powell v. Alabama (1932)
Scottsboro Boys rape case; violation of due process; capital case must have attorney
Schechter v. U.S. (1935)
Poultry farmers violated NIRA; NIRA ruled unconstitutional b/c invalid use of Congress' power under commerce clause
NRLB v. Jones (1937)
Wagner Act ruled constitutional
West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937)
Minimum wage declared constitutional; effectively overturns Lochner
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
Upheld relocation of American citizens of Japanese descent
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
School integration case; overturned 'separate but equal' doctrine of Plessy
Baker v. Carr (1962)
Transfer of power from rural America to cities with reapportionment; "One man, one vote"
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Right to a court-appointed lawyer to defend yourself; extension of Scottsboro boys case
Heart of Atlanta Hotel (1964)
Civil Rights Act of 1964 upheld
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Police have to inform suspects of rights
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
State of Connecticut can't ban sale of contraceptives; right to privacy defended
New York Times v. U.S. (1971)
Freedom of press allows for publication of Pentagon Papers
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Legalization of abortion
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