Bernstein Psychology Chapter 11: Motivation and Emotion Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Androgen
A sex hormone that circulates in the bloodstream in both sexes; relatively more _______s circulate in men than in women.
Anorexia Nervosa
An eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and dramatic weight loss.
Arousal
A general level of activation that is reflected in several physiological systems.
Attribution
The process of explaining the causes of an event.
Bisexual
Referring to sexual motivation that is focused on members of both sexes
Bulimia Nervosa
An eating disorder that involves eating massive amounts of food and then eliminating the food by self-induced vomiting or the use of strong laxatives.
Drive
A psychological state of arousal created by an imbalance in homeostasis that prompts an organism to take action to restore the balance and reduce the _______.
Drive Reduction Theory
A theory of motivation stating that motivation arises from imbalances in homeostasis.
Emotion
A transitory positive or negative experience that is felt as happening to the self, is generated in part by cognitive appraisal of a situation, and is accompanied by both learned and reflexive physical responses.
Estrogen
A sex hormone that circulates in the bloodstream of both men and women; relatively more _______s circulate in women.
Excitation Transfer
The process of carrying over arousal from one experience to an independent situation.
Fight-Or-Flight Syndrome
The physical reactions initiated by the sympathetic nervous system that prepare the body to fight or to run from a threatening situation.
Heterosexual
Referring to sexual motivation that is focused on members of the other sex.
Homeostasis
The tendency for organisms to keep their physiological systems at a stable, steady level by constantly adjusting themselves in response to change.
Homosexual
Referring to sexual motivation that is focused on members of one's own sex.
Hunger
The general state of wanting to eat.
Incentive Theory
A theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed toward attaining desirable stimuli and avoiding unwanted stimuli.
Instinct
An innate, automatic disposition toward responding in a particular way when confronted with a specific stimulus.
Instinct Theory
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic, involuntary, and unlearned responses.
Motivation
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior.
Motive
A reason or purpose for behavior.
Need
A biological requirement for well-being that is created by an imbalance in homeostasis.
Need Achievement
A motive influenced by the degree to which a person establishes specific goals, cares about meeting those goals, and experiences feelings of satisfaction by doing so.
Obesity
A condition in which a person is severely overweight, as measured by a body-mass index greater than 30.
Optimal Arousal Theory
A theory of motivation stating that people are motivated to behave in ways that maintain what is, for them, an optimal level of arousal.
Parasympathetic Nervous System
The subsystem of the autonomic nervous system that typically influences activity related to the protection, nourishment, and growth of the body.
Progestin
A sex hormone that circulates in the bloodstream of both men and women; relatively more ______s circulate in women.
Satiety
The condition of no longer wanting to eat.
Sex Hormones
Chemicals in the blood of males and females that have both organizational and activational effects on sexual behavior.
Sexual Dysfunction
A problem with sex that involves sexual motivation, arousal, or orgasmic response.
Sexual Response Cycle
The pattern of physiological arousal during and after sexual activity.
Subjective Well-Being
A combination of a cognitive judgment of satisfaction with life, the frequent experiencing of positive moods and emotions, and the relatively infrequent experiencing of unpleasant moods and emotions.
Sympathetic Nervous System
The subsystem of the autonomic nervous system that usually prepares the organism for vigorous activity.
/ 33
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online