Art and Propaganda Exam #2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
is a medium that allows for much greater latitude of expression, image-laden and often figurative.
writing that does not have a regular rhyming or rhythmic pattern
Fiction, Prose narrative, tells a story
not real, about imaginary places or people
about real places, people, events
book about a real person
book about one' own life
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
the simplest type of comparison, simply connecting and comparing two things with a form of the verb "to be"
the words "like" or "as,"
is an important and useful type of metaphor, and anywhere we find
a comparison that substitutes a part of something for the whole thing
an extended simile, "life is like a box of chocolates"
is an extended simile but with real-life equivalents
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
(logic) a self-contradiction
the repetition of a vowel-consonant combination at the end of words
regular pattern or beat
fourteen-line poem of iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme
Free Verse
poetry that conforms to no restrictions, and thus can be anything it wants
Iambic pentameter
-(soft-hard) "Shall I compare the to a summer's day?"
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
two line stanza
Literal vs. Figurative (Denotation vs. connotation)
Figurative language is language that means something beyond its denotation (dictionary definition), and is heavy with connotation (implication and undertone).
the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them
the official language of Oceania, narrows the range of thoughts
when a place is perfect and ideal
is when the condition of the place is extremely bad
Big Brother
He is the Dictator and face of the party, He is omnipresent and there a posters of him everywhere.
Thought crime
is when a person thinks things that are not allowed by the party
Thought Police
are the secret police who find those guilty of thoughtcrime, they find them through surveillance on the telescreen, they also get rid of those who are capable of challenging the inner party
Beat Generation
•1950s, San Francisco
Art should be accessible to all, not just the cultured few, especially to youth
Use of modern American idioms
Jazz influence
•Atypical verse structure
•Paints the poem on the page
•Elements of surprise
• Spiritual movement
Example: Lawrence Ferlinghetti "Sometime During Eternity"
Inner Party
Small minority of the Party, top level officials who determine how the government should run, they wear black overalls as their uniforms, get special priveleges
outer party
The work force, they wear blue overalls as their uniform, carry out administratice policies
They are the "free like the animals" they are the lowest class but have a lot more freedom compared to the outer party. They do not have telescreens, can wear makeup, and have sex when they please
the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
Examples: Germany
Jean Sibelius
Full of Finnish mythology, Example of Nationalism
Ralph Vaughan Williams
British Nationalist; Impressionist influence, Collected folk tune of British, *Know "English Folk Song suite"
Charles Ives
American, Called the Great Anticipation *Know "They are there"
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
the belief that governments should control the principle assets of a nation and provide for all the needs of its people
Abolishes Capitalism, No ruler, Economic and Political System, Goods and services distributed according to need, Property owned collectively to achieve "classlessness"
the political, economic, and social principles espoused by 19th century economist Karl Marx; he viewed the struggle of workers as a progression of historical forces that would proceed from a class struggle of the proletariat (workers) exploited by capitalists (business owners), to a socialist "dictatorship of the proletariat," to, finally, a classless society - Communism.
the version of Marxism that includes the belief that the capitalist system can only be overthrown through force by means of a tightly disciplined party controlled by a revolutionary vanguard
the theory of communism created by Joseph Stalin, marked by rigid authoritarianism, use of terror, and emphasis on nationalism
Western Front
Stalemate between Germany and France- miles and miles of trenches and barbwire, fought for 4 years
GeorgeOrwell, 1984
Dystopian Society
Edna Millay, "To Jesus on His Birthday"
Stevie Smith "The Frog Prince"
Religious Poem; possibly dealing with hereafter
Wilfred Owen "Dulce et dercorum est"
"Tis noble and sweet to die for one's country"
Ferlinghetti "Sometime during eternity"
Beat Poem
Remarque "All Quiet on the Western Front"
Trench Warfare
Dmitri Shostakovich
Russian; oppression messages
Neue Sachlichkeit
A term employed in describing some of the German street films of the 1920s, which were considered to embody a new spirit of realism and objectivity.
World War I
1914-1918, Started with the assasination of the archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand, killed by a Serbia National
Causes of WWI
Imperialism- Countries wanted more land, Industrialization- make more deadly weapon and produce them faster
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Was to advanced for their time
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Trench Warfare
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate, used in WWI.
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
the union of soviet socialist republics, or soviet union, formed in 1922 by the communists(Lenin)
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
harsh Soviet labor camps often located in Siberia
Uses of Propaganda
Get United State to Join the war
Create feelings and ideas strong enough to outmatch fear
BOLSHEVISM-Revolution controlled by elite group, bloody and violent
Mensheveks overthrew the Tsar in 1917, Spontaneous uprising revolution is inevitable
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