Chapter 12 Emotions, stress and health Flashcards

Terms Definitions
very brief, sudden emotional expressions
autonomic nervous system
the section of the nervous system that controls the organs
sympathetic nervous system
system that arouses the body for vigorous action
parasympathetic nervous system
system that consists of neurons whose axons extend from the medulla and the lower part of the spinal cord to neuron clusters near the organs. This system decreases the heart rate and promotes digestion and other non-emergency functions
James Lange Theory
your interpretation of a stimulus evokes autonomic changes and sometimes muscle actions. your perception of those changes is the feeling aspect of your emotion
pure autonomic failure
an uncommon condition with unknown cause, the autonomic nervous system stops regulating the organs
Schachter and Singer's theory of emotions
the intensity of the physiological state - that is, the degree of sympathetic nervous system arousal - determines the intensity of the emotion, but a cognitive appraisal of the situation identifies the type of emotion
Duchenne smile
the full expression including the muscles around the eyes
broaden and build hypothesis (of positive emotions)
a happy mood increases your readiness to explore new ideas and opportunities
emotional intelligence
the ability to perceive, imagine and understand emotions and to use that information in making decisions
an increase in the startle reflex
records indication of sympathetic nervous system arousal, such as blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and electrical conduction of the skin
guilty knowledge test
a modified version of the polygraph test, produces more accurate results by asking questions that should be threatening only to someone who knows the facts of a crime that have no bee publicized
frustration - aggression hypothesis
the main cause of anger (and therefore agression) is frustration - an obstacle that stands in the way of doing something or obtaining some expected reinforcer
sexual activity without the consent of the partner
positive psychology
the study of the features that enrich life, such as happiness, hope, creativity, courage, spirituality, and responsibility
subjective well-being
a self-evaluation of one's life as pleasant, increasing, and satisfying
a reaction to something that would make you feel contamiated if it got into your moth
a reaction to a violation of community standards
health psychology
addresses how people's behavior influences health
the non-specific response of the body to any demand made upon it
hormone which enhances metabolism and increases the supply of sugar and other fuels to the cells
problem-focused coping
people do something to control the situation
reinterpreting a situation to make it seem less threatening
emotion-focused coping
people try to control their emotional reaction
to expose yourself to small amounts of stressful events
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