Integrated Korean - Intermediate 2 Grammar Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Wonder if, think about
~(으)ㄹ까 생각하다
Expressing background circumstance (not whole event but portion)
~던데요
As/ because (I) intend/expect
~(으)ㄹ 테니까
Plural particle
Having done, by doing, by being, as, and
~어/아 가지고
Know/knew; don't know/ didn't knew
~는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ 줄 알다/모르다
Contracted from ~(으)ㄹ 터인데, refers to action that is presumed to happen. (Indicates worry, doubt, wonder or concern because of some incompatibility or discrepancy between current and presumed situation)
~(으)ㄹ 텐데
Make someone/something
~게 하다
Emphasis/suggestion
~지요
It seems that; I guess
V.S. ~나 보다
A.S.~(으)ㄴ가 보다
Someone/something appears/looks
~아/어 보이다
Attached to emotive adjective and changes to verb; indicates that third person clearly has feeling denoted by adjective
~어/아하다
~하다 vs ~되다
~하다 = Someone has power/control

~되다 = You have power/control
Or
~거나/N(이)나
Indicates shift after earlier action is complete
~었/았다(가)
Describing a past situation experienced by speaker with emphasis. "I am telling you/let me tell you"
더라고/구요
Expresses:
- logical sequence with one situation logically following another
- temporal sequence when one situation follows another in time
*always in non-past form
~(으)니까
~ to death
~어/아(서) 죽겠다
To pretend to do something/ be in a certain state
~는/(으)ㄴ 척하다
As soon as
~자마자
While; at the same time

*also used for complaints, criticism or disapproval when two simultaneously existing situations are incompatible or conflicting
~(으)면서
Speaker acknowledges something mentioned.
"I heard (it)"
"As for hearing I did hear, but"
~기는 ~다; ~기는 하다
~기는 ~는데
If it were/is; if you mean to say N.
N(이)라면
Any
아무 N(이)나

아무 거나
아무 데나
아무나
아무 때나
Any (question word)
QW(이)든지

무엇이든지/뭐든지
언제든지
누구든지
어디든지
In order to, for the sake of
~기 위해(서)/위하여
To do completely; to get done; to do it all
~어/아 버리다
Exclamation; expresses the speaker's new perception, often inferred based on some evidence, not as a definitive fact
~군요/구나
Regret for a past action
~(으)ㄹ걸 (그랬어요)
I heard the news/rumors/announcement
~다/라는 소식/말(씀)/얘기/소문/광고/발표/생각
Because, as a result of
~는 바람에
Somebody is about/try to do something but runs into another situation
~(으)려다가/(으)ㄹ라 그러다가
It is not A but B
A이/가 아니라 B
The fact is
~는/(으)ㄴ 거예요/거야
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