Major Arteries/Veins Flashcards

Common carotid artery
Terms Definitions
aorta
largest artery of the body which emerges from the left ventricle at the aortic valve
ascending aorta
posterior to the pulmonary trunk, gives off two coronary artery branches
arch of aorta
gives off brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery
right and left coronary arteries
- branches from ascending aorta- serves the heart
brachiocephalic trunk (artery)
- branches from arch of the aorta- serves right side of the head and neck; right upper limb
left and right internal carotid arteries
- branches from corresponding common carotid artery- serves the eyeball and other orbital structures, ear, most of the cerebrum, pituitary gland, and external nose
right and left external carotid arteries
- branches from corresponding carotid arteries- serves structures external to the skull; throat, neck glands, tongue, face, mouth, ear, scalp and dura mater of the meninges.
right common carotid artery
- branches from brachiocephalic trunk- serves oxygenated blood to the head and neck
left common carotid artery
- branches from the superior aspect of the arch of the aorta- serves oxygenated blood to the head and neck
left subclavian artery
- branches from the superior aspect of the arch of the aorta- serves the left arm
right subclavian artery
- branches from the brachiocephalic trunk- serves the brain, spinal cord, neck, shoulder, thoracic viscera and wall, and scapular muscles
vertebral artery
- branches from brachiocephalic trunk- serves the posterior portion the brain with blood
axillary artery
- branches from subclavian artery- serves lateral aspect of the thorax, the armpit, and the upper limbs
brachial artery
- branches from the axillary artery- serves as main blood supply to the arm
radial artery
- branches from the brachial artery- serves lateral aspect of the forearm, wrist, and hand
ulnar artery
- branches from the brachial artery- serves the medial aspect of the forearm, and into the wrist and hand
deep palmar arch
- branches from mainly the radial artery and but also ulnar- serves the hand
superficial palmar arch
- branches predominantly from ulnar artery but has a branch from the radial artery- serves the hand
thoracic aorta
- continuation of the arch of the aorta- has visceral branches which serve the viscera and parietal branches which serve body wall structures
abdominal aorta
- continuation of the thoracic aorta- has visceral (viscera) and parietal (body wall) branches
superior mesenteric artery
- branches from the abdominal aorta- serves pancreas, small intestine, and large intestine
inferior mesenteric artery
- branches from the abdominal aorta- serves large intestine
gonadal artery
- branches from abdominal aorta- serves the testes, epididymis, and ureters in males- serves the ovaries, uterine (fallopian) tubes, and ureters in women
celiac trunk artery
- branches from the abdominal aorta- serves stomach, esophagus, spleen, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, duodenum of small intestine
renal artery
- branches from the abdominal aorta- serves kidneys, adrenal glands, and ureters
splenic artery
- branches from the celiac trunk- serves the pancreas, spleen, and stomach
hepatic artery
- branches from celiac trunk- serves liver, gallbladder, stomach, duodenum of small intestine, pancreas, and greater omentum
femoral artery
- branches from external iliac artery- serves muscles of the thigh, lower abdominal wall, groin, and external genitals
popliteal artery
- branches from femoral artery- serves muscles of the thigh and skin on the posterior aspect of the legs, muscles of calf, knee joint, femur, patella, and fibula
anterior tibial artery
- branches from bifurcation of popliteal artery- supply the knee joints, anterior compartment muscles of the legs, skin over anterior aspects of the legs, and ankle joints
posterior tibial artery
- branches from bifurcation of popliteal artery- serves muscles of the leg, fibula, tarsus, and lateral aspect of the heel
arcuate artery
- branches from right dorsal artery- serves the toes and sole of foot
superior sagittal sinus (vein)
- drains the superior, medial, and lateral aspects of the cerebral hemispheres, meninges, and cranial bones- empties into right transverse sinus
external iliac artery
- branches from common iliac artery- serves the lower limb
internal iliac artery
- branches from the common iliac artery- supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh
deep femoral artery
- branches from the femoral artery- serves the thigh muscles and medial compartments of the thigh
fibular artery
- branches from posterior tibial artery- supplies blood to the lateral compartment of the leg
dorsal artery of foot
- branches from anterior tibial artery- serves the dorsal surface of the foot
left dorsal metatarsal artery
- branches from the arcuate artery- serves the toes and plantar arch
left dorsal digital artery
- branches from dorsal metacarpal artery- serves the toes
inferior sagittal sinus (vein)
- drains the superior and medial aspects of the cerebral hemispheres- empties into straight sinus
straight sinus (vein)
- drains blood from the cerebellum- empties into the left transverse sinus
right transverse sinus
- drains blood from the cerebrum, cerebellum, and cranial bones- empties into right sigmoid sinus
sigmoid sinus
- drain the transverse sinuses- empties into the jugular vein
internal jugular vein
- drains the brain through the dural venous sinuses, face, and neck- empties into the brachiocephalic vein
external jugular vein
- drains the scalp, superficial and deep regions of the face- empties into the subclavian vein
brachiocephalic vein
- drains the head, neck, upper limbs, mammary glands, and superior thorax- empties into the superior vena cava
superior vena cava
- drains head, neck, chest, and free upper limbs- empties into right atrium
coronary sinus (vein)
- drains the myocardium- empties into right atrium
great cardiac vein
- drains the great cardiac vein- empties into the right atrium
great cardiac vein
- drains the coronary sinus- empties into the right atrium
axillary vein
- drains the arms, armpits, and superolateral chest wall- empties into the subclavian vein
cephalic vein
- drains blood from the lateral aspect of the upper limbs- empties into the subclavian vein
brachial vein
- drain the forearms, elbow joints, arms, and humerus- empties into the axillary vein
median cubital vein
- drains the forearm- empties into the brachial vein
basilic vein
- drains the medial aspects of the upper limbs- empties into brachial vein
radial vein
- drains the lateral aspects of the forearms - empties into brachial vein
median antebrachial vein
- drain palms and forearms- empties into right median cubital vein
ulnar vein
- drains the median aspect of the forearms- empties into the brachial vein
palmar venous plexus vein
- drains the palmar digital veins- empties into right median antebrachial vein
palmar digital vein
- drains the fingers- empties into palmar venous plexus vein
proper palmar digital vein
- drains the fingers- empties into the common palmar digital vein
hepatic vein
- drains the liver- empties into the inferior vena cava
hepatic portal vein
- drains GI tract, spleen, pancreas, and gallbladder- empties into the hepatic vein
splenic vein
- drains the spleen- empties into the hepatic portal vein
superior mesenteric vein
- drains blood from the ileum and jejunum of the small intestine- empties into the hepatic portal vein
renal vein
- drains the kidneys- empties into inferior vena cava
inferior mesenteric vein
- drains the large intestine- empties into the splenic vein
inferior vena cava
- drains the abdomen, pelvis, and free lower limbs- empties into the right atrium
common iliac vein
- drains the pelvis, external genitals, and lower limbs- empties into inferior vena cava
internal iliac vein
- drains the thigh, buttocks, external genitals, and pelvis- empties into the common iliac vein
external iliac vein
- drains the lower limbs, cremaster muscle in males, and the abdominal wall- empties into the common iliac vein
femoral vein
- drains the muscles of the thighs, femurs, external genitals, and superficial lymph nodes- empties into external iliac vein
great saphenous vein
- drains the medial side of the leg and thigh, the groin, external genitals, and abdominal wall- empties into femoral vein
popliteal vein
- drains the knee joint and the skin, muscles, and bones of portions of the calf and thigh around the knee joint- empties into femoral vein
small saphenous vein
- drains the foot and posterior aspect of the leg- empties into popliteal vein
anterior tibial vein
- drains the ankle joint, knee joint, tibiofibular joint, and anterior portion of the leg- empties into popliteal vein
posterior tibial vein
- drains the fibular veins- empties into popliteal vein
dorsal venous arch (vein)
- drains the toes- empties into anterior tibial vein
dorsal metatarsal vein
- drains the toes- empties into dorsal venous arch
dorsal digital vein
- drains the toes- empties into dorsal metatarsal vein
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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