Quiz 2 Forearm & Hand Flashcards

Muscles of the upper limb
Terms Definitions
Pronator Teres Origin
Humeral Head-Common Flexor Tendon
 
Ulnar Head-Coronoid Process 
Pronator Teres Insertion
Middle of Lateral Side of Radius
Pronator Teres Innervation
Median
Pronator Teres Action
Pronation
 
Humeral Head-Forearm Flexion 
Flexor Carpi Radialis Origin
Common Flexor Tendon
Flexor Carpi Radialis Insertion
Base of Second Metacarpal
Flexor Carpi Radialis Innervation
Median
Flexor Carpi Radialis Actions
Wrist Flexion
Wrist Radial Deviation 
Palmaris Longus Origin
Common Flexor Tendon
Palmaris Longus Insertion
Palmar Aponeurosis
Palmaris Longus Innervation
Median
Palmaris Longus Actions
Wrist Flexion
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Origin
Humeral Head-Common Flexor Tendon
 
Ulnar Head-Proximal Posterior Border of Ulna 
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Insertion
Pisiform
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Innervation
Ulnar
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Actions
Wrist Flexion
Wrist Ulnar Deviation 
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Origin
Common Flexor Tendon
Coronoid Process of Ulna
Proximal 1/2 of Anterior Surface of Radius 
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Insertion
Both sides of Middle Phalanx of Four Fingers
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Innervation
Median
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Actions
Wrist Flexion
MCP Joint Flexion
PIP Joint Flexion 
Flexor Digitorum Profundus Origin
Proximal 3/4 of Medial & Anterior Ulna
Adjoining Interosseous Membrane 
Flexor Digitorum Profundus Insertion
Base of Distal Phalanx of Four Fingers
Flexor Digitorum Profundus Innervation
Lateral Half-Median
 
Medial Half-Ulnar 
Flexor Pollicis Longus Origin
Middle 1/3 of Anterior Surface of Radius
Adjoining Interosseous Membrane 
Flexor Pollicis Longus Insertion
Base of Distal Phalanx of Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Longus Innervation
Median
Flexor Pollicis Longus Actions
Wrist Flexion
Thumb MCP and IP Joint Flexion 
Pronator Quadratus Origin
Distal 1/4 of Anterior Surface of Ulna
Pronator Quadratus Insertion
Distal 1/4 of Anterolateral Surface of Radius
Pronator Quadratus Innervation
Median
Pronator Quadratus Action
Pronation
Flexor Digitorum Profundus Actions
Flex Wrist
Flex MP, PIP, and DIP Joints 
Common Flexor Tendon Muscles
Pronator Teres Humeral Head
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Palmaris Longus
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Humeral Head
Flexor Digitorium Superficialis 
Cubital Fossa Boundaries
Superior-Medial Epicondyle to Lateral Epicondyle Line
 
Laterally-Brachioradialis
 
Medially-Pronator Teres 
Contents of Cubital Fossa
(Medially to Laterally)
MATR
 
 Median Nerve
Brachial Artery
Bicipital Tendon
Radial Nerve 
Anterior Forearm Nerves
Median:
Anterior Interosseous Branch (at Tendinous Arch of Flexor Digitorum Superficialis)
 Palmar Cutaneous Branch (near wrist)
 
Ulnar:
Dorsal Branch (moving dorsally near wrist) 
Nerve passing through Pronator Teres
Median
Nerve passing through Cubital Tunnel
Ulnar
Branches of Radial Artery at Anterior Forearm
Radial Recurrent A. (after elbow)
 
Palmar Carpal A. (part of palmar carpal arch at carpals)
 
Superficial Palmar A. (part of superficial palmar arch)
 
Dorsal Carpal A. (part of dorsal carpal arch) 
Branches of Ulnar Artery of Anterior Forearm
Anterior Ulnar Recurrent A. (after elbow, from Ulnar Recurrent)
 
Posterior Ulnar Recurrent A. (after elbow, from Ulnar Recurrent)
 
Common Interosseous A
Branches into: Anterior & Posterior Interosseous A.
 
Palmar Carpal Branch
 Dorsal Carpal Branch
Artery passing under Brachioradialis
Radial Artery
Artery passing under Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Ulnar Artery
Roof of Carpal Tunnel
(Flexor Retinaculum Attachments)
Tubercle of Scaphoid
Tubercle of Trapezium
Hook of Hamate
Pisiform 
Floor of Carpal Tunnel
Carpal Sulcus
Carpal Tunnel Contents
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Tendons (4)
Flexor Digitorum Profundus Tendons (4)
Flexor Pollicis Longus (1)
Median Nerve (1) 
Abductor Pollicis Brevis Origin
Flexor Retinaculum, Scaphoid, and Trapezium
Abductor Pollicis Brevis Insertion
Radial Side Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Abductor Pollicis Brevis Innervation
Median
Abductor Pollicis Brevis Action
Abduct Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Brevis Origin
Flexor Retinaculum
Trapezium 
Flexor Pollicis Brevis Insertion
Radial Side Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Brevis Innervation
Median
Flexor Pollicis Brevis Actions
Flex Thumb CMC and MCP Joints
Opponens Pollicis Origin
Flexor Retinaculum
Trapzium 
Opponens Pollicis Insertion
Radial Side of Shaft of 1st Metacarpal
Opponens Pollicis Innervation
Median
Opponens Pollicis Action
Thumb Opposition
Adductor Pollicis Origin
Oblique Head: Capitate, Base of 2nd & 3rd Metacarpals
 
Transverse Head: Shaft of 3rd Metacarpal 
Adductor Pollicis Insertion
Ulnar Side of Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Adductor Pollicis Innervation
Ulnar
Adductor Pollicis Action
Adduct Thumb
Abductor Digiti Minimi Origin
Pisiform
Abductor Digiti Minimi Insertion
Medial Side of Base of Proximal Phalanx of Little Finger
Abductor Digiti Minimi Innervation
Ulnar
Abductor Digiti Minimi Action
Abduct Little Finger
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis Origin
Flexor Retinaculum
Hook of Hamate 
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis Insertion
Medial side of Base of Proximal Phalanx of Little Finger
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis Innervation
Ulnar
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis Actions
Flex MP Joint of Little Finger
Opponens Digiti Minimi Origin
Flexor Retinaculum
Hook of Hamate 
Opponens Digiti Minimi Insertion
Ulnar side of Shaft of 5th Metacarpal
Opponens Digiti Minimi Innervation
Ulnar
Opponens Digiti Minimi Action
Little Finger Opposition
Lumbricales (Lumbrical) Origin
Radial Side of Flexor Digitorum Profundus
Lumbricales Insertion
Radial Side of Extensor Expansions of Four Fingers
Lumbricales Innervation
Lateral 2-Median
 
Medieal 2-Ulnar 
Lumbricales Actions
"L"
 
MP Flexion
PIP & DIP Extension 
Dorsal Interossei (Interosseous) Origin
Adjacent sides of Metacarpals 2-4
Dorsal Interossei Insertion
Extensor Expansions and Base of Proximal Phalanx of Digits 2-4
Dorsal Interossei Innervation
Ulnar
Dorsal Interossei Actions
Abduction of Digits 2-4
 
"L" of Digits 2-4
MP Flexion
PIP & DIP Extension 
 
Palmar Interossei (Interosseous) Origin
Palmar Surface of Metacarpals 2,4,&5
Palmar Interossei Insertion
Extensor Expansions and Base of Proximal Phalanx of Digits 2,4,&5
Palmar Interossei Innervation
Ulnar
Palmar Interossei Actions
Adduction of Digits 2,4,&5
 
"L" of Digits 2,4,&5
Flex MP
Extend PIP & DIP 
Median Nerve of Volar Hand Branches
Palmar Cutaneous Branch
 
Recurrent Branch
 
Branches to 2 Lumbricales
 
Sensory Branches (3 1/2 Fingers and Tips) 
Ulnar Nerve of Volar Hand Branches
Dorsal Branch
 
Motor Branches
 
Sensory Branches (1 1/2 Fingers, Both Sides) 
Vessels of Palmar Hand
Ulnar Artery
 
Radial Artery
 
Superficial Palmar Arch
-Common Palmar Digital Branches
-Proper Palmar Digital Branches
 
Deep Palmar Arch
-Palmar Metacarpal Branches 
Brachioradialis Origin
Lateral Supracondylar Ridge of Humerus
Brachioradialis Insertion
Lateral Side of Distal Radius
Brachioradialis Innervation
Radial
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Origin
Lateral Supracondylar Ridge of Humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Insertion
Base of 2nd Metacarpal
Brachioradialis Action
Flex Forearm
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Innervation
Radial
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Actions
Extend Wrist
Radial Deviate Wrist 
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Origin
Common Extensor Tendon
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Insertion
Base of 3rd Metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Innervation
Radial
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Actions
Extend Wrist
Extensor Digitorum Origin
Common Extensor Tendon
Extensor Digitorum Insertion
Extensor Expansions of Four Fingers
Extensor Digitorum Innervation
Radial
Extensor Digitorum Actions
Extend Wrist, MCP, PIP, and DIP
Extensor Digiti Minimi Origin
Common Extensor Tendon
Extensor Digiti Minimi Insertion
Extensor Expansion of Little Finger
Extensor Digiti Minimi Innervation
Radial
Extensor Digiti Minimi Actions
Extend Little Finger MP, PIP, and DIP
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Origin
Common Extensor Tendon
Posterior Border of Ulna 
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Insertion
Base of 5th Metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Innervation
Radial
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Actions
Extend Wrist
Ulnar Deviation 
C5 Myotome
Deltoid
C6 Myotone
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
C7 Myotome
Triceps Brachii
C8 Myotome
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis and
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
T1 Myotome
Intrinsic Hand Muscles
Extensor Expansions Central Core
Intermediate and Collateral Slips of Extensor Digitorum Tendons
Extensor Expansions "Expansion"
Triangular shape anchoring into:
 
Deep Transverse Metacarpal Ligament
 
Palmar Ligament 
Supinator Origin
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
Posterior Surface of Proximal Ulna
 
 
 
(similar to flexor carpi ulnaris) 
Supinator Insertion
Lateral side of Proximal 1/3 of Radius
Supinator Innervation
Radial
Supinator Action
Supinate Forearm
Abductor Pollicis Longus Origin
Posterior Surface Middle 1/3 of Ulna, Radius, and Interosseou Membrane
Abductor Pollicis Longus Insertion
Base of 1st Metacarpal
Abductor Pollicis Longus Innervation
Radial
Abductor Pollicis Longus Action
Abduct Thumb
Extension of Thumb at CMC Joint 
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Origin
Posterior Surface of Middle 1/3 of Radius and Interosseous Membrane
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Insertion
Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Innervation
Radial
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Action
Extend Thumb at MP and CMC Joint
Extensor Pollicis Longus Origin
Posterior Surface Middle 1/3 of Ulna and Interosseous Membrane
Extensor Pollicis Longus Insertion
Base of Distal Phalanx of Thumb
Extensor Pollicis Longus Innervation
Radial
Extensor Pollicis Longus Actions
Extend MP and IP Joints of Thumb
Extensor Indicis Origin
Posterior Surface of Distal 1/3 of Ulna
Extensor Indicis Insertion
Extensor Expansion of Index Finger
Extensor Indicis Actions
Extend MP, PIP, and DIP Index Finger Joints
Extensor Indicis Innervation
Radial
Anatomical Stuffbox Borders
Anterior:
Abductor Pollicis Longus Tendon
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Tendon
 
Posterior:
Extensor Pollicis Longus Tendon 
Anatomical Stuffbox Floor
Scaphoid
Radial Artery 
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #1
Abductor Pollicis Longus Tendon
Extensor Pollicis Brevis Tendon 
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #2
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Tendon
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Tendon 
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #3
Extensor Pollicis Longus Tendon
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #4
Extensor Digitorum Tendons
Extensor Indicis Tendon 
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #5
Extensor Digiti Minimi Tendon
Extensor Retinaculum Tunnel #6
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Tendon
PIN Syndrome Cause (Postior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome)
Sharp Supinator causes discomfort in muscles of radial nerve
Supraclavicular Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Skin above Clavicle
Axillary Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Skin over Deltoid
Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous
(Musculocutaneous)
Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Skin of Brachioradialis
Medial Brachial Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Skin over Underarm
Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous
Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Skin over Top of Arm
Ulnar Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
1 1/2 Digis (and Tips) Hand
Median Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Radial side 3 1/2 Digits & Tips Volar Surface
Radial Cutaneous Nerve Innervation
Dorsum of Hand, 3 1/2 Digits (no tips)
C5 Dermatome
Skin over Deltoid
C6 Dermatome
Radial Side of Hand & Forearm (Volar & Dorsal)
C7 Dermatome
Middle Finger
C8 Dermatome
Ulnar Side of Hand
T1 Dermatome
Medial Side of Forearm
Tunnel of Guyon
Space between Pisiform and Hook of Hamate that Ulnar Nerve travels through
Common Extensor Tendon Muscles
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
Extensor Digitorum
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Extenor Carpi Ulnaris 
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Term:
Definition:
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