Test4 review Flashcards

white blood cell
Terms Definitions
Name for White blood cell
leukocyte
Name for a red blood cell
Erythrocyte
Name for platelet
Thrombocyte
A Lymphocyte that slows antibody production
Suppresor T-cells
A lymphocyte that matures in the thymus and stimulates antibody production
Helper T-Cells
What is the name of the protein that carries oxygen in the blood?
Hemoglobin
What do you call the amount of oxygen carrying protein in the RBCs of whole blood?
Hemoglobin
Which kind of leukocytes is/are not an agranulocyte?
Granulocytes
_______ are examples of granulocytes
Basophils, neutrophils, eosinophils
_________ are examples of granulocytes.
Lymphocytes, Monocytes
The clear, watery fluid that rmains after a blood clot has been removed from the blood is called
Serum
The golden straw colored fluid that remains after a blood clot has been removed from the blood is called
plasma
Your patient has type O blood. The only type blood you can give her is
O
You patient has typr B blood. Can you give hime type A blood?
No
Your patient has type AB blood. Can you give her type O blood?
Yes
Is there any type of blood you cannnot give to some who has type AB+ blood?
NO
What type(s) of blood can you give someone who has type O- blood?
O-
The out most layer of the heart
Epicardium
The middle layer of the heart
Myocardium
The inner layer of the heart
Endocardium
An upper chamber of the heart
Attrium
A lower chamber of the heart
Ventricles
The valves of the heart are formed from ________ (layer) of the heart.
Endocardium
Infections (i.e. rheumatic fever) of the ____ can cause a heart murmer
Endocardium
The area of tissue damaged by lack of blood supply
infarct
Inflammation of the heart muscle
Mycarditis
Inflammation of the outer layer of the heart
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the outer layer of the heart
Endocarditis
An instrument for recording the electrical activity of the heart
EKG, ECG
A procedure for measuring the pressure developed in a each chamber as the heart contracts
cardiac catherterization
Clot formation in the coronary arteries results in a
Myocardial Infarction
The scientific name for a blood clot is
Thrambus
A heart rate (in an adult) of 150 beats per minute is described as
Tachycradia
A heart rate of 30 (in an adult) bpm is described as
Bradycardia
The small vessel where exchange take place
Capillary
The vessel that receives blood from the capillaries
Vein (venule)
The vessels that deliver blood to the capillaries
Arteriole-smallest arteries
The group of vessels that carries blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange is called the _____ circulation
Pulmonary
The group of vessels that carries blood to and from the body (except lungs) is called the ____ circulation
Systematic
The branches of the abdominal aorta that supply blood to the kidneys
Renal arteries
A region of the medulla oblongata that controls blood vessel diameter
Vasomotor center
Poison produced by a pathogen
Toxin
Any foreign substance introduced into the blood that provokes an immune response
Antigen
A fraction (part) of the blood plasma that contains antibodies
Serum
(gamma globulin)
Manufacture of antibodies against one's own tissue
Auto Immune disorder
Which is the only specific defense against an infection?
Immunity
Another name for a thrombocyte
Platelet
Another name for erythrocytes
red blood cells
Another name for leukocytes
White blood cells
A substance that often accumulates when leukocytes are actively destroying bacteria
Pus
death of tissue in the muscle layer of the heart is called
Myocardial infarction
A small vessel through which exchanges between blood and cells take place
capillaries
The term for a circuit that carries venous blood to a second capillary bed before it returns to the heart
Portal system
THe large vein that drains blood from the parts of the body above the diaphragm
Inferior Vena Cava
The large vein that drains blood from the parts of the body above the diaphragm
Superior Vena Cava
THe means by which a pathogenic organism invades the body
Portal entry
The lympocyte that turns into plasma cells
B-cells
The cells that actually produces the antibodies
plasma
The cells that suppress antibody production
Suppressor T- cells
The cell that ingests pathogens
macrophage, phagocyte
The cell that produces interleukins
Helper T-cells
The cell that interleukins stimulate
B cells
Cells become clumped when mixed with a specific antiserum (wrong type of blood). The clumping is called _______.
Agglutination
The lymphocyte that starts the antigen-Antibody reaction
Macrophage/ t-cells
The volume percentage of red blood cells in whole blood
Hematocrit
The relaxtion phase of the cardiac cycle
diastole
Another name for the epicardium is visceral _______.
Pendicardium
The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle
systole
A sound that may result from a hear defect, such as abnormal closing of a heart valve
murmur
The blood clot fromed within a vessel
Thrombus
Asprinin is an example of this type of drug
Anticoagulent
Clot busters are a group of drugs medically referred to as
Thrombolytics
Capillaries combine to form the smallest veins, called
Venules
______ branch to form capillaries
Arteriole
The large vessels that supplies blood to the head
Carotid arteries
THe vessel supllying oxygenated blood to the liver
Common Hempatic Arterie
The vessel that carries food from the digestive tract to the liver
Hempatic portal vein
The vein that drains the area supplied by the carotid artery
Jugular vein
What change  in blood vessel diameter is caused by smooth muscle contractions?
vasoconstriction
What change in blood vessel diameter is caused by smooth muscle relaxation?
Vasodialation
The valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
Tricuspid
The valve between the left atrium and left venticle
bicuspid
The valve between the left ventricle and the aorta
aortic valve
a protein produced by the body to destroy a foreign substance introduced into the body
antibody
Blood serum contains immunity proteins called
immunoglobulium
The manufacture of antibodies against your own body
Auto immune disorder
How many specific defenses against disease are there
one- immunity
The manufacture of antibodies to substances that normally do not harm the body
Allergy
The valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
Pulmoic valve
An example of a nonspecific defense is
Cough, sneezing, intact skin, vomit, diarrhea
Cells that combine with foreign antigens and present them to T-cells
Macrophage
Which of the following will result in active immunity
Immunization, catch a cold
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies
Plasma Cells
The process by which cells become clumped when mixed with a specific antierum
Agglunation
The wave of pressure from each ventricular contraction
Pulse
A large vessel which carries blood from the lungs to the heart
Pulmanary veins
THe largest vessel which carries blood from the heart to the lungs
Pulmanary Artery
The large vessel that carries blood from the liver to the heart
Inferior Vena Cava
Term for blood pressure measured during heart muscle contraction
systolic
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