UH history Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
The laws passed by newly established Southern legislatures to restrict the freedom of the emancipated slaves were called
a.slave codes
b.black codes
c.John Crow Laws
d.Separate But Equal Laws.
b.black codes
The Law Allowing the federal governmant to intervene in a state's affairs in order to protect African-Americans was the
a.Tenure of Office Act
b.Command of the Army Act
c.Fifteenth Amendment
d.Civil Rights Act
d.Civil Rights Act
The agriculural system in which a family cultivated land it did not own, keeping a small part of whatever was gown and paying the ret as rent, was known s
a. peonage
b. serfdom
c. land leasing
d. sharecropping
d. sharecropping
Lincoln's plan for reconstruction
a. looked more to he past than to the future
b. looked more to the future than to the past
c. excluded Confederate soldiers from participation in state governments
d. would have taken generations to complete
b. looked more to the future than to the past.
Which one of the following is NOT true? Lincoln was assasinated
a. as part of a larger conspiracy
b. a few days after Lee surrendered
c. by a pro-Southern fanatic
d. before the war ended
d. before the war ended
Lincoln wanted to readmit the Southern states after
a. one-tenth of the state's voters took an oath of loyalty
b. one-half of the state's voters took an oath of loyalty
c. one-third of the state's voters took an oath of loyalty
d. all of the state's
a. one-tenth of the state's voters took an oath of loyalty
Of the following, which was NOT a school set up after the Civil War for African-American students of college age?
a. Sewanee University
b. Howard University
c. Atlanta University
d. Fisk University
a. Sewanee University
The new time systen adopted in 1883 was called
a. God's Time
b. Sun Time
c. Standard Time
d. Train Time
c. Standard Time
An organized group of companies that agreed to keep their prices the same and not really compete against eachother was known as a
a. trust
b. conspiracy
c. tie-in
d. pool
d. pool
Sometimes called a pirate, the folowing person was considered a giant of finance
a. George Stephenson
b. J. Pierpont Morgan
c. Andrew Carnegie
d. John D. Rockefeller
b. J. Pierpont Morgan
The Scottish-born steel industrialist was
a. George Stephenson
b. J. Pierpont Morgan
c. Andrew Carnegie
d. John D. Rockefeller
c. Andrew Carnegie
Finding Ways to limit competition led to a fortune in the oil business for
a. George Stephenson
b. J. Pierpont Morgan
c. Andrew Carnegie
d. John D. Rockefeller
d. John D. Rockefeller
The Yale profesor of chemistry who found valuable uses for the newly found oil was
a. Billy Smith
b. George H. Bissel
c. Benjamin Silliman, Jr.
d. Edwin L. Drake
c. Benjamin Silliman, Jr.
Rockefeller forced the railroads to give him a refund on each barrel of his oil they hauled, a payment known as a
a. rebate
b. kickback
c. gratuity
d. tariff
a. rebate
A successful and creative figure in the mail-order business ho began by selling jewelry, was
a. Richard Sears
b. James Bogardus
c. A.T. Stewart
d. Frederick W. Taylor
a. Richard Sears
The bold, ambitious Irish merchant who built one of the first department stores in New York was
a. Richard Sears
b. Alvah Curtis Roebuck
c. A. T. Stewart
d. James Bogardus
c. A. T. Stewart
The nation's hundredth birthday was celebrated on July 4, 1876, with a
a. Centennial Exposition
b. People's Palace
c. New World Fair
d. Bicentennial Exposition
a. Centennial Exposition
Samuel Gompers was the first president of the
a. Longshoremen's Union
b. American Federation of Labor
c. congress of Industrial Organizations
d. Knights of Labor
b. American Federation of Labor
One of the goals of Frederick W. Taylor was to eliminate people from
a. low wages
b. industrial accidents
c. sweat shops
d. waste
d. waste
The so-called haymarket Massacre did NOT involve
a. a meeting of workers, anarchists, and communists
b. a bomb
c. the death of seven poicemen
d. coal miners
d. coal miners
Mail-order catalogs compared favorably with general stores in all of the following ways EXCEPT
a. the availability of a variety of goods
b. the low prices
c. the speed of delivery
d. the display of new products
c. the speed of delivery
The importance of higher education for women was stressed by
a. Matthew Vassar
b. Leland Stanford
c. Booker T. Washington
d. John D. Rockefeller
a. Matthew Vassar
The inventor of a brake that made elevators safer was
a. Henry Bessemer
b. William Le Baron Jenney
c. James Bogardus
d. Elisha Graves Otis
d. Elisha Graves Otis
The inventor responsible for the mass-production steel furace was
a. Henry Bessemer
b. William Le Baron Jenney
c. James Bogardus
d. Elisha Graves Otis
a. Henry Bessemer
Although thought to be an improved, fireproof plan for crowded city buildings, major flaws were found in the
a. cast-iron building
b. dumbbell building
c. steel-framed skyscraper
d. narrow-shaft building
b. dumbbell building
One reason for calling cities "mixing bowls" of immigrant rather than "melting pots" is that
a. here were violent conflicts between imigrants from different countries
b. the children of immigrants learned English quickly
c. immigrants tended to maint
c. immigrants maintained many aspects of their original culture
The Immigration Restriction League
a. was created by a roup of former klansmen
b. urged Congress to deport immigrants from Southern Europe
c. believed in Anglo-Saxon superiority
d. was organized by Jane Addams in Chicago
c. believed in Anglo-Saxon superiority
a literacy test bill
a. was mainly aimed at excluding Irish immigrants
b. was passed shortly after the civil war
c. was never passed in Congress
d. was vetoed by Presidents Cleveland, Taft, and Wilson
d. was vetoed by Presidents Cleveland, Taft, and Wilson
Jane Addams' plan for a settlement house called or residents to be
a. the city's poorest and most needy
b. abandoned children
c. educated, well-to-do young men and women
uneducated, newly arrived imigrants
c. educated, well-to-do young men and women
The Morril Act allowed for the establisment of
a. settlement houses
b. tenement houses
c. land-grant colleges
d. garden cities
c. land-grant colleges
Which of the following individuals did President Tyler send to China to secure special privileges?
a. Matthew C. Perry
b. William Seward
c. Caleb Cushing
d. Charles Sumner
c. Caleb Cushing
The firm skillful adventurous naval officer who secured the opening of two Japanese ports to American ships was
a. Matthew C. Perry
b. William Seward
c. Caleb Cushing
d. Charles Sumner
a. Matthew C. Perry
The "Yellow Kid" cartoon series was created by
a. William Randolph Hearst
b. Richard F. Outcault
c. Joseph Pulitzer
d. Valeriano Weyler
b. Richard F. Outcault
Passed in 1898 and pledging that the United States would not exercise soveignty in Cuba, but largely ignored intil 1903, was the
a. Platt Amendment
b. Teller Amendment
c. Saniago Treaty
d. Havana Treaty
b. Teller Amendment
The amendment that became a "permanent treaty with Cuba" in 1903 was the
a. Foraker Amendment
b. Pacification Amendment
c. Teller Amendment
d. Platt Amendment
b. Platt Amendment
Both the Teller and Platt agreements
a. gave Cubans the right to establish their own constitution
b. called for Spanish evacuation of Cuba
c. forabde United States military intervention in Cuba
d. required that Cuba reimburse U.S. businessmen for da
a. gave Cubans the right to establish their own constitution
Which of the following is true of U.S. foreign relations for 1865 to 1900?
a. The United States tried to eliminate European influence in the Americas
b. The United States abandoned the Monroe Doctrine
c. U.S. interest in Latin America was limited to
a. The United States tried to eliminate European influence in the Americas
The Hepburn Act was a major step toward regulating business in that it
a. gave the ICC power over pipelines, ferries, terminals, and bridges
b. forbade railroad rebates and free passes
c. allowed the ICC to lower rates if shippers complained
d. all
d. all of the above
Roosevelt's nickname for reform journalists and novelists was
a. "progressives"
b. "muckrakers"
c. "mudslingers"
d. "agitators"
b. "muckrakers"
The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914 prevented
a. interlocking directorates
b. runs on banks
c. stock speculation
d. unfair shiping rates
a. interlocking shipping rates
All of the following were accomplished during Roosevelt's administration EXCEPT
a. breaking up trusts
b. settling labor disputes
c. conserving public lands
d. establishing a federal reserve system
d. establishing a federal reserve system
The seventeenth amendment allowed
a. women to vote
b. direct election of senators
c. an income tax
d. recall, initiative, and referendum
d. direct election of senators
The sixteenth amendment is the
a. women's sufrage amendment
b. prohibition amendment
c. direct election of senators amendment
d. income tax amendment
b. prohibition amendment
"Speak softly and carry a big stick" was the motto of
a. william howard taft
b. woodrow wilson
c. theodore roosevelt
d. william jennings bryan
c. theodore roosevelt
The Roosevelt Corollary extended the U.S. foreign policy first resented in
a. the Open Door Policy
b. Washington's Farewell Address
c. the Monroe Doctrine
d. the Manifest Destiny Doctrine
c. the Monroe Doctrine
World War I was precipitated by the assasination of
a. Archduke Francis Ferdinand
b. Kaiser Wilhelm
c. Czar Nicolas
d. the King of Serbia
a. Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Warlike statements were made by Germany's leader,
a. Archduke Francis Ferdinand
b. Kaiser Wilhelm
c. Czar Nicolas
d. Paul von Hindenburg
b. Kaiser Wilhelm
Wilson's 1918 program for the future of the world came to be known as the
a. Armed Neutrality Program
b. Fourteen Points
c. American Plan
d. Preparedness Plan
b. Fourteen Points
With a stated purpose to "sell the war to America," President Wilson created the
a. Council of Defense
b. Comittee on Public Information
c. Department of War Education
d. Federal Bureau of Information
b. Committee on Public Information
The Espionage Act of 1917 gave the President the power to
a. censor
b. ration
c. impose martial law
d. deport aliens
a. censor
"The Big Four" included
a. France, Spain, Germany, and England
b. France, Germany, Italy, and the United States
c. France, England, Italy, and the United States
d. the United States, England, France, and Spain
c. Frace, England, Italy, and the United States
It gave African American males the right to vote
15th Amendment
It forbade the President from dismissing federal officials without senate approval
Tenure of Office Act
It was established to provide meals, jobs, and schooling to former slaves
Freedmen's Bureau
This decision upheld the "seperate but equal" doctrine
Plessy v. Ferguson
Prohibited slavery in the United States
13th amendment
The "father" of scientific management was ______.
Frederick Taylor
In the 1880s the _________, or distance between the two railroad tracks, became standardized
gauge
The American Interchangeable System was organized by ________ and Samuel Colt.
Eli Whitney
In 1883 the United Stated converted from "sun" time to _________.
standard
Federal Aid to railroads in the West was in the form of ______.
land grants
Established Hull House
Jane Addams
Helped organize National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
Ida B. Wels-Barnett
Established land-grant colleges
Justin Morrill
Wonen's Christian Temperence Union president - worked for women's suffrage
Frances Willard
Made "Gentlemen's Agreement" with Japan concerning immigration restrictions
Theodore Roosevelt
He helped prove that yellow fever was transmitted by mosquitoes
Walter Reid
not taking sides in a dispute
neutrality
having a third party make a decision in a dispute
arbitration
Don't mind fighting a war to advance their nation's interests
jingoes
Those who opposed the United States becoming an empire
anti-imperialists
Assasinated by Leon Czolgosz in 1898
William McKinley
Mexican Bandit who raided and killed American citizens
Pancho Villa
Reestablished the practice of delivering annual messages to congress in person
Woodrow Wilson
Exposed the unsanitary conditions in the meatpacking industry in " The Jungle"
Upton Sinclair
Not favoring any political party
nonpartisan
As head of the Committe on Public Information, he "sold the war to America"
George Creel
He and William Borah headed Senate opposition to the U.S. joining the League of Nations
Henry Cabot Lodge
Britan intercepted this message from Germany proposing an alliance with Mexico
Zimmerman note
British liner sunk by Germany without warning, killing 128 Americans
Lusitania
Method by which the United States raised funds to pay for the war
Liberty Loans
The 1921 Washing naval conference was the first successful ____________ conference in history.
disarmament
Radical communists led by V.I. Lenin, who seized power in Russia, were called _______.
Bolsheviks
In 1928 the United States spent more money on ________ than all the rest of the world combined.
education
Harding set up a bureau to draw up a federal ______ to guide Congress in spending money.
budget
Secretary of the interior ________ was involved in the Teapot Dome scandal.
Albert Fall
Name given to the New York Stock Exchange's worst day, October 29, 1929, when prices fell sharply
black Tuesday
Purchasing stock by putting a small amount down and borrowing the rest on the value of the stock itself.
margin
Share of a companie's profits paid to stockholders
dividends
Franklin D. Roosevet's program to help the ation get out of a depression.
New Deal
Name for Hoover's one year postponement of Allied war-loan payments to the United States
debt moratorium
Urged equlity for African Americans; renounced citizenship
W.E.B. DuBois
Became "the conscience of the new deal"
Eleanor Roosevelt
The United Mine Workers president who founded the IO in 1935.
John L. Lewis
United States gunboat sunk by Japan in China in 1937, for which Japan apologized.
Panay
Blaming a country's problems on a specific group
scapegoating
The book Hitler wrote while in prison that became the Nazi bible
Mein Kampf
Name given FDR's policy towar Latin America
Good Neighbor
Hatred of Jews
anti-Semitism
The spark that began World War I was ignited in
southeastern Europe
The first declaration of war involved
Austria-Hungary declaring against Serbia
Wilson's Fourteen Points
were noble and idealistic
The purpose of the Selective Service Act of 1917 was to
register men for the military
The Selective Service Act of 917 provided for
the registration of men between ages 21 and 31 for the draft
All of the following were curtailed during the war EXCEPT the freedom of
a. speech
b. the press
c. assembly
d. religion
d. religion
What Americans feared the most in Wilson's peace plan was
the promise to respect and preserve League members against external aggression
The major reason for American opposition to the League of Nations was
the fear of being required to get involved in future European wars
Which provision of the Treaty of Versailles created the most bitterness in Germany after World War I?
the amount of reparations Germany was assessed
The poet wo described the postwar world as "The Wasteland"
T.S. Elliot
the movement to discourage te use of intoxicating liquors was known as
the temperance movement
Prohibition became law in 1919 with the ratification of
the Eighteenth Amendment
Women were granted the right to vite with the ratification of
the ninteenth amendment
The first solo flight from New York to Paris was made by
Charles A. Lindbergh
Bold use of the Assembly Line in his factories can be credited to
Henry Ford
All of the following factors contributed to "The Red Scare" EXCEPT
a. the presence of Communist party members in America
b. fears over the election of a Catholic as president
c. the Russian Revolution
d. bomb scares and actual bombings
b. fears over the election of a Catholic as President
Regarding war debts, Harding felt that
no war debts should be cancelled
The "Roaring Twenties" was characterized by
a. jazz, ragtime, and blues
b. speakeasies
c. flappers
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
All of the following took place in the Roaring Twenties EXCEPT
a. the election of a Roman Catholic to the Presidency
b. the election of women to state offices
c. mass production of the Model T
d. the first talking movies
a. the election of a Roman Catholic to the Presidency
Putting down a small amount of cash to buy shares of stock is known as
buying on margin
Shantytowns of the suddenly poor and displaced were known as
Hoovervilles
Hoover believed that the government should
assure fairness in business
As a result of stock market gambling
a. Americans borrowed heavily to bet on stocks
b. businessed put their cash into margin loans rather than into new machines and factories
c. the connection between the real value of companies and their stock price
d. all of the above
All of he following have been advanced as causes of the Great Depresion EXCEPT
a. the stock market crash
b. the uneven distribution of income
c. the high unemployment of the 1920s
d. the high tariffs and other disruptions of world trade
c. the high unemployment of the 1920s
he stock market "crash" refers to
the huge drop in the value of stocks
all of the followinf were effects of the sepression EXCEPT
a. milions of unemployed people
b. malnutrition in children
c. fewer marriages
d. increased college enrollments
d. incresed college enrollments
Hoover opposed direct government relief for individuals MAINLY because
he believed that the character of the American people would be damaged
As a result of the worldwide depresion, many European nations
gave up the Gol Standard
The 1932 Democratic platform favored
the repeal of Prohibition and fairer distribution of the products of industry
which of the following was NOT a cause of the Great Depression?
a. industrial overproduction
b. unequal distribution of wealth
c. excessivestock speculation
d. government overspending
d. governent overspending
Buying stocks on margin contributed to the Great Crash because
as prices fell, tockholders had to sell their stock or pay more cash
the "hundred days" was the time period
immediatedly following FDR's first inauguration
The four-month period between election and inauguration of a new president was eliminated by
ratification of the twentieth amendent
In 1938, Roosevelt resumed large-scale spending to counter the
Roosevelt Recession
Establishment of a minimun wage of 25 cents an hour was set by
the Department of Labor
Rosevelt's first actions as President included all of the following EXCEPT
a. promising he would follow Hoover's program
b. calling for a special session of congress
c. declaring a bank holiday
d. presenting an emergensy baking bill
a. promising he would follow Hoover's program
Te First Agricultral Adjustment Act (AAA)
paid farmers not to grow crops AND was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
FDR intended the National Industry Recoery Act to elp industry recover through
a partnership between government and business
The purpose of the WPA was to
provide work for the able-bodied unemployed
The Social Security Act provided for all of the following EXCEPT
a. income to the elderly
b. public assistance to certain needy persons
c. low-income housing
d. unemployment insurance
c. low-income housing
Te term "Forgotten Man" refers to
those who were neither rich nor successful
The Social Security Act provided for
a. old-age insurance
b. public assistance
c. unemlpoyment insurance
d. all of the above
d. all of the above
Whch of the following is an accomplishment of the New Deal?
a. minimum wage laws
b. balanced federal budget
c. enlargement of the Supreme Court
d. reuced government ontrol over public utilities
a. minimum wage laws
The New Deal came to an end in 1938 because
national concern shifted toward overseas aggression
Roosevelt's plan of February 1937-to organize the federal courts - was undertaken
without consulting his cabinet or Democratic party leaders
The "Roosevelt Recession" demonstrated that
Roosevelt had underestimated the eonomy's dependance on government spending
President Roosevelt permitted the federal dficit to rise because
he felt it necessary to restore the economy
The outcome of President Roosevelt's attempted "purge" of conservative Democrats in 1938 showed that
the American people objected to Rooseve;t's interference in local elections
which of the following programs instituted during the New Deal remains in effect today?
TVA
Which group of people was revented from voting under the grandfather clause?
African Americans
Which group of workers would have been LEAST likely to join the AF of L in the 1930s?
steelworkers
This sharecropping system developed because of
te end of slavery in the United Staes
A primary goal of te Soil Conservation Act of 1936 was the
decrease of farm surpluses
The most serious weakness of the first Agricltural Act was that it
did little to help tenant farmers
The Rural Electrification Administration helped bring electric power to rural areas by
lending money at low interest to farmers' cooperatives and others.
Most African-Americans supported the New Deal becauseNew Deal programs generally
involved more African-Americans in government than ever before
The CIo differed from the AF of L in its emphasis on
organization of heavy industry
In its first five years the CIO failed to
win acceptance for industrial unions by the AF of L
Apolitical organization that many Germans, unhappy with the conditions of their nation after World War I, joined was Hitler's
National Socialist Party
The agreement to dismember Czechoslovakia was made in the
Munich Pact
The system of French defenses ereted after World War I
Maginot Line
The British Leader who inspired his people during the Battle of Britan
Winston Churchill
This statement "no state has the right to intervene in the internal or external afairs of another" comes from the
Pan-American declaration of 1933
An institution invented by the Nazis to hold and dispose of Jews and political opponents was a
concentration camp
The event that started World War II in Europe was Germany's invasion of
Poland
All of the folling were examples of aggression by the akis prior to 1939 EXCEPT
a. the Itailan invasion of Ethiopia
b. German arms shipments to Franco in Spain
c. the German occupation of the Rhineland
d. the Japanese seizure of Manchuria
b. German arms shipments to Franco in Spain
The Battle of Britan took place in
Fall of 1940
The "Day of Infamy" refers to
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Hitler's greatest military blunder
attacking the USSR
The major Allied supply oute to China
Burma road
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