African American Scholars Bowl Flashcards

African American women
Terms Definitions
1. Name the original members of the Modern Jazz Quartet.
ANSWER: Milt Jackson, John Lewis, Percy Heath, Connie Kay.
2. Who recorded the hit songs Ain’t that A Shame and Blueberry Hill?
ANSWER: Fats Domino
3. What do we call slave songs that combined religious scripture with African rhythms?
ANSWER: Spirituals
4. Name the gospel singer who performed at John F. Kennedy’s 1961 inauguration.
ANSWER: Mahalia Jackson
5. What famous singer and actress was named special advisor to the U.S. Mission in the United Nations in 1975?
ANSWER: Pearl Bailey
6. What was trumpeter Louis Armstrong’s nickname?
ANSWER: Satchmo
7. What type of jazz did Dizzy Gillespie perform and what physical attribute is he most noted for?
ANSWER: Bebop; Puffing up his cheeks
8. What was Charlie Parker’s nickname?
9. Lady Day was also known as?
ANSWER: Billie Holiday
10. Ella Fitzgerald started her singing career by winning an amateur contest in New York City. Name the Venue.
ANSWER: The Apollo Theater
11. Who is known as the “Queen of Soul”?
ANSWER: Aretha Franklin
12. Who was the first jazz musician to use the organ as a jazz instrument?
ANSWER: Thomas “Fats” Walker
13. Who performed the hit songs Roll Over Beethoven and Johnny Be Good?
ANSWER: Chuck Berry
14. Richard Wayne Penniman is better known by what name?
ANSWER: Little Richard
15. Which Jazz musician made the song Mind Body and Soul famous?
ANSWER: Coleman Hawkins
16. Which city and state did the musical group The Jackson Five grow up?
ANSWER: Gary, Indiana
17. Who was the first African American vocalist to sing with a white orchestra?
ANSWER: Lena Horne
18. Who is the first African American inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame?
ANSWER: Charley Pride
19. Who introduced the dance craze known as the “Twist”?
ANSWER: Chubby Checker
20. Who was known as the “Father of the Blues”?
ANSWER: W.C. Handy
21. This famous jazz saxophonist received an Oscar nomination for his performance in a movie. Name him and the movie.
ANSWER: Dexter Gordon; Round Midnight
22. What popular sing-songwriter was born with the name Steveland Morris?
ANSWER: Stevie Wonder
23. Who recorded the song, Say It Loud, I’m Black and I’m Proud?
ANSWER: James Brown
24. What was the song that gave Motown its firsts million-unit seller, and who performed it?
ANSWER: Shop Around; Smokey Robinson and the Miracles.
25. Patricia Louise Holt is better known as?
ANSWER: Patti LaBelle
26. What musician recorded the hit song, Georgia on My Mind, and in what year was the song recorded?
ANSWER: Ray Charles; 1959
27. In 1983 this artist won 8 Grammy Awards for what album?
ANSWER: Micheal Jackson; Thriller
28. Who created the role of Joe in the 1920s musical Show Boat and what song did he make famous?
ANSWER: Julius Bledsoe; Old Man River
29. Which was the first Jackson 5 single?
ANSWER: I want you back
30. Who was the principal architect of the fifties Rock and Roll?
ANSWER: Chuck Berry
31. Who is known as the "Dean of African-American Composers?
ANSWER: William Grant Still
32. Name the record album that made Jimi Hendrix famous?
ANSWER: Are You Experienced
33. During the 40s and 50s this vocal group had a famous hit song called If I Didn’t Care. Who is the group?
ANSWER: The Ink Spots
34. Who is known as the “Empress of the Blues”?
ANSWER: Bessie Smith
35. Which jazz musician mad the song Body and Soul famous?
ANSWER: Coleman Hawkins
36. Who originally recorded the song “Hound Dog” and what year was it record?
ANSWER: Big Momma Thorton; 1953
37. What is Roland Hayes noted for?
ANSWER: He was a famous concert singer
38. Who made the song “Minnie The Moocher” popular?
ANSWER: Cab Calloway
39. What musical instrument did Fats Waller play?
ANSWER: The Piano
40. Who is known as the “Father of Gospel Music?”
ANSWER: Thomas Dorsey
41. Who wrote Lift Every Voice and Sing, and what is the song most noted for?
ANSWER: James Weldon Johnson; the song was rejected for the National Anthem, but is now the Black National Anthem.
42. The rap album Rapper’s Delight was recorded by what group?
ANSWER: Sugar Hill and the Gang
43. Who composed the music for the television miniseries Roots?
ANSWER: Quincy Jones
44. Who was the first African American woman to sing with the Metropolitan Opera?
ANSWER: Leontyne Price
45. Who is known as the Father of Rhythm and Blues?
ANSWER: Louis Jordon.
46. Name the 1950s jazz club that was named after Charlie Parker.
ANSWER: Birdland
47. What popular string instrument was brought to America by slaves in the 17th century?
ANSWER: The Banjo
48. What was the subject of Billie Holiday’s first big hit, Strange Fruit?
ANSWER: The somber song was about a Black lynching victim hanging from a tree
49. What Eleanora Fagan’s stage name?
ANSWER: Billie Holiday
50. Who were the first rap group to win a Grammy for best rap album?
ANSWER: Fresh Prince and Jazzy Jeff
1. What is the name of Spike Lee’s Production Company?
ANSWER: Forty Acres and A Mule Filmworks.
2. Who was Oscar Micheaux, and what is he most noted for?
ANSWER: A Filmmaker; Body and Soul
3. Who played the lead in Carmen Jones?
ANSWER: Dorothy Dandridge
4. Name the Emmy Award winning actress who starred in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.
ANSWER: Cicely Tyson
5. Who was the Publisher of Ebony and Jet magazine?
ANSWER: John H. Johnson (died 8/8/05)
6. Which African American actor starred in the award willing television series I Spy?
ANSWER: Bill Cosby
7. Who were the male and female leads in the movie The Preacher’s Wife?
ANSWER: Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston
8. What national television company hired Malvin (Mal) Goode as their first Black network news correspondent?
ANSWER; ABC Television hired him in 1962
9. What actor and tap dancer was known as “Bojangles?”
ANSWER: Bill Robinson
10. What is the name of Oprah Winfrey’s production company?
HARPO Productions
11. Name the two plays that August Wilson received two Pulitzer Prizes for.
Fences and The Piano Lesson
12. Who is the publisher of Black Enterprise magazine?
Earl Graves, Sr.
13. Who played “De Lawd” in the movie The Green Pastures in 1936?
Rex Ingram
14. What actress and comedian was born Caryn Johnson in 1949?
Whoppi Goldberg
15. Who played the role of the heavyweight champion Jack Johnson in the movie The Great White Hope?
James Earl Jones
16. Who wrote A Raisin in the Sun?
Lorraine Hansberry
17. What Black actor received critical acclaim for his performance in the movie The Emperor Jones?
Paul Robeson
18. Eartha Kitt started her dance career with what famous troupe?
The Kathrine Dunham Dance Troupe.
19. Who wrote and directed the movies Do the Right Thing and School Daze?
Spike Lee
20. What famous dancer choreographed the balled Revelations?
Alvin Aile
21. Who played the role of the private detective in the 1971 movie Shaft?
Richard Roundtree
22. Whose movie acting debut was in the film, Intruder in the Dust?
Sidney Poitier
23. Who played the title role in the movie Lady Sings the Blues?
Diana Ross
24. Name the Black actor who played a teacher in the tough London school, in the movie To Sir With Love.
Sidney Poitier
25. Which black performers were featured in the television show The Jeffersons?
Marla Gibbs, Isabel Sanford, and Sherman Hemsley
26. The character “Geraldine” was created by what famous Black comedian?
Flip Wilson
27. The character “Sapphire” was a regular on what 1950s television program?
The Amos and Andy Show
28. Who played Dorothy in the Broadway Musical The Wiz?
Stephanie Mills
29. Who played Chicken George in the miniseries Roots?
Ben Vereen
30. Which Wayans brother played in the movie The Glimmer Man?
Keenan Ivory Wayans
31. Whoopi Goldberg played the wife of a slain civil rights leader. Name the movie and the civil rights leader.
Ghosts of Mississippi; Medgar Evars
32. The play Lost in the Stars was based on which Alan Paton novel?
Cry the Beloved Country
33. Name the four female stars of the television show Living Single.
Queen Latifah (Dana Owens), Kim Fields, Kim Coles, and Erika Alexander
34. What was the name of the television sitcom starring Redd Foxx and Demond Wilson?
Sanford and Son
35. What show was a spin-off of The Cosby Show and took place on a college campus?
A Different World
36. Gary Coleman starred in what television sitcom?
Different Strokes
37. Name the two famous African American women that Angela Bassett has portrayed.
Betty Shabazz and Tina Turner
38. What Black actor appeared in the television series Mission Impossible?
Greg Morris
39. Actor Ira F. Aldridge is best known for his portrayal of which Shakespearean character?
40. The movie, Why do Fools Fall in Love, is about what 1950s singer?
Frankie Lymon
41. In what year did The Cosby Show premiere on NBC?
42. What was Black actor Stepin Fetchit’s real name?
Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry
43. What famous show, on Nickelodeon, featured the language and culture of the Sea Islands?
Gullah Gullah Island
44. What African American female is the mastermind behind the hit show, “Grey’s Anatomy”?
Shonda Rimes
45. Ruby Dandridge, mother of Dorothy Dandridge and an actress herself, was from what city and state?
Memphis, Tennessee
1. Who was the first author and major black poet?
Phillis Wheatley
2. Who was the first black killed in the Boston Massacre?
Crispus Attucks
3. Who was the first black to receive a degree from a U.S. college?
Lemuel Haynes, from Middlebury College, Haynes was the also the first African American to serve as a pastor to a white church.
4. The U.S. Postal Service recently released a stamp in honor of the first African American singer to perform with the Metropolitan Opera. Who was she?
Marian Anderson
5. Who was the first black to graduate from a U.S. medical college?
James Hall, from the Medical College of Maine
6. What was the first black newspaper?
Freedom’s Journal, published in New York City
7. Who was the first black to be elected to public office?
Alexander Lucius Twilight, to the Vermont Legislature
8. Who was the first black lawyer?
Macon B. Allen
9. Who was the first black playwright?
William Wells Brown, who wrote The Escape
10. Who was the first black woman to graduate from an American college?
Mary Jane Patterson, from Oberlin College
11. Who was the first black woman physician?
Rebecca Lee of Boston
12. Who was the first black member of the U.S. House of Representatives?
Joseph R. Rainey
13. Where was the first African-American nursing school in the country opened?
Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia
14. Who became the first black to own her own television and film production company?
Oprah Winfrey, Harpo Studios, Inc.
15. Who became the first African-American woman to win the Academy Award for best actress?
Halle Berry, for the film Monster’s Ball
16. Who was the first Black man to serve a full term in the US Senate?
Blanche Kelso Bruce (1841-1898) served from 1875-1881
17. Who was the first Black to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, and in what year?
Dr. Ralph Bunche in 1948
18. Who was the first Black chosen as president of the National Baseball League?
Bill White in 1989
19. What late night television program was the first to be hosted by an African American?
The Arsenio Hall Show
20. Who was the first female bishop of the Episcopal Church?
Barbara Harris
21. Who was the first Black woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar?
Marian Edelman
22. Who became the first African American woman composer?
Florence Price
23. Who founded the first gospel music publishing company?
Thomas A. Dorsey
24. Who became the first African American woman elected mayor of a large American city?
Carrie Saxon Perry became Mayor of Hartford, Connecticut in 1978
31. Who was the first Black columnist to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize?
Clarence Page
32. Who was the first Black Congressman to Chair the House Budget Committee?
William H. Gray III, a Democrat
33. Who was the first African American to vote?
Thomas M. Peterson of Perth Amboy, New Jersey
34. Who was the first African American diplomat?
Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett. He was appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant to serve in Haiti.
35. Who was the first African American nurse to become a US Army Colonel?
Margaret Bailey became a Colonel in US Army Nurse Corp. in 1970
37. Who was the first African American to pass the Florida Bar?
James Weldon Johnson
41. Who was the first African American honoree in the National Cowboy Hall of Fame?
Bill Pickett
43. Which Black football player became the first Assistant Attorney General in the United States?
William H. Lewis, who played center at Amherst College
44. Who was the first Black female to win the Guggenheim Fellowship?
Nella Larsen
46. Who was the first African American to earn a doctorate from an American University?
Edward Bouchet received his Ph.D. in physics from Yale in 1876
47. Who was America’s first African American scientist?
Benjamin Banneker, an astronomer
48. What was the name of the first Black hospital opened in the United States, and where did it open?
Provident Hospital in Chicago
49. The first Black woman judge in the US was also the first Black woman to graduate from Yale’s Law School and the first to be admitted to the Bar Association of the City of New York. Who is she?
Judge Jane M. Bolin
51. Name the first African American country music Entertainer of the Year?
Charlie Pride
52. Who was the first Black All-American basketball player?
Missouri Arledge
53. Who was the first African American Governor elected in Virginia after Reconstruction?
Douglas Wilder in 1989
54. Who was the first African American woman to sing with the Metropolitan Opera?
Leontyne Price
55. Who was the first Black quarterback to play professional football?
Willie Thrower for the Chicago Bears, in 1953
56. The first Black school of nursing was founded at what famous southern college?
Spelman College
57. What university was the first educational institution to offer a Black Studies program?
Howard University
58. Diahann Carroll was the first Black woman to star in her own television show. What was the name of the show?
59. Who was the first Black woman nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress?
Dorothy Dandridge for her role in Carmen Jones in 1955
60. Who was the first Black woman to appear on the cover of a mainstream fashion magazine; what magazine, and what year?
Beverly Johnson; Vogue; 1974
62. Who was the first Black woman to star in a television comedy program?
And what was the program?
63. Who was the first Black star of their own television variety show?
Nat King Cole
64. Who was elected the first Black mayor of a major American city?
Carl Stokes; Cleveland, Ohio in 1968
65. Who became the first woman candidate for President of the United States in 1972?
Shirley Chisholm
66. Who led the first major uprising of the 19th century in Virginia?
Gabriel Prosser
68. Who was the first African American Four Star General?
Daniel James, Jr.
69. Name the first Black man to be nominated for an Academy Award, and for what film?
Sidney Poitier; The Defiant Ones in 1958
70. Who was the first African American woman to lecture against slavery?
Maria W. Stewart
71. Who was the first Black tennis player at the US Open?
Althea Gibson
73. What African American author was the first to win a Pulitzer Prize for poetry?
Gwendolyn Brooks
74. What was the first Black collegiate sorority, founded at Howard University?
Alpha Kappa Alpha in 1908
75. Carol Moseley-Braun was the first African American woman elected to what political office?
United States Senate
78. Who was the first African American poet laureate?
Rita Dove in May 1993
79. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, a black surgeon, was the first to perform what type of operation?
open heart surgery
80. Who was the first Black woman to formally enter the medical profession?
Susan Steward
81. Prince Hall was America's first black Mason. In what year was he initiated?
82. Who was the first black woman pilot?
Bessie Coleman
83. Madame C.J. Walker was America's first black millionaire businesswoman. What name was given to her at birth?
Sarah Breedlove
84. Who was the first black woman to make the rank of full Colonel in the US Army?
Clotilde Brown
85. Who was the first African-American female judge?
Jane Bolin
86. Who was the founder of the first African-American owned record company?
Harry Pace
87. Who was the first African American to engage in boxing?
89. What was the first African-American fraternity to be chartered as a national organization?
Kappa Alpha Psi
90. Who was the first person of African descent to be honored on a postage stamp?
Booker T. Washington
91. What was the first black-owned company to be listed on the American Stock Exchange?
Johnson, Products Company
92. Who was the African American inventor who improved traffic safety with the invention of the automatic traffic signal, and also invented a gas mask that was widely used by American firemen in the 1900's and by soldiers on the battlefields during World
Garrett A. Morgan (1875-1963
93. A tailor living in New York City, he became the first African American to receive a patent in 1821 for inventing a method for dry cleaning clothes. Who was he?
Thomas Jennings
94. In 1925 he became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics, and possibly the world. He taught at Howard University from 1929-1961. Who was he?
Elbert Frank Cox (1895-1969)
95. He was the first African American to work as a chemist, serving as an assistant chief chemist for the Union Pacific Railroad after the Civil War. Who was he?
William G. Haynes
96. She was the first woman, black or white, to head a university medical department. Who is she?
Eleanor Franklin (1929-
97. He was the first African American to work for Bell Labs and co-invented a chemical additive that prevents the plastic coating on telecommunications cables from deteriorating, thus paving the way for universal telephone service. Who was he?
W. Lincoln Hawkins
98. Who was the first African American to receive a dental degree in the United States?
Robert Tanner Freeman
99. Who was the first African American to practice psychiatry?
Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller (1872-1953)
100. Alfred Oscar Coffin was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. in Zoology. Where, and in what year did he receive his degree?
Illinois Wesleyan University; 1889
101. Who was the first African American male to win the U.S. Open Wimbledon, as well as being the first African American Davis Cup Participant?
Arthur Ashe, Jr.
102. She was the first black woman to receive a Ph.D from Ohio State University. Who is she, and what year did she receive her degree?
Ruth Ella Moore; 1933
103. In 1972 what Texan became the first African American woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as well as being the first African American woman to serve as a Texas State Senator?
Barbra Jordan
104. Who was the first African American streetcar conductor in San Francisco, California?
Dr. Maya Angelou
105. Who became the first African American astronaut to go into space?
And in what year did he go?
106. What African-American was the first to have a novel published?
William Wells Brown
107. Janet Collins, a ballerina, was the first black artist to perform on the stage of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. In what year did she accomplish this?
109. Who is the African American opthamologist who revolutionized cataract surgery by inventing a laser device called the Laserphaco Probe to remove cataracts?
Patricia E. Bath
110. In 1973 he became the first black otolaryngologist - ear, nose, and throat specialist. Who is he?
Herman J. Mabrie III
111. The first black player in the National Hockey League was Willie O'Ree. What NHL team did he play his first game for?
Boston Bruins
112. Which track and field star was the first athlete to win four gold medals in an Olympic Games?
Jesse Owens
113. Who was the first African-American jockey?
Ed Brown
114. Who was the first African American inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame?
Robert J. Douglas
115. Who was the youngest and first African-American world champion weightlifter (in the light heavyweight category)?
John Davis
116. Who was the first African American women's figure skater to capture the U.S. and World Championship?
Debra "Debi" Thomas
117. Who was the first black to play at the Masters Tournament at Augusta National?
Lee Elder
1. Who is the author of Tar Baby?
Toni Morrison
2. Who is the author of The Invisible Man?
Ralph Ellison
3. Who wrote the novel Nobody Knows My Name?
James Baldwin
5. Who wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning book of poems Annie Allen?
Gwendoly Brooks in 1950
6. Leroy Eldridge Cleaver was the author of what autobiography?
Soul on Ice
7. Who wrote the critically acclaimed play, For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide or When the Rainbow is Enuf?
Ntozake Shange
8. What literary figure came to be called the poet laureate of the Negro race?
Langston Hughes
9. Who wrote the novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God?
Zora Neale Hurston
10. Who wrote Waiting to Exhale?
Terri McMillian
12. Who wrote Native Son?
Richard Wright
13. Who wrote Go Tell It on the Mountain?
James Baldwin
14. Who co-wrote Malcolm Z’s autobiography?
Alex Haley
18. What was the Harlem Renaissance?
Originally called the New Negro Movement, was a literary and intellectual flowering that fostered a new black cultural identity in the 1920s and 1930s.
26. He was the first African American to explore Africa.
Martin Robinson Delany
27. Name the first Black person to graduate from Harvard College.
Richard T. Greener
28. They were the first Black pilots to make a round-trip transcontinental flight.
Albert Ernest Forsythe and Charles Alfred Anderson on July 17, 1933
26. He was the first African American to explore Africa.
Martin Robinson Delany
27. Name the first Black person to graduate from Harvard College.
Richard T. Greener
28. They were the first Black pilots to make a round-trip transcontinental flight.
Albert Ernest Forsythe and Charles Alfred Anderson on July 17, 1933
29. Name the first Black female chaplain in the United States Navy.
Vivian McFadden
30. Name the first Black elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society.
George Washington Henderson
40. Name the first Black woman neurosurgeon in the United States.
Alexia Irene Canada
42. Name the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Columbia University.
George Edmund Hayes in 1912
45.Name the first Black quarterback to start in a Super Bowl Game.
Doug Williams of the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXII
50. Name the first Black owners of an NBA team.
Bertram Lee and Peter Bynoe owned the Denver Nuggets
61. Name the first Black member of the National Academy of Sciences.
David H. Blackwell
67. Name the first African American director of the National Park Service.
Robert G. Stanton
72. Name the first collegiate Black Greek fraternity.
Alpha Phi Alpha founded in 1906 at Cornell University
76. Name the first Black woman to become a federal judge.
Constance Baker Motley in 1966
77. Name the first African American priest and bishop in the United States.
James Augustine Healy
87. Who was the first African American to engage in boxing?
William Richmond of Staten Island, New York
108. Who is the first university-trained black physician, who after completing studies in Holland, practiced medicine in the colony of New Amsterdam (New York). In 1667 he received a land grant for his services.
Louis (or Lucas) Santomee
118. Name the first Black member of the New York Stock Exchange.
Joseph L. Searles III
Name the author who is best known for his mystery novels.
Walter Mosley
Name Paul Laurence Dunbar’s first collection of poetry.
Oak and Ivy
Name the author of Devil in a Blue Dress.
Walter Mosley
Name the author of The Souls of Black Folk.
W.E.B. DuBois
Name the novel Gloria Naylor wrote that became a television movie starring Oprah Winfrey.
The Women of Brewster Place
He was the first African American soldier to win the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Korean War.
William H. Gray III, a Democrat
In what city and state is Cheyney State College located?
Cheyney, Pennsylvania
Charlayne Hunter-Gault was one of the first Black students at what segregated southern university?
University of Georgia
How many Black students sought admission to Little Rock High School?
Where is Morgan State University located?
Baltimore, Maryland
The Institute for Colored Youth founded was founded by Richard Humphreys. In what year was is founded and what is it better known as today?
1837 Cheyney University
Ashmun Institute, the first school of higher learning for young black men was founded by John Miller Dickey and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson in what year, and was later renamed. What was it renamed and why?
1851 later (1866) renamed Lincoln University (Pa.) after President Abraham Lincoln.
What year does Frederick Douglass Patterson establish the United Negro College Fund to help support black colleges and black students?
In what year did Black and white students form the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), dedicated to working against segregation and discrimination?
How many, in total, HBCU’s are there?
How many HBCU’s are there in Tennessee?
Name them. 5; Tennessee State University, LeMoyne-Owen College, Lane College, Knoxville College, Fisk University
Who is Robert Russa Moton?
1867–1940, black American educator, b. Amelia co., Va., grad. Hampton Institute, 1890. He was commandant (1890–1915) of Hampton Institute, then principal and president of Tuskegee Institute until 1935. A successor of Booker T. Washington, he raised Tuskegee to college level and was important in national and international racial affairs. He received the Harmon award (1930) and Spingarn medal (1932).
Who is Virginia Randolph?
The daughter of former slaves, Randolph became a teacher at age 16. As a teacher at the Mountain Road School in Virginia's Henrico County, Randolph taught her students woodworking, sewing, cooking, and gardening, as well as academics. In 1908 she was named the first Jeanes Supervisor Industrial Teacher. In this position she oversaw 23 schools in Henrico County, training rural black teachers and improving the curriculum at each of the schools. She chronicled her progress in the Henrico Plan, which became a reference for many Southern schools. The Virginia Randolph Training School opened in 1915 and expanded to include dormitories. The school is now called the Virginia Randolph Education Center.
What did Mary Mcleod Bethune do?
Founded (1904) the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls; Founded National Council of Negro Women (1935); was director (1936–44) of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration; She also served as special adviser on minority affairs to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. At the 1945 conference that organized the United Nations, she was a consultant on interracial understanding.
Who was the earliest known black pharmacist, whose prescription book dates from 1853?
Wilcie Elfe
A successful doctor, whose practice included both blacks and whites, he used scientific reasoning to counter racist notions that blacks where mentally inferior to whites. Who was he?
James McCune Smith (1811-1865)
This doctor developed a test for the detection of syphilis that bears his name. Who is he?
William A Hinton (1883-1959)
A member of the team that developed a strategy for making oligosaccharides (links of simple sugar), his research could contribute to medical breakthroughs in the treatment of AIDS. Who is he?
Bertram O. Fraser-Reid (1934-
Her research at the National Institutes of Health is aimed at shedding light on how the human body defends itself against poison. Who is she?
Ida Stephen Owens (1929-
Who was the African American chemist who is best known for developing a way to synthetically produce cortisone in large quantities and also did pioneering work in developing drugs from soybeans?
Percy L. Julian (1899-1975)
What is the leading cause of death in African American women?
Breast Cancer
What disease does B. B. King have?
What blood disease plagues African- Americans?
Sickle cell anemia
What two diseases plague African Americans primarily?
Diabetes and Hypertension
What type of Diabetes do African Americans usually develop?
Type II
In 1721 this Massachusetts slave encouraged inoculation against smallpox by injecting the disease itself, a method of vaccination that would later become standard practice. Who was he?
Who was the 18th century slave granted his freedom and a pension by the South Carolina General Assembly for his discovery of a cure for rattlesnake bites?
One of the most renown black doctors of the 18th century, this former slave practiced in New Orleans and earned nearly three thousand dollars a year; a very high annual income for the time. Who was he?
James Derham
For 50 years she was Colorado's only black physician, delivering nearly 7,000 babies, and making all of her house calls by streetcar or taxicab. Who was she?
Justina Ford
Name the African American podiatrist who invented the "Tarsal Arch Support" in 1929?
Dr. John Richard Hillery
Between 1876-1976 nearly half of the practicing African American doctors in the United States graduated from this medical college. What is the name of the college?
Meharry Medical College
He did extensive research into the use of antibiotic drugs and was the first black doctor on the staff of Harlem Hospital. Who was he?
Louis T. Wright
He was an innovator of new dermatological techniques and did groundbreaking work in the treatment of leprosy. Who was he?
Theodore K. Lawless
He developed techniques that gave doctors the ability to determine when the rejection of a transplanted organ begins, thus allowing them to appropriately administer anti- rejection drugs. Name this African American kidney specialist.
Samuel Lee Kountz, Jr
Name the medical organization founded by black doctors in 1947 in response to the discriminatory membership practices of the then all-white American Medical Association.
National Medical Association
He helped perfect the standard color plate of the anatomy of the human heart, and in 1956 created an organization called Imhotep for the purpose of eliminating segregation in hospitals. Who was he?
W. Montague Cobb
Though he had no formal medical training, his pioneering research developed the surgical procedure that saved countless "blue babies" - children born with a congenital heart malfunction that robs the blood of oxygen. Who was he?
Vivien Thomas
A leader in the study of anticancer drugs, her work with tissue cultures enabled doctors to understand the effects of anti-cancer drugs and decide which ones worked best for each patient's cancer. Who is she?
Jane Cooke Wright
Who is the otolaryngologist who invented a delicate instrument that facilitated the approach to the pituitary glands?
William H. Barnes
At 33 he became director of the Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and is renowned for successfully performing the intricate surgery that separated Siamese twins joined at the head.
Benjamin Carson
The first black player in the National Hockey League was Willie O'Ree. What NHL team did he play his first game for?
Boston Bruins
Long before Venus and Serena Williams were kicking butt on tennis courts around the world, this person became the first black woman to play at the US Nationals in 1950. Who was she?
Althea Gibson
This baseball slugger holds the record for most career homeruns in MLB history. Who is he?
Hank Aaron
This fullback for the Cleveland Browns averaged an NFL record 5.22 yards per carry during his football career. He would later become a prominent civil rights activist. Who is he?
Jim Brown
Which African American basketball star made history when she became the first woman to dunk during a professional basketball game in 2002?
Lisa Leslie
This speedster holds the world record in the 100 meter and is the boyfriend of the world's fastest woman, Marion Jones. Who is he?
Tim Montgomery
Who is the NBA's all-time leading scorer?
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
What do African-American football players Ernie Davis, Archie Griffin, and Tony Dorsett have in common?
They all won the Heisman Trophy
Which track and field star overcame childhood polio to become one of the greatest athletes of her time?
Wilma Rudolph
Credited with breaking the "color barrier" in baseball by becoming the first African American to play in the major leagues, Jackie Robinson played for which team?
Brooklyn Dodgers
The all-black basketball team the Harlem Globetrotters was formed in what year?
Who was the first player from the Negro Leagues to be elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame?
Leroy Robert “Satchel” Paife
Perhaps the world's best all-round woman athlete, Jackie Joyner-Kerseewon a gold medal in which event at the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics?
Star basketball player Michael Jordan led his team, the Chicago Bulls, to how many NBA World Championships in the 1990s?
Who was the First Black Quarterback to start in a Super Bowl?
Doug Williams
Who is the father of the Negro Baseball League?
Rube Foster
I am a great track and field athlete. I won a total of 6 gold medals at the 1984 & 1988 Olympics. I am African American. Who am I?
Carl Lewis
Who was the first African American track and field champion?
John Baxter "Doc" Taylor
Who was the first African American to win an Olympic Gold medal? What did they win it for and what year did they win?
Alice Coachman; for the high Jump; 1948 in London
In 1992, Dominique Dawes and Elizabeth Okino became the first Black athletes to compete in what Olympic sport?
Who, and in what year, was the first African American to coach a sports team?
Bill Russell; 1966
Who was the first African American woman to win four medals at one Olympic game?
Florence Griffith Joyner; She won three gold medals and one silver medal at the 1988 Olympic games in Seoul, South Korea
In what sport did Bill Picket excel?
He was a rodeo cowboy. He invented the technique known as bulldogging
Who was the first African American coach to win a Super Bowl and in what year?
Tony Dungy; 2007
Who is the first African American coach to ever lead the Pittsburgh Steelers?
Mike Tomlin; current coach
Former Tennessee slave, Nat Love, was better known as a rodeo star with what name?
Deadwood Dick
Where is the Hunt/Phelan house located, and name at least one of its uses?
Memphis, TN; there is a tunnel underneath the house that was part of the Underground railroad; there is a schoolhouse that was built to educate the Phelan children as well as the family’s slave children; and the house was used occupied by Northern Teachers who came to educate newly freed slaves. It is the first school known to have educated blacks in Memphis.
Famous musician, W.C. Handy’s Home is located in a popular historic district. Name the district and it’s location.
Beale Street; Memphis, TN
Pulitzer Prize winning author, Alex Haley’s home is in this small Tennessee town. Name the town.
Henning, TN
What HBCU was founded by the American Missionary Association and the Western Freedman’s Aid Commission in 1866?
Fisk School
The Fisk Jubilee Singers raised money to erect what building, which is now a University residence hall.
Jubilee Hall
This Church was established in 1845, twenty years before the demise of slavery, and is Knoxville’s oldest African American Church in existence today. It is said that this church served as a station on the Underground Railroad. What Church is this?
Greater Warner Tabernacle AME Zion Church
“The workings of the human heart are the profoundest mystery of the universe. One moment they make us despair of our kind, and the next we see in them the reflection of the divine image.”
Charles W. Chesnutt (1858-1932) The Marrow of Tradition (1901)
“You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man.”
Frederick Douglass (1818?
One ever feels his twoness,—an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warrings ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.
W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963) The Souls of Black Folk (1903)
The question is not whether we can afford to invest in every child; it is whether we can afford not to.
Marian Wright Edelman ((1939-)
Where did your Christ come from?
. . . From God and a woman. Man had nothing to do with him.
“If they make the Ku Klux Klan nonviolent, I’ll be nonviolent.”
Malcolm X
“Men of color, to arms. Liberty won by only white men would lose half its luster.”
–Frederick Douglass
“I made films when the only other Black on the lot was the shoeshine boy.”
-¬Sidney Poitier
“Let the nation and the world know the meaning of our numbers.”
¬¬¬-- A. Phillip Randolph
“I’m sick and tired of being sick and tired.”
–Fannie Lou Hamer
“When I discover who I am, I will be free.”
–Ralph Ellison
“We wear the mask that grins and lies.”
—Paul Laurence Dunbar
“Don’t look back. Something might be gaining on you.”
– Satchel Page
“Cease to be a drudge, seek to be an artist.”
–Mary McLeod Bethune
“My life belongs to the struggle.”
—Angela Davis
“Up, up, you might race! You can accomplish what you will.”
– Marcus Garvey
“If there is no struggle, there is no progress.”
—Frederick Douglass
“Brother, brother, brother, there’s far too many of you dying.”
—Marvin Gaye
“The blues are the songs of despair; gospel songs are the songs of hope.”
—Mahalia Jackson
What group of African Americans are more African than other American born African Americans, and why?
The Gullah of the SC Sea Islands; They were more isolated from whites so they were able to keep more of their African identity.
What is the language spoken by the people of the sea islands, and what is unique about it?
Gullah; it is a blending of Creole and English. The language follows that of African syntax and structure more than English.
Where were the majority of African captives taken from?
The west coast of the African Continent
Which three colors comprise the Black Liberation flag?
Red, Black, and Green
What do the three colors on the Black Liberation flag represent?
Red= blood; Black= people; Green= land
How long did the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott last?
One year
What did the Fugitive Slave Act do?
It gave slave hunters the right to catch escaped slaves
What is Hoppin’ John?
Black-eyed peas and rice
During the war of 1812 who organized 2,500 Black Philadelphians to defend the city in case of invasion?
James Forten
Why did the Northern states gradually eliminate slavery?
Because slavery was not suited to their trading and industrial economy
African Americans were able to enlist in the Unites States Navy in what year?
Former slave Nancy Green was the world’s first living trademark. By what name and product was she known?
Aunt Jemima (Pancake Mix)
The black soldiers who helped protect the pioneers during the American settlement of the West were called?
The Buffalo Soldiers
What year did the Supreme Court rule on Brown vs The Board of Education?
Frizzell Gray was born in Baltimore, Maryland. By what name is he better known?
Kweisi Mfume
What is the name of the route that the slave ships took to the Americas?
The Middle Passage
The Conk refers to the grooming of what part of the body?
The only Black regimen to fight in the American Revolution came from what colonial state?
Rhode Island
Approximately how many African Americans served during WWII?
One Million
What Civil Rights group was founded in New York City in 1909?
What was the name of the 14-year old boy who was brutally killed for allegedly whistling at a white woman?
Emmett Till
Where did Blacks who wanted to become pilots in WWII receive their training?
At the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. The brave graduates where known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
Who founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church?
Richard Allen
Who was the first female leader of the Black Panthers?
Elaine Brown
Who was the most prolific of the early Black filmmakers?
What percentage of the captive Africans died on board the slave ships?
What disguise did Frederick Douglass use when he escaped to freedom?
He disguised himself as a sailor.
What is the name given by DNA specialists to the world's first human as identified in Africa and determined by the study o genetic history?
Who was the first African warrior-king to unite Upper and Lower Egypt four millennia ago?
Name the two undoubted Africans who conquered and ruled all of Egypt at least 600 years before the birth of Christ.
Piankhi and Tarharqa
Identified as the mother of Akhenaten, the world's first proponent of the idea of one God, this Egyptian Queen was described by her contemporaries as "coal " in complexion and undoubtedly African in her facial features. What was her name?
Queen Tye
A 10th century African king on a round trip between his kingdom of ancient Mali and Mecca in Arabia was so wealthy that spending by his 40,000-person entourage upset the economies of the nations through which they passed. Identify this African king.
Mansa-Musa or Kan-Kan Musa
Songhai, the greatest and largest of the "Big Three" pre-colonial West African empires, was founded by a warrior family which supplied several generations of rulers with the same name. What was the name?
Sonni Ali
What was the name of a major pre-colonial African University whose professors were required to sign their individual names to the diplomas of every graduating student who had attended their classes?
Sankore in Timbuktu
Called the "African Attila, " this mighty warrior, in the 1820s,organized an exceptionally disciplined army of 100,000 soldiers and at age 34 conquered territory larger in size than the country of France. What was his actual name?
Chaka Zulu
In East Africa, there're remnants of magnificent 14th century stone structures once known as the "African Acropolis" and "The Temple. "Falsely attributed to European architects, these artifacts are now seen as the works of Africans exc
The Great Enclosure or The Great Walls of Zimbabwe
Of scores of states and societies in pre-c-olonial West Africa, name the two largest and most famous.
Melle or Mali 800-1200AD
In slavery era trans Atlantic trade involving Africa, Europe and the "New World," what products were most commonly shipped from a) Europe to African societies and b) the "New World" slave societies to Europe?
A)cloth B)sugar
European control of the African continent evolved from negotiated waterfront landing rights to military conquest, ending in the parcelling out of Africa to major European powers in the 1880s at an infamous conference held in what city?
Berlin 1882-1884
In the 20th century African political independence movements, what types of associations did Black activists first organize in their freedom struggles?
Labor unions
With a larger circulation than any other newspaper published by Blacks anywhere and often carrying articles written in English, French and Spanish, the Negro World reached at least 500,000 readers per issue. It was published by what organization?
Marcus Garvey’s United Negro Improvement Organization
In 1914, Frances anctioned the election of Blaise Diagne, the first Black from any European colony to hold a seat in a mainland law-making body. Identify this body.
Chamber of Deputies
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) were among the most prominent national civil rights advocacy organizations in the Sixties. One individual served first as manager of SCLC and the
Ms Ella Baker
In the epoch-making arrest of Mrs. Rosa Parks , which launched the Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott, Mrs. Parks had a "day job" as a professional seamstress in a department store. What was her far more significant "night job?
Secretary, local NAACP
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr's predecessor at Montgomery's Dexter Avenue Baptist Church was perhaps more fearless than Dr. King, but his effort at confronting racism was perceived as being "ahead of his time." Identify this now legendary minister.
The Reverend Vernon Johns
During the Civil Rights Movement, the NAACP was at the heart of protest movements on behalf of African Americans. Its most famous director switched from a career of recording news to one of making news when, in 1955,he became Executive Director of the NAA
Roy Wilkins, former journalist
Dating from 1911, the National Urban League has been a major organization monitoring the economic and education status of African Americans. During the Civil Rights movement, its Executive Director was a former social work professional who headed the Leag
Whitney Moore Young, Jr.
Affecting the speech and mannerisms of an aristocrat, this individual created Black America's most powerful labor union and was a pioneer in mass demonstrations. What was his name?
Asa Philip Randolph
Daisy Gaston Bates, then a state NAACP advisor to the famed "Little Rock Nine" desegregating Little Rock, Arkansas' Central High School in 1957,lost her business in the struggle. Identify the business.
Ownership of the Arkansas State Press newspaper
At the beginning of World War II, Navy Mess Attendant Dorie Miller shot down four Japanese planes. He was proclaimed a hero, returned to duty and lost his life in battle still a mess man attendant. The United States Navy acknowledged his heroics by awardi
The Navy Cross Medal
In the 1940s when it was most dangerous to do so, the NAACP assigned its Southern states field representative to report on the illegal activities of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. Her work brought her a measure of fame and the attentions of Southern rac
Ms. Ruby Hurley
In a heroic congressional career of a quarter century, the first African American Representative from New York proposed 50 different bills embodying the early concepts of equal opportunity and affirmative action, and saw each of them become law. Identity
Adam Clayton Powell, 1944 to 1970
After being fired from her South Carolina public school teaching job in 1956 for her membership in the NAACP, she made the entire South her classroom through her numerous adult literacy and civic education workshops and programs. Identify this individual.
Septima Poinsette Clark
Gaining enduring national fame for her eloquent defense of the U.S. Constitution during hearings on whether or not then President Richard Nixon had perhaps violated it, this African-American member of the U.S. House of Representatives became a role model
Barbara Jordan of Texas
The famous case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka (Kansas) declaring racial segregation unconstitutional was the finale of a legal strategy commonly attributed to the heroic background work of one law school professor and legal activist who traine
Late Howard University Law School Dean Charles Hamilton Houston
A self-employed full time racial spokesperson for most of his life, in 1988 Jesse Louis Jackson ran for president of the United States and received more votes than any other African American for any office at any time. How many votes did he receive?
8 million
The 1963 March on Washington was notable for a) its size--250,000 marchers, b) peaceful conduct and c) the classic I Have a Dream" speech by Dr. Martin Luther King. The person commonly given credit for the logistics of the march was trained by Asa Ph
Bayard Rustin
Antedating the "Freedom Rides of the 1960s, the first-known organized freedom ride protests occurred in 1947 to test the effectiveness of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision outlawing racial segregation in interstate travel. Name the group.
Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)
In the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s, the two opposing armies halted their fighting for one hour to listen to an African-American singer. After the last song, the combatants resumed their endeavors to destroy one another. What was the name of this famous
Paul Robeson
Fluent in French and Latin and supportive of fellow African Americans writing in English during the 1920s and the author off our novels between 1924 and 1928, this Black Philadelphia native has been described as the "mother" of the Harlem Renais
Jesse Redmond Fauset
With the publication of his Native Son, a 1940 instant "best seller," many African Americans saw Richard Wright as an intellectual hero who was unafraid to tell unvarnished truths about the impact of racism on self-esteem. Why was this book call
200,000 copes sold three weeks
In the pre-emancipation period, the Northern political movement in the 1840s to abolish slavery included African-American leaders such as Samuel Ringgold Ward, Henry Highland Garnet and Frederick Douglass. What political party received their endorsement?
The Liberty Party
The first Black elected to any public office in America during slavery was also elected to the U.S. Congress after the Civil War. Between these periods, he was a high official of the Freedmen's Bureau, a law school dean and a U.S. diplomat. Identify this
John Mercer Langston, Brownhelm, Ohio, 1855
Upstate New York was the home base of the first explicitly political association organized by Blacks during the years prior to the Civil War. Frederick Douglass was selected to head this group. What was this organization called?
The New York Suffrage Association of 1855
While several African American females hold congressional seats in our time, the very first Black woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1968 had already served in her state legislature. Identify that noted person.
Mrs. Shirley Chisolm
The Compromise of 1850, legalizing the retrieval of fugitive slaves anywhere in the United States, stimulated an emigration movement, with many blacks moving to Canada. Name this emigration association.
1854 National Emigration Convention, based in Ohio
The 1857 Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision denying citizenship nationalized slavery on the one hand and gave state and local authorities control over slavery on the other. What part of the decision was used to make this outcome possible?
National and State Property Protection Sections
When the Civil War erupted, free Blacks in the North held numerous rallies supporting it but most of the 180,000 African-American soldiers were from the Deep South. Which state supplied the largest proportion of African-American soldiers?
Louisiana, 24,052
The movie "Glory" with Denzel Washington highlighted the famed54 Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, a unit made up of African-American volunteers from many other Northern states; however the honor of supplying the largest number of Northern Black
Pennsylvania, with 8612
In addition to their heroics at Fort Wagner in South Carolina and the Battle of the Crater in Virginia, Black Civil War soldiers took part in some 39 major battles and minor engagements. How many African-American soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor?
22 received the Medal of Honor
In anticipation of Union victory in 1864,NorthernBlackleaders held their largest pre-emancipation conference, attended by144 eminent individuals, with Frederick Douglas presiding. Where was this leadership summit held?
Syracuse, New York
Recognizing that the mass of Blacks were engaged in agriculture and other forms of manual labor, in1869 Isaac Myers, a Baltimore owner of a ship caulking firm, issued a national call for Black workers to organize. Scores of Blacks responded by organizing
National Negro Labor Union
In making the shift from exclusion in 1865 to inclusion in political activity in 1868, African Americans in the Deep South learned the details of government in workshops throughout the South, held under the sponsorship of what organization?
Northern National Union League movement
The 1876 ending of Black reconstruction resulted in a mass movement in 1879-80 of hundreds of thousands of Southerners who went to Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas and Illinois. What was this mass movement known as?
The Black Exodus of '79
In the last two decades of the 19th century some 1,300,000 Southern African-American farmers organized for cooperative buying of supplies and selling of produce. These farmers were part of the Farmers Alliance movement. What was the name of their separate
The Colored Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union
Abandoned by the Republican party and rejected by the Democratic party in the 1890s,African-American political activists were attracted to a third party. What was it called?
The Populist Party
In 1896, the National Federation of Afro-American Women and the National Conference of Colored combined under the name National Association of Colored Women. Their very first president was a future civil rights activist. What washer name?
Mary Church Terrell
Booker T. Washington's theory of racial uplift was based on an 1890s social philosophy which favored the social stratification of races. What was the label given to this philosophy?
Social Darwinism, or survivors of the fittest as rulers
With African Americans virtually eliminated from political life at beginning of the 20th century, a new political movement equating efficient public service with Anglo- Saxon ethnic purity attracted many "mainstream" Americans who urbanized the
The Roaring Twenties for mainstream America was a peak period for African American musical and literary innovation. What popular phrase was applied to African-American creative life during this period?
The Black or Harlem Renaissance
The 1960s flowering of literary and artistic talents among African Americans brought forth names such as Don Lee, Amir Baraka (aka Leroi Jones), Sonya Sanchez, Nikki Giovanni, Alvin Ailey and many others. What was the name given to this creative period?
Black Arts Movement
Alex Haley, the author of both Roots and The Autobiography of Malcolm X, is one of the few writers with two enduring culturally significant works. Almost single- handedly Haley popularized a field of historical research known as what?
In Kenya, the famed Mau Mau movement represented reaction to political subordination, economic oppression and outright racism, but in the wake of the movement emerged the "George Washington" of Kenya. What was his name?
Jomo Kenyatta
After a distinguished career as teacher, research chemist and business entrepreneur, the renowned Dr. Perch L. Julian became a millionaire in 1961 by merging Julian Laboratories with the huge chemical company known by what name?
Smith, Kline and French Pharmaceutical Company
During the 1930s and 40s Dr. Earnest E. Just gained international fame for his work on the dynamics of egg fertilization and cell structure and at age 22 received from the NAACP its highest recognition for the individual whose work contributed most to the
Joel Elias Spingarn Medal
While Dr. Daniel Hale Williams is well known as the first physician to successfully operate on the human heart, he is less well known as a hospital administrator who headed two major African-American hospitals. Name the hospitals.
Provident Hospital, Chicago; Freedman's Hopsital, Washington, D.C.
Jan Ernest Matzeliger, the Black mechanical wizard whose shoe making machine placed America in the forefront of the shoe manufacturing business, migrated to North America in search of economic opportunity and found it here rather than in his native land.
Paramaribo, Guniana
As a Black professional inventor. Elijah McCoy not only saved manufacturing concerns untold millions with his non-stop oil lubricating devices, but also earned a comfortable living from his own business which was advertised as what enterprise?
The Elijah McCoy Manufacturing Company, Detroit
In a field where a microscopic mistake can generate major effects, Dr. Benjamin Carson routinely makes national news as a master neurosurgeon. Since 1984, Dr. Carson's professional base of operations has been at what hospital?
Johns Hopkins Hospital
From winning first place in Washington, D.C. high school science fairs to becoming the first Black female to earn a doctorate in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the field of particle physics to being chosen president of the Rensselae
Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson
African Americans are disproportionately liable to suffer from sickle cell anemia, a disease which can led to stroke, swollen hands and pneumonia. For five decades , the nation's leading researcher on this illness worked at Howard University. Name him.
Dr. Roland Scott
In a career reminiscent of Granville T. Woods' a nearly a century earlier, this inventor was widely recognized for his work involving electro gas dynamics, and related subjects. He shows up on most rosters of contemporary Black scientists and inventors. W
Meredith Gourdine
Among the few highly trained and internationally recognized African Americans in the field of computerized weather modeling and global greenhouse effects is the former president of the mainstream American Meteorological Society. Identify him.
Warren M. Washington
While African Americans are still underrepresented in the field of medicine, the leading producer of Black undergraduates who eventually enter medical school upon graduating from a small private college in the South. Name the institution.
Xavier University of Louisiana
The Apollo 16 lunar landing vehicle placed on the moon an ultraviolet camera/spectrographic device to take unprecedented detailed images of stars in the making, billions of miles away. This feat fulfilled the childhood dream of its African-American design
Dr. George Carruthers
Prior to the 1950s, the Southern medical profession was as racially segregated as its dance halls. Who was pre-eminent leader of the struggle to desegregate the practice of medicine in the United States.
Dr. Montague Cobb
The African-American co-inventor of the foil electric microphone element, which issued in nearly 90% of the world's phones, holds upwards of 40 patents in America and some 200 in Europe. These accomplishments have been recognized by the ultra selective Na
Dr. James E. West
The National Science Foundation, as the government's presence in scientific research, distributes billions of dollars to support the work of some of the nation's most brilliant individuals. Who was the first African American to head this foundation?
Doctor Walter E. Massey
Mae C. Jemison, the first female astronaut, is known primarily for her role in the space program. Before entering this program in 1987, Ms. Jemison worked in Sierra Leone, Africa for two years in what capacity?
While astronauts are now seen as routine, few are aware of the first Black person to be selected for the exceedingly rigorous training required by the space program's Manned Orbiting Laboratory in 1967. What was that person's name?
Major Robert H. Lawrence, Jr.
While most enslaved Africans in the New World used to raise sugar cane, a freeperson of color was the first person to follow explicitly scientific methods in1843in the conversion of cane juice to crystallized sugar. Identify that person.
Norbert Reillieux
I rise I rise I rise.”
Maya Angelou (1928-) "Still I rise," And Still I Rise (1978)
There will always be men struggling to change, and there will always be those who are controlled by the past.
Ernest J. Gaines (1933-)
interview with John O'Brien in African American Writers (1991)
What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?
Langston Hughes (1902-1967)
No, I do not weep at the world—I am too busy sharpening my oyster knife.
Zora Neale Hurston (1901?-1960) "How It Feels to Be Colored Me" (1928)
American means white, and Africanist people struggle to make the term applicable to themselves with ethnicity and hyphen after hyphen after hyphen.
Toni Morrison (1931-) Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination (1992)
Defining myself, as opposed to being defined by others, is one of the most difficult challenges I face.
Carol Moseley-Braun (1947-) interview in The New Republic, November 15, 1993
And no fascist-minded people like you will drive me from it. Is that clear?
Paul Robeson (1898-1976) testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee, June 12, 1956
Black people have always been America's wilderness in search of a promised land.
Cornel West (1953-)"Nihilism in America," Race Matters (1993)
Which African-American is a Knoxville City Councilman and the Vice Mayor of Knoxville?
Mark Brown
What District does Knoxville’s African-American city council person represent?
The Sixth District
Which two are African-American County Commisioners?
Which was the first African American to serve as a Knox County School Board Member?
Sam Anderson
Which African-American is a State Representative from Knox County?
Joseph Armstrong
In 1969, who was the first African American elected to the Knoxville City Council since 1912?
Theotis Robinson, Jr.
Who was the first African American elected to the Knoxville School Board in 1969?
Who was the first African American from Knox County elected as State Legislator (1966)?
Robert J. Booker
Who was the first 20th century African American Knox County Court member (Commissioner)?
Boyd B. Browder
Who was the first African American to head a major department of Knoxville City Government?
Sam Anderson
Who is the African American Speaker ProTemp of the Tennessee General Assembly?
Lois DeBerry
Who was the first African American to head a major department in the Knox County Government?
Cynthia Finch
Who was the first African American appointed to the Tennessee Supreme Court?
Adolpho Birch, Jr.
What year did Dr. Martin Luther King speak at a Knoxville College Commencement?
When was the Beck Cultural Exchange Center founded?
Who was Knoxville’s first African American taxpayer in 1866?
James Mason
Who was the first African American school teacher in Knoxville in 1864?
Laura Scott Cansler
Who was the first African American Lawyer in 1872?
William F. Yardley
Who was the first African American Governor of the Virgin Islands in 1946?
Knoxville born William H. Hastie
William H. Hastie became the first African American Federal Judge in what year?
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