AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Rubenstien Flashcards

Lingua franca
Terms Definitions
Ebonics
a dialect spoken by some african americans
Franglais
the widespread use of english in the french language, A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of franfais and anglai." the French words for "French" and "English," respectively.
spanglish
Combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans.
Lingua Franca
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Pidgin language
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
accent
the manner in which people speak and the way words are pronounced in different parts of the world
dialect
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
extinct language
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.
ideogram
symbol that stands for a concept rather than a word
isogloss
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
isolated language
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
language branch
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
language
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
language group
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
language family
a collection of languages related to each other through a commmon ancestor long before recorded history
literary tradition
A language that is written as well as spoken
mono-linguality
Speaking only one language.
bi-linguality
Speaking two languages.
multi-linguality
Speaking several languages.
official language
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
orthography
the study of where languages are found/located
standard language
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
toponym
the name by which a geographical place is known
trade language
A language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other.
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
BRP
British Received Pronounciation. The dialect of English assosciated with upper class britons living in the london area now considered a standard,
creole
a language that results from the th mixing of a colonizer's langage with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Vulgar Latin
nonclassical Latin dialects spoken in the Roman Empire
Esperanto
A made-up Latin-based language, which its European proponents in the early twentieth century hoped would become a global language.
lingustics
study of language
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