# CFRN Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
 10 mmHg change in PaCO2 will cause what change in pH Inverse change in pH of 0.08 A 0.1 change in pH will cause what change in Potassium (K+) Inverse change in Potassium (K+) of 0.6 A 10 mmHg in PaCO2 will cause what change in Potassium A correlating change in Potassium (K+) of 0.5 Diastolic Heart Failure Ventricles fail to adequately fill prior to systole Systolic Heart Failure Ventricles fail to clear Graham's Law The rate of diffusion of a gas through a liquid medium is directy proportional to the solubility of the gas and inversely proportional to the square root of its density. Dalton's Law The total pressure of a gas mixture is the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture. Charles' Law At a constant pressure, the volume of gas is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. Gay-Lussac's Law The pressure of a fixed volume of gas is directly proportional to its temperature in kelvins. Henry's Law The quantity of gas dissolved in 1 ml of liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in contact with the liquid. Borh Effect In the presence of CO2, the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin decreases. Causing a right shift in the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve. Haldane Effect Deoxygenation of the blood increases its ability to carry carbon dioxide Conversely, oxygentated blood has a reduced capacity for carbon dioxide. Oxygen Adjustment Calculation (%IO2 x P1) = % IO2 needed ____________ P2 Pediatric Maintenance Fluids 4ml/kg for the first 10 kg 2ml/kg for the second 10 kg 1ml/kg for every kg after 20 10 mmHg change in PaCO2 will cause what change in pH Inverse change in pH of 0.08 A 0.1 change in pH will cause what change in Potassium (K+) Inverse change in Potassium (K+) of 0.6 A 10 mmHg in PaCO2 will cause what change in Potassium A correlating change in Potassium (K+) of 0.5 Diastolic Heart Failure Ventricles fail to adequately fill prior to systole Systolic Heart Failure Ventricles fail to clear Graham's Law The rate of diffusion of a gas through a liquid medium is directy proportional to the solubility of the gas and inversely proportional to the square root of its density. Dalton's Law The total pressure of a gas mixture is the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture. Charles' Law At a constant pressure, the volume of gas is directly proportional to the absolute temperature of the gas. Gay-Lussac's Law The pressure of a fixed volume of gas is directly proportional to its temperature in kelvins. Henry's Law The quantity of gas dissolved in 1 ml of liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of the gas in contact with the liquid. Borh Effect In the presence of CO2, the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin decreases. Causing a right shift in the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve. Haldane Effect Deoxygenation of the blood increases its ability to carry carbon dioxide Conversely, oxygentated blood has a reduced capacity for carbon dioxide. Oxygen Adjustment Calculation (%IO2 x P1) = % IO2 needed ____________ P2 Pediatric Maintenance Fluids 4ml/kg for the first 10 kg 2ml/kg for the second 10 kg 1ml/kg for every kg after 20 Chloride 99 - 111 meq/l Magnesium 1.8 - 2.4 Creatnine 0.6 - 1.3 Serum Sodium 137 - 150 Hematocrit Male: 42 - 52 Female: 37 - 47 Hemoglobin Male: 14 - 18 Female: 12 - 16 RBC Male: 4.7 - 6.1 Female: 4.2 - 5.4 Platelets 150 - 450 Ionized Calcium 4.7 - 5.1 Serum Calcium 8.5 - 10.2 Potassium 3.5 - 5.0 BUN 10 - 23 Brown-Sequard Syndrome Hemisection of the cord Ipsilateral loss of pain, motor, + vibratory sense. Contralateral loss of pain + temperature perception. Central Cord Syndrome Greater motor weakness in upper extremities than in lower extremities with varying degrees of sensory loss. Anterior Cord Syndrome Complete motor, pain, + temporary loss below the lesion with sparing of proprioception, vibration, + touch. Variable FHR Decelartions Cord Compression Late FHR Decelartions Uteroplacental insufficiency - inadequate oxygenation exchange within the placenta during contraction. Sinusoidal FHR Fetal hypovolemia or anemia Immediate delivery FHR Bradycardia FHR < 120 for 5 - 10 minutes Pulmonary Cappillary Wedge Pressure 5 - 12 mmHg PA Cath Pressures Systolic = 20 - 30 mmHg Diastolic = 5 - 10 mmHg CFRN Review Certified Flight Registered Nurse
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