Intro to World Religions DSST - Hinduism Flashcards

Terms Definitions
What is Jnana Yoga?
A. The way to god through knowledge
B. The way to god through love
C. The way to god through work
D. The way to god through psychophysical exercises
A. Jnana Yoga is the way to god through knowledge. Thought to be the fastest and hardest way to get to god. Seeks complete oneness with god.
What is Bhakti Yoga?
A. The way to god through knowledge
B. The way to god through love
C. The way to god through work
D. The way to god through physical exercises
B. Bhakti Yoga is the way to god though love. Most popular. Seeks to adore god rather than oneness with god. Will choose one image, ishta, of god to worship.
What is Karma Yoga?
A. The way to god through knowledge
B. The way to god through love
C. The way to god through work
D. The way to god through physical exercises
C. Karma Yoga is the way to god through work. Doesn't work for the reward, but only as an offering to god.
What is Raja Yoga?
A. The way to god through knowledge
B. The way to god through love
C. The way to god through work
D. The way to god through physical exercises
D. Raja Yoga is the way to god through psychophysical exercises. Typically seen as an American yoga (sitting in the lotus position meditating)
Hinduism is the...
A. 4th largest religion
B. 2nd largest religion
C. 3rd largest religion
D. 5th largest religion
C. 3rd largest religion
Hindus worship a chosen ideal or image of god known as a(n)
A. Veda
B. Ishta
C. Arati
D. Puja
B. Ishta
The scriptures that are considered to be revealed to us by the gods are called
A. Shramana
B. Smriti
C. Sruti
D. Dharma
C. Sruti (also Shruti) - includes the Vedas and some of the Upanishads
The true spiritual self or soul is known as the
A. ātman
B. Samsāra
C. Moksha
D. Puja
A. Atman
The Grihastha Dharma recognize 4 goals known as the puruṣhārthas. They are:
A. Viveka, Vairagya, Marga & Sudra
B. Dama, Uparati, Titiksha & Shraddha
C. Samadhana, Mumukshutva, Mantra & Koan
D. Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha
D. Kama, Artha, Dharma & Moksha
Sannyasin Dharma focuses on one puruṣhārtha, and although recognizes the others it also renounces them. Which puruṣhārtha does Sannyasin Dharma focus on?
A. Kama
B. Artha
C. Dharma
D. Moksha
D. Moksha
Kama is the goal of
A. Liberation from the cycle of Samsara
B. Material prosperity and success
C. Sensual pleasure and enjoyment
D. Correct action, in accordance with one's particular duty and scriptural laws
C. Sensual pleasure and enjoyment
Artha is the goal of
A. Correct action, in accordance with one's particular duty and scriptural laws
B. Sensual pleasure and enjoyment
C. Liberation from the cycle of Samsara
D. Material prosperity and success
D. Material prosperity and success
Dharma is the goal of
A. Liberation from the cycle of Samsara
B. Material prosperity and success
C. Sensual pleasure and enjoyment
D. Correct action, in accordance with one's particular duty and scriptural laws
D. Correct action, in accordance with one's particular duty and scriptural laws
Moksha is the goal of
A. Correct action, in accordance with one's particular duty and scriptural laws
B. Sensual pleasure and enjoyment
C. Liberation from the cycle of Samsara
D. Material prosperity and success
C. Liberation from the cycle of Samsara
Classical Hindu thought accepts two main life-long dharmas:
A. Grihastha & Sannyasin
B. Bhakti & Karma
C. Viveka and Vairagya
D. Raja & Vaishya
A. Grihastha & Sannyasin
Time on earth is thought to be cyclical and go through stages called
A. Gurus
B. Yugas
C. Ashramas
D. Sadhus
B. Yugas
The first yuga is called
A. Krta yuga
B. Treta yuga
C. Dvapara yuga
D. Kali yuga
A. Krta yuga – the golden age in which there is a unity of all things. Started by Brahma and as it worsens Vishnu takes over.
The second yuga is called
A. Kali yuga
B. Dvapara yuga
C. Krta yuga
D. Treta yuga
D. Treta yuga - righteousness begins its inevitable decline and is still controlled by Vishnu
The third yuga is called
A. Krta yuga
B. Treta yuga
C. Dvapara yuga
D. Kali yuga
C. Dvapara yuga – righteousness declines further and the Vedas becomes split (still controlled by Vishnu)
The fourth yuga is called
A. Kali yuga
B. Dvapara yuga
C. Krta yuga
D. Treta yuga
A. Kali yuga – despair and disease begin to dominate life
The stages of life are known as
A. Sannyasas
B. Ashramas
C. Shaktis
D. Tantras
B. Ashramas
Ashramas are only for men and exclude women and people from the Sudra caste.
True or False
True
The first Ashrama begins at 12, involves learning and is called
A. Grihastha
B. Brahmacharya
C. Vānaprastha
D. Sannyasa
B. Brahmacharya. The first part of one's life, Brahmacharya, the stage as a student, is spent in celibate, controlled, sober and pure contemplation under the guidance of a Guru, building up the mind for spiritual knowledge.
The second Ashrama begins at 24, involves having a family and is called
A. Sannyasa
B. Grihastha
C. Vānaprastha
D. Brahmacharya
B. Grihastha. Grihastha is the householder's stage, in which one marries and satisfies kāma and artha in one's married and professional life respectively
The third Ashrama occurs typically after the first granchild has been born and is called
A. Grihastha
B. Brahmacharya
C. Vānaprastha
D. Sannyasa
C. Vānaprastha. Vānaprastha, the retirement stage, is gradual detachment from the material world. This may involve giving over duties to one's children, spending more time in religious practices and embarking on holy pilgrimages.
The fourth Ashrama attempts to become as detached from normal life and others as possible. This Ashrama is known as
A. Sannyasa
B. Grihastha
C. Vānaprastha
D. Brahmacharya
A. Sannyasa. Those in this stage are known as Sannyasins. In Sannyāsa, the stage of asceticism, one renounces all worldly attachments to secludedly find the Divine through detachment from worldly life and peacefully shed the body for Moksha.
Hindu society has traditionally been categorized into four classes, called
A. Sanyasi
B. Swami
C. Sadhu
D. Varnas
D. Varnas
In the Varnas (caste) system the priests are known as the
A. Brahmins
B. Kshatriyas
C. Vaishyas
D. Shudras
E. Harijans
A. Brahmins - teachers and priests
In the Varnas (caste) system the warriors, nobles, and kings are known as the
A. Shudras
B. Vaishyas
C. Kshatriyas
D. Harijans
E. Brahmins
C. Kshatriyas - warriors, nobles, and kings
In the Varnas (caste) system the farmers, merchants, and businessmen are known as the
A. Brahmins
B. Kshatriyas
C. Vaishyas
D. Shudras
E. Harijans
C. Vaishyas - the farmers, merchants, and businessmen
In the Varnas (caste) system the servants and labourers are known as the
A. Kshatriyas
B. Brahmins
C. Harijans
D. Shudras
E. Vaishyas
E. Vaishyas - servants and labourers
In the some Varnas (caste) systems the untouchables are known as the
A. Kshatriyas
B. Brahmins
C. Harijans
D. Shudras
E. Vaishyas
C. Harijans. Other castes systems include them with the Sudras
What class of the Varna is not thought to be twice born or born again?
A. Kshatriyas
B. Brahmins
C. Vaishyas
D. Shudras
D. Shudras
Which Veda is considered the oldest?
A. Sama-Veda
B. Yajur-Veda
C. Rig-Veda
D. Atharva-Veda
C. Rig-Veda
The Vedic rite of fire oblation (offering to a god) is called
A. Shraadh
B. Yajna
C. Annaprashan
D. Upanayanam
B. Yajna
The Hindu celebration of a baby's first intake of solid food is called
A. Shraadh
B. Yajna
C. Annaprashan
D. Upanayanam
C. Annaprashan
The "sacred thread ceremony" undergone by upper-caste children at their initiation into formal education is called
A. Shraadh
B. Yajna
C. Annaprashan
D. Upanayanam
D. Upanayanam
The ritual of treating people to feasts in the name of the deceased is called
A. Shraadh
B. Yajna
C. Annaprashan
D. Upanayanam
A. Shraadh
Diyas (oil lamps) are often lit during the festival of lights which is known as
A. Diwali/Divali
B. Holi
C. Disehra
D. Maha Shivaratri
A. Diwali/Divali
The most popular Hindu festival is celebrated in February/March; dedicated to Krishna; once a fertility ceremony; celebrates the destruction of demons; caste and taboo restrictions are set aside and pleasure is emphasized. This is known as the __________
B. Holi
The most sacred river in India is known as the
A. Brahmaputra
B. Mahanadi
C. Godavari
D. Ganges
D. Ganges
The festival held for 9 or 10 days in October that celebrates the victory of Durga (a consort of Shiva and metaphor for Shakti) over a Buffalo demon is called
A. Dassara
B. Dasehra
C. Navratri
D. Durga Puja
E. All of the above
E. All of the above
The festival that is on the 13th/14th night of Krishna Paksha is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael (Bilva) leaves to the Lord Shiva, all day fasting and an all night long vigil. What is this festival called?
A. Ganesh Tathurti
B. Krishna Janmast
C. Maha Shivaratri
A celebration of the Hindu god Rama's birthday is called
A. Ganesh Tathurti
B. Krishna Janmastami
C. Maha Shivaratri
D. Ram Navami
D. Ram Navami - he is the 7th incarnation of Vishnu
During the festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, clay pots are filled with butter and curd and are broken by boys stacked in giant pyramids. What is this festival called?
A. Ganesh Tathurti
B. Krishna Janmastami
C. Maha Shivaratri
D. Ram Navami
B. Krishna Janmastami - also known as "Krishnashtami", "Saatam Aatham", "Gokulashtami", "Ashtami Rohini", "Srikrishna Jayanti", "Sree Jayanthi" or sometimes merely as "Janmashtami".
A day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees is known as the festival of
A. Ganesh Chathurti
B. Krishna Janmastami
C. Maha Shivaratri
D. Ram Navami
A. Ganesh Chathurti. Also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi
Believed to be the son of Shiva and Pavarti, Ganesh/Ganesha/Ganesa has the head of a(n)
A. Tiger
B. Cobra
C. Elephant
D. Lion
E. Rhinoceros
C. Elephant
Who is thought to be the god or lord of beginnings and obstacles?
A. Ganesh/Ganesha/Ganesa
B. Vishnu
C. Brahma
D. Shiva
A. Ganesh/Ganesha/Ganesa
The continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth is called
A. Sudra
B. Karma
C. Moksha
D. Samsara
D. Samsara
The term regarding action and subsequent reaction that lasts from samsara to samsara is called
A. Karma
B. Moksha
C. Shramana
D. Arati
A. Karma
The most famous flower in Hinduism is the
A. Lily
B. Lotus
C. Lilac
D. Loropetulum
B. Lotus. It is also associated with the creation mythology.
In Hinduism the term for illusion (which is what all of life is thought to be) is
A. Sudra
B. Bindhi
C. Maya
D. Tilaka
C. Maya
What famous Indian musical instrument is a traditional Hindu symbol associated with arts and learning?
A. Veena/Vina
B. Ektar
C. Katho
D. Sitar
A. Veena/Vina
What is a major Hindu article of prayer, used as a trumpeting announcement of all sorts?
A. Horn
B. Elephant tusk
C. Conch Shell
D. Rhinoceros horn
C. Conch Shell
What disc-like weapon of Vishnu is often found mounted on the top of Vaishnava temples or incorporated into architectural designs?
A. Nirvana
B. Maya
C. Karma
D. Chakra
D. Chakra
The term referring to liberation from samsara/reincarnation is
A. Moksha
B. Karma
C. Maya
D. Nirvana
A. Moksha
In Hinduism or Buddhism, the ritual daily devotion involving offering of food and drink and prayers to a deity is called
A. Karma
B. Maya
C. Puja
D. Nirvana
C. Puja
The ethics and duties that people in the Vedas (castes) are bound to are known as
A. Nirvana
B. Dharma
C. Chakra
D. Moksha
B. Dharma
A Japanese question with no answer, such as what is the sound of one hand clapping or is a sound created if a tree falls in the forest, is known as a
A. Koan
B. Samsara
C. Zen
D. Mantra
A. Koan
Individual souls are known as
A. Maya
B. Atman
C. Dharma
D. Jivas
D. Jivas. Atman is known as the soul or the spiritual self, but individual souls are known as jivas.
The most sacred saying in Hinduism is
A. Om
B. Hum
C. Um
D. Am
A. Om
The first and most important of the Vedic books is the
A. Yajur-Veda
B. Rig-Veda
C. Arthava-Veda
D. Sama-Veda
B. Rig-Veda
The second Vedic book is mostly a collection of materials to be recited during sacrifice to the gods and is named
A. Sama-Veda
B. Arthava-Veda
C. Rig-Veda
D. Yajur-Veda
D. Yajur-Veda
The third Vedic book is a collection of verses from the basic hymns recited by priests at sacrifices and is called
A. Yajur-Veda
B. Rig-Veda
C. Arthava-Veda
D. Sama-Veda
D. Sama-Veda
The fourth Vedic book, second in importance only to the Rig-Veda, contains rituals to be used in the home and popular prayers to the gods, along with spells and incantations to ward off evil. It is called
A. Yajur-Veda
B. Rig-Veda
C. Arthava-Veda
D. Sama-
C. Arthava-Veda
Each of the Vedic book is made up of four parts. The section of hymns is known as the
A. Aranyakas
B. Brahamanas
C. Mantras
D. Upanishads
C. Mantras
Each of the Vedic book is made up of four parts. The section containing the ritual materials is known as the
A. Aranyakas
B. Brahamanas
C. Mantras
D. Upanishads
B. Brahamanas
Each of the Vedic book is made up of four parts. The section for hermits in their religious pursuits is known as the
A. Aranyakas
B. Brahamanas
C. Mantras
D. Upanishads
A. Aranyakas. They contain discussions and interpretations of dangerous rituals (to be studied outside the settlement) and various sorts of additional materials. They are thought by some to be "Forest Materials/Treaties" and used be ascetics - this is debatable though.
Each of the Vedic book is made up of four parts. The part considered to be philosophical is called the
A. Aranyakas
B. Brahamanas
C. Mantras
D. Upanishads
D. Upanishads. While the other material is polytheistic, the Upanishads operate from a monistic presupposition.
In the epic Indian poem, Bhagavad Gita, the warrior Ajuna has a conversation with his charioteer, Krishna. Krishna is believed to be the avatar of the god
A. Shiva
B. Brahma
C. Vishnu
D. Shakti
C. Vishnu
The god who is thought to have created the world is
A. Shiva
B. Brahma
C. Vishnu
B. Brahma
The god who is thought to be the preserver and is seen as loving, benevolent and forgiving is
A. Shiva
B. Brahma
C. Vishnu
C. Vishnu
The god of death, destruction, disease, dance, reproduction, and sexuality is
A. Shiva
B. Brahma
C. Vishnu
A. Shiva
How does Hinduism explain the Buddha?
A. He was a demon in disguise.
B. He was a foolish Brahmin who thought he could cheat karma.
C. He smoked too many lotus seeds.
D. He never existed
E. He was one of the avatars of Vishnu.
E. He was one of the avatars of Vishnu.
The ancient Vedic texts were written in what language?
A. Sanskrit
B. Punjabi
C. Hebrew
D. Hindi
E. Urdu
A. Sanskrit
Which Hindu caste is strictly vegetarian?
A. Brahmin - priest caste
B. Kshatriya - warrior caste
C. Vaishya - artisan caste
D. Shudra - laborer caste
A. Brahmin - priest caste
Which of these is not a part of the Hindu Trinity?
A. Shiva
B. Vritra
C. Brahma
D. Vishnu
B. Vritra
Who was Arjuna's charioteer?
A. Pandu
B. Krishna
C. Yudhishthira
D. Judah Ben-Hur
E. Drona
B. Krishna
Which of these people was not a Hindu leader?
A. Subhas Chandra Bose
B. Mahatma Gandhi
C. Jawaharlal Nehru
D. Guru Nanak
E. Rammohun Roy
D. Guru Nanak
The bindi, a decorative mark upon the forehead that has been sported by Madonna and other born-again/second born Hindus, symbolizes:
A. The Third Eye
B. Marriage
C. Chastity
D. Platinum Sales in Asia
B. Marriage. In modern times, the bindi has become a decorative item and is worn by unmarried as well as non-Hindu women, in India, Bangladesh and other countries of South Asia.
The sacred Hindu text also known as the Divine Song is:
A. Upanishads
B. Mahabharata
C. The Bhagavad Gita
D. Ramayana
C. The Bhagavad Gita
Some Hindus consider Krishna, Rama and Buddha to be avatars, or incarnations, of:
A. Shiva
B. Agni
C. Vishnu
D. Brahma
C. Vishnu
As a young child, Krishna (avatar of Vishnu) was extremely naughty and loved to eat:
A. Bugs
B. Butter
C. Beef
D. Twinkies
B. Butter
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