CH 16, Supplementation (NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness, 3rd Edition) Flashcards

Vitamin
Terms Definitions
Which mineral(s) should NOT be included as a dietary supplement?
- COBALT (except as vitamin B12 - cobalamin)
- GERMANIUM
Which mineral(s) should NOT be included as a dietary supplement?
p. 455 (NASM)
Excess _____ can cause birth defects when a woman takes excess amounts at conception or during early pregnancy.
VITAMIN A (as retinol) - NOT as beta carotene
Excess _____ can cause birth defects when a woman takes excess amounts at conception or during early pregnancy.
Usually indicated on label as retinyl palmitate or Vitamin A palmitate.

pp. 453, 458 (NASM)
What concerns/issues are linked to ingesting excess amounts of Vitamin A?
AS RETINOL:
* increased instance of HIP FRACTURES in older women
* increased risk of BIRTH DEFECTS if taken at conception or during early pregnancy

AS BETA CAROTENE:
* increased instance of lung cancer in smokers (in some studies)
What concerns/issues are linked to ingesting excess amounts of Vitamin A?
pp. 453, 458 (NASM)
Excess intake of _____ can interfere with absorbing other minerals and can cause gastrointestinal irritation.
IRON
Excess intake of _____ can interfere with absorbing other minerals and can cause gastrointestinal irritation.
p. 453 (NASM)
What can interfere with folic acid function when taken in large doses?
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS (such as ibuprofen or aspirin)
What can interfere with folic acid function when taken in large doses?
p. 453 (NASM)
Excess and inadequate intake of which mineral can increase the risk of developing kidney stones?
CALCIUM
Excess and inadequate intake of which mineral can increase the risk of developing kidney stones?
p. 453 (NASM)
Supplementation with ______ or _____ can complicate conditions for those on anticoagulant therapy (blood thinners).
VITAMIN E
VITAMIN K
Supplementation with ______ or _____ can complicate conditions for those on anticoagulant therapy (blood thinners).
p. 453 (NASM)
True or False?
When no UL has been establish for a nutrient, it means that there are no potentially harmful effects.
FALSE
True or False?
When no UL has been establish for a nutrient, it means that there are no potentially harmful effects.
It means that there is too little information currently available.

p. 453 (NASM)
The use of various drugs can ________ the use of specific nutrient supplements (or foods high in that nutrient).
CONTRAINDICATE
The use of various drugs can ________ the use of specific nutrient supplements (or foods high in that nutrient).
To indicate the inadvisability of (a medical treatment, for example)

p. 453 (NASM)
Upper Intake Level (UL) values are set for each nutrient except for ______ and ______.
VITAMIN E
MAGNESIUM
Upper Intake Level (UL) values are set for each nutrient except for ______ and ______.
ULs for these nutrients are set from supplements or pharmacological sources only.

p. 453 (NASM)
What law established new regulations that apply to dietary supplements (separate from food and drugs)?
The DSHEA (Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act) - 1994
What law established new regulations that apply to dietary supplements (separate from food and drugs)?
p. 450 (NASM)
Why might some diets NOT contain adequate nutrients? (Name 5 of 8)
- JUNK FOODS
- SPECIFIC FOOD GROUPS AVOIDED
- ONE MAJOR MEAL DAILY
- IRREGULAR EATING PATTERNS
- TOO MUCH/LITTLE PROTEIN OR CARBOHYDRATES
- FOOD PHOBIAS
- PICKY EATING
- FINANCIAL LIMITATIONS
Why might some diets NOT contain adequate nutrients? (Name 5 of 8)
p. 450 (NASM)
A dietary substance intended to supplement the diet by increasing the total daily intake is called a ...
DIETARY SUPPLEMENT
A dietary substance intended to supplement the diet by increasing the total daily intake is called a ...
A product (other than tobacco) intended to supplement the diet and that bears or contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients:
- a vitamin
- a mineral
- an herb or other botanical
- an amino acid

p. 450 (NASM)
The highest average daily nutrient intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
TOLERABLE UPPER INTAKE LIMIT (UL)
The highest average daily nutrient intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
As intake increases above the UL, the potential risk of adverse health effects increases.

p. 452 (NASM)
A recommended average daily nutrient intake level, based on observed approximations or estimates of nutrient intake that are assumed to be adequate for a group of healthy people.
ADEQUATE INTAKE (AI)
A recommended average daily nutrient intake level, based on observed approximations or estimates of nutrient intake that are assumed to be adequate for a group of healthy people.
This measure is used when an RDA cannot be determined.

p. 452 (NASM)
The average daily nutrient intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group.
RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCE (RDA)
The average daily nutrient intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group.
p. 452 (NASM)
Which nutrients have the greatest potential for excess dosage in dietary supplements?
- VITAMIN A
- VITAMIN D
- IRON
- ZINC
Which nutrients have the greatest potential for excess dosage in dietary supplements?
p. 460 (NASM)
The DVs (% Daily Values) have (changed/not changed) since 1968, at the request of the food industry.
NOT CHANGED
The DVs (% Daily Values) have (changed/not changed) since 1968, at the request of the food industry.
The DVs for vitamins and minerals are based on the 1968 RDAs for adults.

p. 457 (NASM)
Which supplements are expressed in terms of international units (IUs)?
- VITAMIN A
- VITAMIN D
- VITAMIN E
Which supplements are expressed in terms of international units (IUs)?
May also be expressed in micrograms.

p. 457 (NASM)
"Supplement Facts" labels must contain what information?
- Nutrient amounts in milligrams or micrograms (or IUs)
- % Daily Value
"Supplement Facts" labels must contain what information?
p. 457 (NASM)
The average daily nutrient intake level that is estimated to meet the requirement of half the healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group.
ESTIMATED AVERAGE REQUIREMENT (EAR)
The average daily nutrient intake level that is estimated to meet the requirement of half the healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group.
p. 452 (NASM)
What vitamin deficiency is often mistaken for dementias or Alzheimer's disease in older people?
VITAMIN B12

Symptoms can be reversed if supplementation is begun early.
What vitamin deficiency is often mistaken for dementias or Alzheimer's disease in older people?
Correcting the deficiency WILL PREVENT further progression of the problems and potentially cause some reversal of symptoms.

p. 459 (NASM)
What is the usual method when treating for a Vitamin B12 deficiency and why?
INJECTION (monthly)

Because of malabsorption
What is the usual method when treating for a Vitamin B12 deficiency and why?
p. 459 (NASM)
/ 46
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online