68WM6 Ph1 Intro to Pharmacology-Medical Administration Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Define Pharmacology
Study of the preparation, properties, uses, and actions of drugs on the human body.
List all the Drug Categories
1)Prescription, 2)Non-prescription, 3)Controlled Substances.
Designation of Perscriptions
Designated potentially harmful unless their use is supervised by a licensed health care professional.
Largest Category of drugs
Perscriptions
Designation of Non-Perscription Drugs
Safe and obtained without a prescription.
Non-Perscription Drugs are also known as (AKA)
Over-the-Coounter drugs or (OTC)
Designation of Controlled Substances
Drugs that have a high possibility for abuse or addiction.
Define Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act
Regulates the manufacture, distribution and dispensation of drugs that have the potential for abuse.
Put the Schedules of Controlled Sustances in order from least to worst possibility for abuse.
Schedule V- Low abuse potential Schedule IV-Limited dependency potential Schedule III-Moderate to Low physical or high psychological dependence. Schedule II-May lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Schedule I-High abuse potential.
Define Schedule V
Low abuse potential. Examples:Small amount narcotics(codiene), anti-tussive(cough medicine), or anti-diarrheals
Define Schedule IV
Limited dependency potential. Examples:Sedatives, anxiety agents, or non-narcotic analgesics
Define Schedule III
Moderate to Low physical or high psychological dependence Examples: Nonbarbiturate sedatives, nonamphetamine stimulates, limited amounts of certain narcotics(anabolic steroids & Tylenol w/ codeine)
Define Schedule II
May lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. Examples: Narcotics (morphine, codiene, Stimulants (amphetamines, cocaine), Depressants(barbiturates, benzodiazepines)
Define Schedule I
High abuse potential. No current accepted medical use. Examples: Heroin, Marijuana, LSD
List all the Drug Names
1)Chemical, 2)Generic, and 3)Trade
Define Chemical Name
Description of the chemical composition and molecular structure of the drug.
The drug names that are not capitalized.
Chemical Name, Generic Name
The drug name that is primarily only used by a chemist and rarely used in clinical practice.
Chemical Name
Define Generic Name
Assigned by the manufacturer that first developes the drug before it becomes official.
The drug name that is frequently used in hospital settings.
Generic Name
Define Trade Name
Brand name given to the drug by the manufacturer.
The drug name that's first letter is always capitalized.
Trade Name
The drug name more commonly used in the community.
Trade Name
The drug name that is usually followed by a trademark symbol.
Trade Name
List all the Drug Classifications
1)Clinical Indication, 2)Mechanism of Action, and 3)Body System.
Define Drug Classifications
Systematically classified into a reasonable number of drug groups on the basis of chemical, oharmacologic, or therapeutic, relatedness.
Define Clinical Indication
Therapeutic. (Example: Antacids, Antibiotics, Antihypertensives, diuretics, Laxatives.)
Define Mechanism of Action
Pharmacologic. (Example: Anti-cholinergics, Beta-adrenergic blockers, Calcium-channel blockers, Cholinergics)
List the Body Systems
Central nervous systems, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal system.
Define Absorption
Passage of medical molecules into the blood from its site of administration.
List the factors that influence absorption
1)Route of administration, 2)Ability of the medication to dissolve, 3)Blood flow to the site of administration, 4)Body surface area, 5) Lipid solubility of medication.
List the different methods of drug administration from fastest to slowest.
1)Intravenous, 2)Intramuscular, 3)Subcutaneous, and 4)Oral Route (GI)
What angle do you inject an intramuscular(IM) route injection?
90 degrees
What angle do you inject an Subcutaneous(SQ,SC) route injection?
45 degrees
What angle do you inject an Intradermal(ID) route injection?
25 degrees
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