Quiz EC-4 Generalist Flashcards

_____ stage
Terms Definitions
______refers to the sounds of language.
Phonology
_____ is the basic unit of sound.
Phonemes
_______ is the set of rules for combining sounds i
Morphology
The smallest units of meaning in a language are ca
Morphemes
_______ refers to the structure of a phrase or sen
Syntax
______refers to the meanings of words and phrases.
Semantics
______consists of rules for effective communicatio
Pragmatics
What is the first developmental stage in acquiring
Phonological Development
Cooing (simple vowel sounds), babbling (adding vow
Phonological Development
Early talkers tend to use one word at a time. Eac
Semantic Development
Overregularization (treating irregular forms accor
Grammatical Development
At this stage of oral language development childre
Pragmatic Development
The ability to understand a message, sensitivity t
Receptive Language
The ability to express oneself in language - to pr
Expressive Language
1. Reading to Children2. Share reading3. Songs4.
Oral Language Skills
This type of listening is used to understand and e
Critical Listening
What type of listening is used to appreciate and e
Listening for Appreciation
What type of listening is a way of focusing attent
Active Listening
1. Have students retell simple stories2. Have st
Active Listening
What term refers to the ability to notice and thin
Phonological Awareness
The consants at the beginning of a syllable are re
Onset
The consonants the follow the onset consonats of a
rime
_____are basic units of sound in language./b/ /a/
Phonemes
The ability to identify the phonemes that make up
Phonemic awareness
_____ referes to repetition of sounds at the ends
Rhyming
____ refers to the repetion of sounds in stressed
Alliteration
____ the combination of individual sounds, as when
Blending
____ is the division of words into sounds, as when
Segmentation
______ and ______ awareness are prerequisites for
Phonological and Phonemic awareness are prerequisi
1. clapping along with syllables (Motor activities
phonological and phonemic awareness
The idea that there are consistent relationships b
Alphabetic principle
The letter or letters that represent a phoneme is
Grapheme
1. Songs, rhymes and storytelling, alphabet song.
Letter/sound relationships
_____ literacy includes children's earliest effort
Emergent Literacy
The understanding of the nature of print, the func
Print Awareness
The written text that is observalbe in one's surro
Environmental Print
_____ ________ refers to the recognition of writt
Word Analysis
_____ _____ are recognized instantly, without anal
Sight Words
_____ refers to the recognition of how written wor
Decoding
______ _______ is when children are able to identi
Phonic Analysis
______ are pairs of adjacent vowels that are both
Dipthongs
______ ______ are pairs of adjacent consonants th
Consonant Blends
______ are pairs of adjacent vowels or consonants
Digraphs
1. Direct Instruction2. Modeling 3. Guided Pract
Word-Analysis
______ texts are written materials that reflect th
Decodable
______ analysis consists of the identification of
Structural
_____ words (roots) are the primary source of mean
Base
Fluency involves what 3 elements?
Rate, accuracy, & intonation
Children in the _____ fluency stage have the abili
pre reading
The ______ fluency reading stage, or decoding stag
Initial
The ____ fluency stage of reading is the time that
Fluency
The ______ to _______ fluency stage is when studen
Reading to Learn
1. Effective modeling2. Repeated reading3. Oral
Fluency
______ ______ refers to the reconstructin of the m
Reading Comprehension
_____ are clusters of ideas about objects.
Schemata
Literal ComprehensionInferential ComprehensionEval
Levels of Comprehension
______ comprehension refers to the understanding o
Literal Comprehension
_____ comprehension is teh understanding of inform
Inferential Comprehension
______ comprehension refers to the ability to use
Evaluative Comprehension
Right ThereThink and SearchAuthor and YouOn your o
Question -Answer Relationships (QARs)
Questions that students can answer from informatio
Right There
Question that require looking at information in a
Think and Search
Comprehension questions that require the student t
Author and You
Comprehension questions that call for evaluative r
On your own
When a teacher activates and develops schemata by
Directed Reading activity (DRA)
In this activity to help student monitor and impro
DR-TA Directed Reading-Thinking Activity
What does KWL teaching model stand for?
What I know, What I WANT to learn, What I LEARNED
A _____ ______ is a graphc representation of the e
Story Map
What is a category that is used to classify a lite
Genre
FictionFolklorePoetryDramaNonfictionThese are exam
Genre
Setting,CharacterizationPlotStyleThemeThe above ar
Elements
Survey - Survey the Title, headings, intro materia
SQ3R
What are the 4 types of graphs?
Picture, Bar, line and Pie charts
Note TakingOutlinesGraphic OrganizersThe above are
Summarize and Organize
_____ refers to the nature and use of written symb
Orthography
1. Precommunicative Stage2. Prephonemic Stage3.
Spelling
This stage of the development of spelling consists
Precommunicative Stage
In this stage of development of spelling letters a
Phonemic Stage
In this stage of development of spelling students
Phonemic Stage
In this stage development of spelling the children
Transitional Stage
In this stage of development of spelling the child
Conventional Stage
In reading a book if the student pronounces 95% or
Independent
When reading a book a student pronounces 90-94% of
Instructional
When a student can read material on their own with
Independent
When material is challenging to the student and th
Instructional
When reading if the student pronounces less than 5
Frustration
Materials that are too difficult for a student to
Frustration
This stage of Piaget's stages of cognitive develop
Sensorimotor Stage
This stage in Piaget's stages of cognitive develop
Pre-Operational
According to Piaget's stages of cognitive developm
Concrete Operational
According to Piaget's stages of cognitive developm
Formal Operational
Even numbers are divisible by ____ and odd numbers
2, not
What type of numbers have no factos other than one
Prime
What type of numbers have factors other than one a
Composite
Is 1 a prime number or a composite number?
Neither
5+3=3+5This is an example of the _____ property of
Commutative
7x9=9x7This is an exapmple of the ______ property
Commutative
(4+2) +3= 4+ (2+3)The above is an example of the _
Associative
(6x8)x2=6x(8x2)The above is an exapmle of the ____
Associative
a number + 0 = the numberThe above is an example o
Additive identity
A number x 1 = the numberThis is an example of the
multiplicative identity
a number x 0 = 0The above is an example of the ___
Zero
2 (4 + 3) = 2 x 4 + 2 x 3 and 2 x 4 + 2 x 3 = 2(4+
Distributive
The ability to connect what is seen with various b
Body-eye coordination
The ability to identify a figure surrounded by a c
Ground-figure perception
The ability to recognize objects in space, regardl
Perceptual Constancy
The ability to compare location of oneself with an
Position - in - Space
The ability to relate objects in space to one anot
Preception of Spatial Relationships
The ability to compare and contrast objects is whi
Visual discrimination
The ability to remember object that cannot be seen
Visual Memory
In the _____ stage of learning geometry children r
Visualization
In the _____ stage of learning geometry children d
Analysis
In the _____ stage of learning geometry children
Informal Deduction
In the _____ stage of learning geometry children w
Deduction
In the _____ stage of learning geometry children w
Rigor
______ geometry, a system of geometry, deals with
Topological
______ geometry, a system of geometry, involves th
Euclidean
______ geometry, a system of geometry, places two-
Coordinate
______ geometry, a system of geometry, involves mo
Transformational
Two figures are ______ if they match up exactly in
Congruent
____ figures have sides that are proportional from
Similar
Sliding a figure from one place to another is illu
Translation
Turning one figure illustrates which geometrical p
rotation
When an object is flipped it illustrates which geo
Reflection
When an object is expanded that illustrates which
Expansion
When an object is reduced that illustrates which g
Contractions
KiloHectodekamaterdecicentimilliThe above is...
The metric measurements
Kyle hurriedly drew meals during class MondayWhat
The rhyme to remember the metric units
Converting from one unit to another move the decim
The formula to convert for metric
The likelihood of an event based on chance is what
Mathematical
The likelihood that an event will occur based upon
Historical
The average of values is called the _____.
Mean
The middle value in a set of numbers is called ___
Median
The value that appears the most in a set of number
Mode
The ____ is found by subtracting the smallest valu
Range
An ____ is a number that that is far from the othe
Outlier
In this teaching method teachers ask and then help
Inquiry Teaching
A _____ unit plays an important role in social stu
Thematic
Spanish Texas (1519-1821)Mexican Independence (182
Major Reference Points in Texas History
_____ sources of information consist of actual rec
Primary
_____ sources of information consist of descriptio
Secondary
The study of the earth and its inhabitants is ____
Geography
_____ geography concerns the physical environment.
Physical
_____ geography focuses on the relationships betwe
Cultural
_____, one of the 5 themes that organize the teach
Geography
_____, one of the 5 themes that organize the teach
Place
_____, one of the 5 themes that organize the teach
Relationships within Places
_____, one of the 5 themes that organize the teach
Movement
_____, one of the 5 themes that organize the teach
Regions
1. Great Plains2. Coast Plains3. Trans-Pecos - Bi
geographic, Texas
_____ is the branch of geology that concerns the s
Tectonics
The theory of ____ _____ holds that the earth's cr
Plate tectonics
_____ is the breaking down of physical material.
Weathering
_____ is the breaking down and removal of phyusica
Erosion
_____ is the branch of earth science that concerns
Meteorology
______ is the average weather conditions over rela
Climate
______ is the atmospheric conditions over a short
Weather
TroposphereStratosphereMesosphereThermosphereExosp
atmosphere
_____ _______ is the transmissions of objects idea
Cultural diffusion
_____ is when one society adopts a great deal of a
Acculturation
The study of how society maintains order through g
Civics
____ of _____ is a fundamental to democratic socie
Rule of Law
The document that consists of 4 parts and states t
Declaration of Independence
The document that contains our nation's fundamenta
The Constitution
The _____ __ ______ was ratified by all states in
Articles of Confederation
The first 3 articles of the Constitution establish
Separation of Powers
What are the 3 main branches of government as defi
legislative, executive and judicial branches
Which articles of the constitution outline the rul
The first 3
Which article of the constitution describes the re
The 4th
Which article of the constitution identifies the p
The 5th
Which article of the constitution promises to hon
The 6th
The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are re
Bill of Rights
The ____ ______ of _______ was created overnight a
Texas Declaration of Independence
The ____ _____ ______ resembles the US Constitutio
Texas State Constitution
_____ ______ this model of an economy that shows h
Circular Flow
The price at which consumers will purchase exactly
equilibrium point
Overproduction of goods or services creates a ____
Surplus
The underproduction of goods or services results i
shortage
______ occurs when individuals do not have all the
Scarcity
The ratio of the quantity or quality of goods and
Productivity
The economic system in which the means of producti
Capitalism
____ _____ holds that the interests of society are
Free Enterprise
The ____ _____ _____ is a regulatoryagency that ca
Federal Reserve System
The government may impose ____, bans on trade with
embargos
The government may impose ______, or taxes on fore
tariffs
The _____ of _____ can be thought of as the overal
Standard of Living
One way to measure standard of living relies on th
Gross National Product (GNP)
The ____ ____ ____ is restricted to goods and serv
Gross Domestic Product
Another way to calculate the standard of living is
Gross National Income
____ is the science of movement.
Motion
The ____ of an object is defined as the distance a
displacement
_____ is the time it takes for an object to travel
Velocity
A quality of motion that can be calculated by dete
Acceleration
____ are physical quantities that cause motion - a
ForceForce = mass x acceleration
____ is a measure of how hot or cold an object is.
Temperature
_____ _____ is a form of energy that depends on th
Thermal Energy (Heat) Heat added to ice - from sol
_____ _____ is what is transferred between 2 objec
Heat Energy
_____ is the method of heat energy transfer that o
Conduction
_____ is the method of heat energy transfer that o
Convection
_____ is the method of heat energy transfer that o
Radiation
_____ is a form of energy that travels as waves in
Light
The ____ _____ of visible light are red, green and
Primary Colors
_____ is based on the physical properties of the e
Electricity
An atom is made up of 3 particles what are they?
proton (+) neutron (neutral) and electron (-)
T or F an electric charge can not be created nor
T
Electric charges move easily through materials kno
Conductors ex: most metals
Electric charges do not allow electric charges to
Insulator
The ____ the size of the charge, the greather the
greater
T or F The shorter the distance between teh two c
T
If 2 charges have opposite signs between them (one
Attractive
If 2 electric charges have the same charges betwee
repulsive
A _____ is a push or pull that occurs in various f
Force
The force exerted on an object by the pull of grav
Weight
The force that exists between the surface of an ob
Friction
______ force is the force that exists between two
Electric
____ force is the force that exists between 2 magn
Magnetic
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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