epithelium, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue Flashcards

Epithelial tissue
Terms Definitions
Protects, absorbs, filters, secretes
epithelial tissue
cells fit closely together to form membranes
epithelial tissue
membranes always have one free surface/edge
epithelial tissue
epithelial cells are attached to.....
a basement membrane
Have no blood supply of their own
epithelial tissue
type of epithelium: forms where exchanges occur (air sacs of lungs)
simple squamous
type of epithelial: forms serous membranes and forms walls of capillaries between tissue/blood
simple squamous
membranes that line the ventral body cavity and its organs
serous membranes
type of epithelial: found in glands and ducts
simple cuboidal
type of epithelial: found in salivary glands and pancreas
simple cuboidal
type of epithelial: forms walls of kidney tubules
simple cuboidal
covers surface of ovaries
simple cuboidal
type of cells which produce a lubricating mucus, found in simple columnar epithelium
goblet cells
type of epithethial: lines digestive tract
simple columnar
epithelial membranes the line body cavities open to body exterior
mucous membranes
type of epithelial: found in sites that receive a good deal of abuse/friction
stratified squamous
type of epithelial: found in esophagus
stratified squamous
type of epithelial: found in mouth
stratified squamous
type of epithelial:found in outer portion of skin
stratified squamous
type of epithelial: forms lining of only a few organs
transitional epithelium
type of epithelial: found in bladder, ureters, part of urethra
transitional epithelium
cells of the base layer of transitional epithelium are usually....
cuboidal or columnar
type of epithelial: forms glands specialized to remove materials from the blood and make new materials, which they secrete
glandular epithelium
usually called ductless glands, no connection to surface
endocrine glands
examples are thyroid, adrenals, pituitary
endocrine glands
include sweat/oil glands, liver, pancreas
exocrine glands
most abundant and widely distributed of tissue types
connective tissue
most of these tissues are well vascularized
connective tissue
examples of connective tissue with poor blood supply
tendons, ligaments (and cartilages are avascular)
white fibers of matrix
collagen
yellow fibers of matrix
elastic
fine collagen fibers of matrix
reticular
main functions are to support, protect, and bind together tissues of the body
connective tissue
osseous tissue
bone
contains calcium salts, protect and support other body organs
bone
rubbery and smooth with a somewhat hard matrix
hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: found in larynx/voicebox
hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: attaches ribs to breastbone and covers ends of bones where they form joints
hyaline cartilage
type of connective tissue: the skeleton of the fetus is made of....
hyaline cartilage
other types of cartilage found in the body are....
elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage (forms disks between vertebrae of spinal column)
type of connective tissue: forms strong ropelike structures (tendons, ligaments)
dense fibrous tissue
attach skeletal muscles to bone
tendons
connect bones to bones at joints
ligaments
type of connective tissue: makes up lower layer of the skin
dense fibrous tissue
most widely distributed connective tissue
areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: helps to hold internal organs together and in proper positions
areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: has a semifluid matrix and contains all types of fibers, forming a loose network
areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: most of this matrix appears to be empty space
areolar tissue
type of connective tissue: insulates body, stores energy
adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: cells contain droplet of stored oil which takes up most volume
adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: form ring with nuclei pushed to one side
adipose tissue
type of connective tissue: forms blood, found in bone cavities
hemopoietic tissue
type of muscle tissue: attached to skeleton
skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: controlled voluntarily
skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: long, cylindrical, multinucleate, obvious striations
skeletal muscle
type of muscle tissue: has striations and branching cells that fit tightly together
cardiac muscle
junctions where cardiac muscle fits together
intercalated disks
type of muscle tissue: controlled involuntarily
cardiac, smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: found in the walls of hollow organs
smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: stomach, bladder, uterus, blood vessels
smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: no striations visible
smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: only one nucleus and spindle shaped
smooth muscle
type of muscle tissue: contracts the slowest of the muscle types
smooth muscle
a wavelike motion that keeps food moving through intestine
peristalsis
in nervous tissue the ________ is drawn out into long extensions
cytoplasm
two major functional characteristics are irritablilty and conductivity
nervous tissue
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