chapter 10 out of many Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Flatboat wars
conflict between the flatboatmen and guards in which the council enacted a tax to get rid of the flatboatmen’s district and caused an uproar
Natchez~under~the~hill
wharf district of the most impoverished and disreputable of the flatboatmen~ a bustling polyglot trading community
Fort Rosalie
fort established by the French in the 1720s, was rechristened Natchez~under~the~hill
Nat Turner
led a slave revolt in Virginia in 1831 in which 55 white people were killed
Natchez
Home to the rich slave~owning elite
Cotton
Became the dominant crop in a rapidly expanding south
Eli Whitney
Young northern who along with a graduate from Yale and Catherine Greene created the cotton gin in 1793
Black belt
An area stretching through western Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi that was blessed with exceptionally fertile soil
Trail of tears
In 1838, the five civilized tribes were forced to give up their lands and move to Indian territory
Industrial Revolution
Revolution in the means and organization of production
Browns Providence
New England family who made fortunes in the slave trade
Boston Associates
Merchants who financed the cotton textile mills at Lowell
Alexander McDonald
Charleston trader who served as an alderman and a bank president
Prime field hand
A strong, hardworking slave was valuable property
Solomon Northup
Northern free African American kidnapped into slavery and had 3 owners and was hired out as a carpenter
Manumission
Freeing of a slave
Fanny Kemble
An accomplished actress came to her husband’s plantation in GA
Jermain Loguen
An escaped slave
Frederick Douglass
Famous African American because of his abolitionist movements
Second Great Awakening
Religious revival among black and white southerners in the 1790s
First African churches
African American Baptist and Methodist churches were founded in Philadelphia in 1794 by Reverend Absalom Jones and the Reverend Richard Allen
AME
American Methodist Episcopal created by Richard Allen and other ministers from other cities
Harriet Tubman
Made 12 rescue missions freeing 60~70 slaves
Joseph Travis
Nat Turner’s master who treated him with kindnesss
Thomas R. Gray
A white lawyer to whom Turner dictated a lengthy confession before his death
Gabriel’s Rebellion
Slave revolt that failed when Gabriel Prosser, a slave preacher and blacksmith, organized a thousand slaves for an attack on Richmond, VA in 1800
Nat Turner’s Revolt
Uprising of slaves in Southampton County, VA, in the summer of 1831 led by Nat Turner that resulted in the death of 55 white people
Black codes
Laws concerning free black people
William Gregg
A successful jeweler from Columbia, SC wanted to establish cotton textiles in the south
Tredegar Iron Works
By 1837 was the 3rd largest foundry in the nation
Joseph Anderson
Became manager of the Tredegar Iron Works in 1841 and used slave labor in the mills
Yeomen
Independent farmers of the south, most of whom lived on family~sized farms
Thomas Chaplin of Tombee Plantation
Grew sea island cotton
Nabobs
Rich planters of the Natchez community
Surgets
Of French origin, traced their wealth farther back to a Spanish grant of 2500 acres
Thomas Taylor
A Pennsylvania Quaker who visited Natchez in 1847
Mary Boykin Chestnut
Wife of south Carolina slave owner
Denmark Vesey’s Conspiracy
The most carefully devised slave revolt in which rebels planned to seize control of Charleston in 1822 and escape to freedom in Haiti, a free black republic, but they were betrayed by other slaves, and 75 conspirators were executed.
James Henry Hammond
Elected a south Carolina congressman in 1834
Geroge Fitzhugh
Southern spokesmen asserted that “the negro slaves of the south are the happiest”
Hinton Helper
Published an attack on slavery in a book titled The Impending crisis.
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