Chapter 8 vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
effective commander of American forces in Revolution b/c of integrity, courage and moral forcefulness, wealthy Virginian of great character
George Washington
British general who chose to enjoy himself in New York and Philadelphia rather than viforiously pursue the American enemy
William Howe
American Revolutionary general whose strategies significantly weakened British strength in south
Nathaniel Greene
most military effective American officer besides Washington, invaded Canada, foiled Burgoynes invasion and then betrayed his country
Benedict Arnold
leader whose small force conquered key British forts in the west, led aids on British troops
George Rogers Clark
created Common Sense, radical British immigrant who put an end to American toasts to King George
Thomas Paine
Fiery Virginian and author of the official resolution of July 2, 1776 formally authorizing the colonies independence
Richard Henry Lee
general American who became a hero after winning the Battle of Saratoga but humiliating defeat at Camedon SC
Horatio Gates
American naval commander who successfully harassed British shipping "I have not yet begun to fight."
John Paul Jones
author of an explanatory indictment signed on July 4 that accused King George of establishing a military dictatorship
Thomas Jefferson
French soldier who served under Washington
Marquis de Lafayette
French naval officer who commanded Chesapeake Bay thereby preventing British naval forces from aiding Corn Wallis
Admiral de Grasse
a leader of American revolution who spoke out against British Rule of the American colonies
Patrick Henry
United States Diplomat jurist who negotiated peace treaties w/ Britain and served as chief of justice US Supreme Court
John Jay
soldier of Revolution whose troops helped capture Fort Ticanderoga from British
Ethan Allen
hired German Hessians to fight for British, King of Great Britain and Ireland, Hanover
George III
professional soldier hired for service in a foriegn army
Mercenaries
rights that people have under natural law life liberty and persuit of happiness
Natural Rights
legalized pirates who inflicted heavy damage on British shipping
Privateering
principles of theory of government in which supreme power rests in body of citizens entitled to vote and represented by Thomas Jefferson
Republicanism
there is a aristocracy among men. the grounds of this are virtue and talents
Natural Aristocracy
political condition in which people exercise the definitive decision making power
Popular Consent
cultivation of habits of personal living that are claimed to be important for succiess of community
Civic Virtue
convention of delegates from 13 colonies that met May 10 in Philadelphia soon after revolution began
Second Continental Congress
crucial in convincing Americans taht what they should fight for was an independent and republican America separate from Britain, inflammantory pamphlet that demanded independence and heaped scorn on the Royal Brute of Great Britain
Common Sense
provides explanation and justification of Richard Henry Lee's resolution that was passed by Congress on July 2
Declaration of Independence
strong among conservatives and well off Americans fought for King George and earned the contempt of Patriots
Loyalists/Tories
American Patriots distinguishing them from Tories British party that replaced Lord Norths Tories in 1782 and made a generous trety w/ US
Patriots/Whigs
guaranteed American independece, ended revolution
Treaty of Paris 1783
hired by King George's III had little loyalty to British cause and ended up deserting German mercenaries
Hessians
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