Muscular System Tortora Chapter 11 pg 326-348 Flashcards

Facial nerve
Terms Definitions
Together, the voluntarily controlled muscles of your body comprise the-
Muscular System
Muscles that produce movements do so bya. exerting force on tendonsb. applying pressure directly to bonesc. conducting heatd. none of the above
A. Exerting force to tendons, which in turn pull on bones or other structures.
The attachment of a muscles tendon to the stationary bone is called the-
Origin
The insertion of a muscle isa. where the muscle meets the tendonb. the movement made when the muscle is contractedc. the attachment of the muscle's tendon to the moveable boned. the attachment of the mucle to a stationary bone
C. The attachment of the muscle's tendonto the moveable bone
The fleshy portion of the muscle between the tendons is called the-
Belly
An inflammation of the tendons, tendon sheath, and synovial membranes surrounding certain jointsa. Tetanusb. Tenosynovitisc. Van's syndromd. Tendonitis
B. Tenosynovitis
How many directions of movement is a muscle capable of?a. 30b. 14c. 7d. 1
d. 1 -Muscles only move in one direction
In the Lever system, what is the fixed point?a. Leverb. LoadC. Fulcrumd. Origin
C. Fulcrum
In the lever system, what does the Load represent?
Resistance, which opposes movement
The muscular system consists of a. Connective tissue and Skeletal muscle tissueb. Cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscle tissuec. Skeletal muscle tissue, tendons, and the joints they moved. Skeletal muscle fibers and the somatic mot
A. Skeletal Muscle tissue and conective tissue
In a first class lever system, where is the fulcrum located in respect to the effort and the load?a. FELb. LEFc. EFLd. FLEb.
C. EFLThe fulcrum is located between the effort and the load in a first class lever system
Skeletal muscles are arranged in bundles known as-
Fascicles
Short fascicles in relation to muscle length; tendon extends nearly entire length of musclea. circularb. fusiformc. paralleld. pennate
D. Pennate
Fascicles attatch obliquely from many directions to several tendonsa. fusiformb. circularc. multipennated. bipennate
c. Multipennate
The muscles power and range of movement are affected bya. stretching and exerciseb. fascicular arrangementc. how many fibers a person was born withd. blood and nerve supply
B. Fascicular arrangementsee page 329 of Tortora
The muscle that streches and yields to the effects of the prime mover is the-a. antagonistb. agonistc. synergistd. flexalater
A. antagonist
Muscles that contract and stabilize the intermediate joints to prevent unwanted movement or to otherwise aid the prime mover area. fixatorsb. antagonistsc. Tendonsd. synergists
D. Synergists
Muscles that stabilize the origin of the prime mover and steady the proximal end of a limb while movements occur at the distal end are-
Fixators
Name the muscle that originates at the epicranius and draws the scalp anteriorly.
Frontalis
What is the nerve innervation for the occipitalus muscle?
Facial nerve VII
Where does orbicularis oris originate?
Muscle fibers surrounding opening of the mouth
What muscle draws the mouth at an angle, superiorly and laterally as in smiling?a. Orbicularis Orisb. Zygomaticus Majorc. Risoriusd. Zygomaticus
B. Zygomaticus Major
Name the muscle that raises the upper lip like Elvisa. Zygomaticus Minorb. Levator Labii Superiorisc. Depressor labii inferiorisd. Levator Anguli Oris
B. Levator Labii Superioris
What is the action of the Depressor Labii Inferioris?
Depresses the lower lip like Popeye
What is the nerve innervation for the buccinator muscle?
Facial Nerve VII
What muscle draws mouth laterally as in grimacing?a. Platysmab. Risoriusc. Pulpatious orisd. None of the above
B. Risorius
Which muscle is the pouting muscle?
Mentalis
What muscle originates on the clavicle and scapula and inserts on the mandible?
Platysma
What is the action of the Orbicularis Oculi?a. Rotates eye laterally and inferiorlyb. Rotates eye medially and inferiorlyc. Opens and closes the eyed. closes the eye only
D. Closes the eye
What muscle draws the eyebrow inferiorly as in frowning?a. Orbicularis Oculib. Corrugator Superciliic. Mentalisd. Depressor Labii Inferioris
B. Corrugator Supercilii
A unilateral paralysis of the muscles of facial expression due to damage or disease of the facial VII nerve is known asa. Bell's Syndromeb. Facial Nervitisc. Galea Aponeroticad. Bell's Palsy
D. Bell's Palsy
What is the nerve innervation for the Levator Palpebrae Superioris Muscle of the face?
Oculomotor Nerve III
What is the name given for muscles that move the eyeballs?a. extrinsicb. intrinsicc. orbicularis oculid. oculomotor
a. Extrinsic
All have a nerve innervation of Oculomotor Nerve III except-a. Superior Rectusb. Lateral Rectusc. Inferior Rectusd. Inferior Oblique
B. Lateral Rectus(Lateral rectus Nerve innervation is Abducens VI)
What is the action of the Inferior Oblique muscle?
Moves eyeball superiorly and laterally
Which muscles depress the Mandible?a. Platysma, Lateral pterygoid, and mentalisb. Mentalis and Platysmac. Lateral pterygoid and platysmad. None of them do
C. Lateral pterygoid and platysma
Besides elevating the mandible, what do the Masseter, temporalis and medial pterygoid have in common?a. They are all considered the strongest muscles of the bodyb. They all account for the strength of the bitec. All three have 20 fascic
B. they all account for the strength of the bite(see page 342 in tortora)
Where is the insertion of the Temporalis muscle?
Coronoid Process and ramus of the mandible
All of the muscles that elevate and depress the mandible have a nerve innervation of Mandibular division trigeminal V except-a. Lateral pterygoidb. Temporalisc. Masseterd. Platysma
d. platysma
Which 2 muscles move the mandible from side to side?a. Medial and Lateral Pterygoidb. Platysma and Masseterc. Medial Pterygoid and masseterd. Medial and lateral Temporalis
A. Medial and lateral Pterygoid
What muscle elevates and retracts the mandible?
Temporalis
What does the word Glossus mean?a. It is another word for protractionb. bonec. muscled. tongue
D. Tongue
Which to extrinsic tongue muscles are synergists?a. genioglossus and styloglossusb. styloglossus and palatoglossusc. palatoglossus and hyoglossusd. hyoglossus and genioglossus
C. Palatoglossus and Hyoglossus
Which tongue muscle sticks the tongue out?
Genioglossus
Which tongue muscle retracts the tongue?
Styloglossus
Which two muscles elevate the tongue?a. Genioglossus and Styloglossusb. Styloglossus and Palatoglossusc. Palatoglossus and Genioglossusd. Palatoglossus and Hyoglossus
B. Styloglossus and Palatoglossus
What is the nerve innervation for the Genioglossus, the Styloglossus, and the Hyoglossus muscles?a. Genioglossal Vb. Facial Nerve VIIc. Hypoglossal XIId. None of the above
C. Hypoglossal XII
Which muscle inserts on the underside of the tongue and hyoid bone?
Genioglossus
What is the action of the Digastric muscle?a. Elevates the Hyoid boneb. Contracts the stomach during digestionc. Flexes abdominalsd. Its purpose is unknown
A. Elevates the hyoid bone
All of these muscles elevate the hyoid bone except-a. Geniohyoidb. Mylohyoidc. Omohyoidd. Digastric
C. Omohyoid
What is the origin of the Digastric muscle?
Anterior belly from mandible, and posterior belly from mastoid process
Where is the insertion of the Digastric muscle?
Body of hyoid bone
What is the nerve innervation(s) for the anterior and posterior bellies digastic muscle?a. Both are Facial Nerve VIIb. The posterior belly is facial nerve VII, and the anterior belly is trigeminal Vc. Both are Thoracic Spinal nerv
B. The posterior belly is facial nerve VII, and the anterior belly is trigeminal V
What does the omohyoid muscle do?a. elevates the hyoid boneb. depresses the hyoid bonec. bothe elevates and depresses the hyoid boned. all of the above
B. Depresses the hyoid bone
Is the Omohyoid muscle on the axial skeleton or the appendicular skeleton?
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the neck known as the "Endangerment Zone" consists of what important landmarks?
The Anterior and Posterior Triangles
What muscle that moves the head has a nerve innervation of Accessory XI?a. semispinalis capitisb. splenius capitisc. sternocleidomastoidd. longissimus
C. Sternocleidomastoid
All are actions of the Sternocleidomastoid except-a. flex vertebral columnb. elevate sternum during forced inhalationc. depress the mandibled. Rotate head to side opposite contacting muscle
C. Depress mandible
The insertion of the Semispinalis is found where?
The Occipital bone
Name the muscle that originates ate the transverse process of T1-6 and C7 and inserts on the occipital bone.
Semispinalis Capitis
Name the muscle that originates at the lingamentum nuchae and inserts on the mastoid process.
Splenius Capitis
Name the muscle that originates on the transverse process of the upper four thoracic vertebrae and inserts on the mastoid process.
Longissimus capitis
All of these muscles extend the head except-a. Sternocleidomastoidb. Semispinalis capitisc. Splenius capitisd. Longissimus capitis
A. Stenocleidomastoid
Which two muscles rotate the head to the side opposite the contacting muscle?a. Semispinalis capitis and Sternocleidomastoidb. Semispinalis capitis and Longissimusc. Splenius and Longissimusd. Sternocleidomastoid and Splenius capi
A. Semispinalis capitis and sternocleidomastoid
Which two muscles rotate the head to the same side as the contracting muscle?a. Splenius Capitis and Longissimus capitisb. Splenius capitis and Sternocleidomastoidc. Sternocleidomastoid and Splenius Capitisd. Sternocleidomastoid a
A. Splenius capitis and Longissimus Capitis
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