APUSH Cram 1 (Civil War) Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Habeas Corpus
the right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Alexander H. Stephens
former vice president of the Confederacy, who claimed a seat in Congress during reconstruction under Johnson. Congress denied him and other Confederates seats in Congress
Battle of Bull Run
1st major Civil War battle, proved war was going to be long and costly
Winfield Scott
Union General who proposed Anaconda Plan
Anaconda Plan
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
George McClellan
union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln
Monitor and Merrimac
First ironcald warships in the Civil War; posed a danger to North's blockade of the South
Battle of Shiloh
battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.
David Farragut
Union naval admiral whose fleet captured New Orleans and Baton Rouge
Trent Affair
the Confederacy sent emissaries James Mason to Britain and John Slidell to France to lobby for recognition. A Union ship captured both men and took them to Boston as prisonners. The British were angry and Lincoln ordered their release
A Confederate commerce-raider that did serious harm to U.S. merchant ships (captured over 60 vessels)
Laird Rams
confederate warships built in britian designed to destroy the union blockade
Confiscation Acts
authorized the confiscation of any Confederate property by Union forces. This meant that all slaves that fought or worked for the Confederate military were freed whenever they were "confiscated" by Union troops
13th Amendment
which amendment abolished slavery
Battle of Vicksburg
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins
Sherman's March
Lead a force from Chattanooga, Tennessee to South Carolina destroying everything the Confederates could use to survive. He set fire to South Carolina's capital, Columbia.
Election of 1864
Lincoln vs. McClellan, Lincoln wants to unite North and South, McClellan wants war to end if he's elected, citizens of North are sick of war so many vote for McClellan, Lincoln wins
John Wilkes Booth
Assassinated Lincoln
Northern Democrats who opposed the Civil War and sympathized with the South
Ex Parte Milligan
Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available (violated during Civil War)
Morrill Tariff Act
a tarriff which was higher than before. This was an example of how easy Congress could pass new laws since the South were not readmitted yet
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
Morrill Land Grant Act
Law passed by Congress awarding proceeds from the sale of public lands to the states for the establishment of agricultural and mechanical colleges.
Pacific Railway Act
Called for the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad.
Second American Revolution
Civil War transformed American into a complex modern industrial society of capital, technology, national organizations, and large corporations; Republicans able to stimulate the industrial and commercial growth of US
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