ACTCM Pathol Ch17 Endocrine Flashcards

Terms Definitions
All the following are endocrine glands except: [1]
A. Pituitary
B. Thyroid
C. Spleen
D. Adrenals
E. Parathyroids
C. Spleen
The effect of hormones released into blood circulation and carried to a distant effector organ is called: [2]
A. Neuroendocrine
B. Endocrine
C. Paracrine
D. Merocrine
E. Autocrine
B. Endocrine
Which of the following endocrine organs is located intracranially inside the sella turcica? [3]
A. Pituitary
B. Parathyroid
C. Thyroid
D. Adrenal
E. Pancreas
A. Pituitary
The destruction of hypothalamus will lead to atrophy of all the following endocrine glands except: [4]
A. Pituitary
B. Parathyroid
C. Thyroid
D. Adrenals
E. Ovaries
B. Parathyroid
Tumors of the pituitary may secrete anyone of the following hormones except: [5]
A. Growth hormone
B. Prolactin
C. Follicle-stimulating hormone
D. Thyroid-stimulating hormone
E. Cortisol
E. Cortisol
The posterior pituitary or neurohypophysis releases: [6]
A. Gonadotropins
B. ACTH
C. Antidiuretic hormone
D. Thyrotropin
E. Prolactin
C. Antidiuretic hormone
The C cells of the thyroid secrete: [7]
A. Thyroglobulin
B. Thyroxin
C. Triiodothyronine
D. Calcitonin
E. Thyroid-stimulating hormone
D. Calcitonin
Which of the following hormones regulates the homeostasis of potassium and sodium? [8]
A. Calcitonin
B. Parathyroid hormone
C. Androgen
D. Aldosterone
E. Glucagon
D. Aldosterone
Epinephrine is secreted by: [9]
A. Adrenal zona glomerulosa
B. Adrenal zona fasciculata
C. Adrenal zona reticularis
D. Adrenal medullary cells
E. Adrenal cortical adenomas
D. Adrenal medullary cells
Prolonged adrenal stimulation with ACTH results in: [10]
A. Adrenal medullary hyperplasia
B. Adrenal cortical hyperplasia
C. Adrenal adenoma formation
D. Adrenal cortical atrophy
E. Adrenal medullary atrophy
B. Adrenal cortical hyperplasia
Adrenal hypofunction (Addison's disease) may be caused by all except: [11]
A. Adrenal tuberculosis
B. Bilateral primary adrenal carcinoma
C. Metastases of breast carcinoma to the adrenals
D. Autoimmune adrenalitis
E. Adrenal cortical hyperplasia
E. Adrenal cortical hyperplasia
ACTH, which is normally produced by pituitary cells, can also be produced by cells of a(n): [12]
A. Brain tumor
B. Adrenal tumor
C. Carcinoma of the thyroid
D. Small-cell carcinoma of the lung
E. Ovarian carcinoma
D. Small-cell carcinoma of the lung
Amenorrhea and galactorrhea are typically produced by tumors that are classified as: [13]
A. Pituitary carcinoma
B. Somatostatinoma
C. Glucagonoma
D. Prolactinoma
E. Corticotropic adenoma
D. Prolactinoma
Acromegaly is typically produced by tumors of the: [14]
A. Pituitary
B. Thyroid
C. Parathyroid
D. Adrenals
E. Testis
A. Pituitary
General weakness, cold intolerance, poor appetite, and weight loss following a delivery are typical of: [15]
A. Cushing's syndrome
B. Sheehan's syndrome
C. Cushing's disease
D. Adrenogenitalsyndrome
E. Graves' disease
B. Sheehan's syndrome
Graves' disease is caused by a disorder best classified as: [16]
A. Benign tumor
B. Malignant tumor
C. Infection
D. Autoimmune disease
E. Hormonal insufficiency
D. Autoimmune disease
Exopthalmos is a feature of: [17]
A. Hypothyroidism
B. Graves' disease
C. Hashimoto's thyroiditis
D. Congenital thyroid aplasia
E. Iodine deficiency
B. Graves' disease
Thyroid enlargement is most often caused by: [18]
A. Graves' disease
B. Papillary carcinoma
C. Follicular carcinoma
D. Medullary carcinoma
E. Idiopathic goiter
E. Idiopathic goiter
Which of the following is the most common thyroid tumor? [19]
A. Follicular adenoma
B. Follicular carcinoma
C. Anaplastic carcinoma
D. Papillary carcinoma
E. Medullary carcinoma
A. Follicular adenoma
The most common cause of hyperparathyroidism is: [20]
A. Pituitary adenoma
B. Parathyroid adenoma
C. Parathyroid hyperplasia
D. Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
E. Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome
B. Parathyroid adenoma
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is typically caused by: [21]
A. Hypovitaminosis A
B. Hypovitaminosis D
C. Hypovitaminosis C
D. Chronic renal disease
E. Chronic liver disease
D. Chronic renal disease
Nephrocalcinosis is a typical complication of adenoma of the: [22]
A. Pituitary
B. Parathyroid
C. Thyroid
D. Adrenals
E. Testis
B. Parathyroid
Hypocalcemic tetany is most often secondary to: [23]
A. Neck surgery
B. Autoimmune disease
C. Infectious disease
D. Benign tumors
E. Hyperparathyroidism
A. Neck surgery
What is the color of adrenal adenoma typically found in Cushing's syndrome? [24]
A. White
B. Red
C. Blue
D. Yellow
E. Black
D. Yellow
The most common cause of Cushing's syndrome encountered in medical practice today is: [25]
A. Adenoma of the pituitary
B. Adenoma of adrenal cortex
C. Adenoma of adrenal medulla
D. Carcinoma of adrenal cortex
E. Exogenous steroids administered by physicia
E. Exogenous steroids administered by physicians
Secondary hyperaldosteronism is typically a complication of chronic: [26]
A. Adrenal disease
B. Renal disease
C. Diabetes
D. Idiopathic hypertension
E. Emphysema
B. Renal disease
Addison's disease is treated with: [27]
A. Aspirin
B. Antihypertensive drugs
C. ACTH
D. Prolactin
E. Corticosteroids
E. Corticosteroids
Neuroblastomas have peak incidence in which age group? [28]
A. 1-5 years
B. 10-15 years
C. 20-25 years
D. 40-45 years
E. 60-65 years
A. 1-5 years
The most important clinical finding in patients with pheochromocytomas is: [29]
A. Hyperglycemia
B. Hypertension
C. Hyperestrinism
D. Hypocalcemia
E. Polyuria
B. Hypertension
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