ARMY 82nd SOM QUESTIONS Flashcards

Terms Definitions
What Army Field Manual covers the M136 AT4?
FM 3-23.25 Chapter 2
What is the M136 AT4?
The M136 AT4 is a 84mm, lightweight, self-contained, antiarmor weapon. It consists of a free-flight, fin-stabilized, rocket-type cartridge packed in an expendable, one-piece, fiberglass-wrapped tube.
From which shoulder is the M136 AT4 fired?
Right shoulder only
What is the approximate length of the M136 AT4 Rocket?
18 inches
What is the approximate weight of the M136 AT4 Rocket?
4 lbs
What is the length of the M136 AT4?
40 inches
What is the maximum range of the M136 AT4?
2100 meters
What is the overall weight of the M136 AT4?
14.8 lbs
What is the maximum effective range of the M136 AT4?
300 meters
What is the minimum target engagement range of the M136 AT4?
Training - 30 meters
Combat – 15 meters
How many pre-fire checks are there for the M136 AT4 and what are they?
There are 11 pre-fire checks:

1. The rear seal, a brown acrylic plastic plate inside the venturi, is in place and undamaged.
2. The transport safety pin is in place and fully inserted. The lanyard is attached to the transport safety pin and the launcher. The lanyard should already be wrapped around the launcher clockwise and the transport safety pin inserted in the retainer hole counterclockwise.
3. The cocking lever is present and in the SAFE (uncocked) position.
4. The plastic fire-through muzzle cover is in place and undamaged. If it is torn or broken, cut it out and check the launch tube to ensure it is clear of foreign objects. Remove any that you find by turning the tube muzzle downward and gently shaking the launcher.
5. The launcher has the correct color-coded band.
6. The sights function properly. Open the sight covers to ensure the sights pop up and are undamaged.
7. The forward safety does not move when you depress it.
8. The red trigger button is not missing.
9. The launcher body has no cracks, dents, or bulges.
10. The carrying sling is not frayed and is attached firmly to the launch tube.
11. The shoulder stop is not broken or damaged, and it unsnaps and folds down.
If you have a misfire with the M136 AT4, what should you do?
Combat Environment:

If the M136 AT4 launcher is armed (cocked), keep it pointed away from personnel and equipment at all times.
Release the forward safety.
Remove your right hand from the firing mechanism and cock the weapon again.
Try to fire again. If the launcher still does not fire, maintain the same firing position and return the cocking lever to the SAFE (uncocked) position.
Move the launcher from your shoulder, keeping the launcher pointed toward the enemy. Reinsert the transport safety pin.
Break off the sights to identify the misfired launcher.
Place the launcher on the ground, pointed toward the enemy, and use another launcher. As soon as you can, dispose of the misfired launcher IAW unit SOP.
Training Environment:
If the M136 AT4 launcher is armed (cocked), keep it pointed away from personnel and equipment at all times.
Shout “Misfire” as soon as the launcher fails to fire, while maintaining the original sight picture.
Release the forward safety.
Recock the launcher. Immediately remove right hand from the firing mechanism and push the cocking lever forward with the heel of the right hand until the lever locks with a loud clicking noise.
Press the forward safety all the way down and try to fire again. If the launcher still fails to fire, shout misfire, release the forward safety, and move the cocking lever to the SAFE (uncocked) position. Move the launcher from shoulder, keeping the weapon pointed toward the target and cradle the weapon in the left arm.
Reinsert the transport safety pin, wait two minutes, then carefully lay the launcher on the ground with the muzzle toward the target.
How large and what does the back-blast area of the M136 AT4 consist of?
The black-blast area is 65 meters in a 90-degree fan behind the weapon. The distances are 5 meters combat and 60 meters training.
What is the weight of the M11 pistol with an empty magazine?
26.1 Ounces
Describe the M11 pistol.
The M11 pistol is a 9-mm, semiautomatic, magazine fed, recoil-operation, double-action weapon chambered for the 9-mm cartridge.
Describe the magazine for the M11.
A standard staggered box magazine designed to hold 13 rounds
What is the weight of the M11 pistol with a 13 round magazine?
29.1 Ounces
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M11?
39 Rounds
What are the two types of ammunition used by the M11?
Cartridge, 9-mm ball, M882 with/without cannelure).

Cartridge, 9-mm dummy, M917.
What Field Manual covers the M11?
FM 3-23.35
What are the proper clearing procedures for the M11?
Place the decocking/safety lever in the SAFE down position.

Hold the pistol in the raised pistol position.

Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine from the pistol.

Pull the slide to the rear and remove any chambered round.
Push the slide stop up, locking the slide to the rear.

Look into the chamber to ensure that it is empty.
Place the decocking/safety lever in the SAFE down position.
Hold the pistol in the raised pistol position.
Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine from the pistol.
Pull the slide to the rear and remove any chambered round.
Push the
Clear the pistol in accordance with the unloading procedures.
Depress the slide stop, letting the slide go forward.

Insert an empty magazine into the pistol.

Retract the slide fully and release it.
The slide should lock to the rear.

Depress the magazine release button and remove the magazine.

Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the SAFE position.
Depress the slide stop. When the slide goes forward, the hammer should fall to the forward position.

Squeeze and release the trigger.
The firing pin block should move up and down and the hammer should not move.

Place the decocking/safety lever in the fire POSITION.
Squeeze the trigger to check double action.
The hammer should cock and fall.
Squeeze the trigger again. Hold it to the rear.
Manually retract and release the slide.
Release the trigger. A click should be heard and the hammer should not fall.

Squeeze the trigger to check the single action.
The hammer should fall.
What are the steps to the cycle of operation of the M11?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
How do you perform immediate action for the M11?
Ensure the decocking/safety lever is in the FIRE position.
Squeeze the trigger again.
If the pistol does not fire, ensure that the magazine is fully seated, retract the slide to the rear, and release.
Squeeze the trigger.
If the pistol again does not fire, remove the magazine and retract the slide to eject the chambered cartridge. Insert a new magazine, retract the slide, and release to chamber another cartridge.
Squeeze the trigger.
If the pistol still does not fire, perform remedial action.
How do you perform remedial action for the M11?
Slide and Barrel assembly
Recoil spring and Recoil Spring guide
Barrel and Locking Block Assembly
Receiver
Magazine
What is the maximum range of the M11?
1800 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M11?
50 meters
What are the three safety features found on the M11?
Decocking
Safety Lever
Firing Pin Block
What is the FM concerning the M16/A2 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Downrange Feedback
Field Fire
Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
Steady Position
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
Breathing
Trigger Squeeze
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
Sight Alignment
Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is remedial action?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.
Try to place the weapon on safe
Remove the magazine
Lock the bolt to the rear
Place the weapon on safe if not already done
Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M16/A2.
Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action
What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.
Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject
What is stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action
How do you clear a stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
What does CLP stand for?
Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle.
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?
M193 – Ball
M196 – Trace
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
What are the four steps required in order to mechanically zero the M16/A2?
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M16A2 Study Guide
M16A2 Army Board Study Guide
Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is the FM concerning the M16/A2 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9





What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it





Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.

Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Downrange Feedback
Field Fire
Advanced Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sights


What is the purpose of a weaponeer?
The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures.






What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?

Steady Position
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
Breathing
Trigger Squeeze



During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?

Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported



What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?

Sight Alignment
Placing of the Aiming Point



What does the Acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot






What is remedial action?
Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage or malfunction and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.






Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.

Try to place the weapon on safe
Remove the magazine
Lock the bolt to the rear
Place the weapon on safe if not already done



Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M16/A2.

Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed.
Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear.
Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.)
Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward).
Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure.
Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle.



Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action






What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)






How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)






What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.






Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.

Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject



What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.






How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action






What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.






What does CLP stand for?

Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.


Describe the M16/A2 Rifle.
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.





What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?

M193 – Ball
M196 – Trace
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)



What are the four steps required in order to mechanically zero the M16/A2?

1. Adjust the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing.

2. Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle.

3. Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.
What are the steps required in order to battlesight zero the M16/A2?
Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle. Then adjust the elevation knob one more click clockwise.

2. Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.
Describe the weights of the M16/A2 Rifle.
Without Magazine and Sling - 7.78 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 8.48 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 8.79 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?
3,100 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 550 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 800 meters
Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Right hand twist 1/7
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 Rifle?
210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M16A2 Rifle how much?
300 to 800 meters
What is the overall length of the M16/A2 Rifle?
39.63 inches
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M16/A2 rifle?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking
Describe the procedures for clearing the M16/A2 Rifle.
Point the muzzle in a designated SAFE DIRECTION. Attempt to place selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be placed on SAFE.
Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down.
To lock bolt open, pull charging handle rearward. Press bottom of bolt catch and allow bolt to move forward until it engages bolt catch. Return charging handle to full forward position. If you have not done so before, place the selector lever on SAFE.
Visually (not physically) inspect the receiver and chamber to ensure these areas contain no ammo.
With the selector lever pointing toward SAFE, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch.
Place the selector lever on SEMI and squeeze the trigger.
Pull the charging handle fully rearward and release it, allowing the bolt to return to the full forward position.
Place the selector lever on SAFE.
Close the ejection port cover.
How do you perform a functions check on the M16/A2 Rifle?
Place the selector lever on safe. If the selector switch will not go on safe, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Place the selector lever on safe. Pull the trigger to the rear, the hammer should not fall.
Place the selector lever on semi. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
Place the selector lever on burst. Pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear three times and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
What is the weight of the M240B?
Approximately 27.6 pounds
What Field Manual covers the M240B?
FM 3-22.68 Chapter 3
Describe the M240B.
The M240B is a belt-fed, air-cooled, gas-operated, fully automatic machine gun that fires from the open bolt position.
What is the sustained rate of fire for the M240B?
100 Rounds per minute fired in 6 to 9 round bursts and 4 to 5 seconds between bursts. Barrel change every 10 minutes.
What is the rapid rate of fire for the M240B?
200 Rounds per minute fired in 10 to 13 round bursts and 2 to 3 seconds between bursts. Barrel change every 2 minutes.
What is the cyclic rate of fire for the M240B?
650 to 950 Rounds per minute fired in continuous bursts. Barrel change every minute.
What is the maximum range of the M240B?
3725 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M240B with tripod and T&E?
1100 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M240B for an area target?
Tripod – 1,100 meters
Bipod – 800 meters
What is the maximum effective range of the M240B for a point target?
Tripod – 800 meters
Bipod – 600 meters
What is the length of the M240B?
49 inches
What is the maximum tracer burnout for the M240B?
900 meters
What types of ammunition can be used with M240B?
M80 – Ball
M61 – Armor Piercing
M62 – Tracer
M63 – Dummy
M82 – Blank
What are the proper clearing procedures for the M240B?
Move the safety to the fire “F” position.
With his right hand, (palm up) pulls the cocking handle to the rear, ensuring the bolt is locked to the rear (bipod mode).
Return the cocking handle to its forward position.
Place the safety on safe “S.”
Raise the cover assembly and conduct the four-point safety check for brass, links, or ammunition.
Check the feed pawl assembly under the cover.
Check the feed tray.
Lift the feed tray and inspects the chamber.
Check the space between the face of the bolt and chamber to include the space under the bolt and operating rod assembly.
Close the feed tray and cover assembly and place the safety to the fire “F” position. Pull cocking handle to the rear, and pull the trigger while manually riding the bolt forward. Close the ejection port cover.
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M240B Study Guide

Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is the weight of the M240B?
Approximately 27.6 pounds






What Field Manual covers the M240B?
FM 3-22.68 Chapter 3
Places the safety on “F.”
Pulls the cocking handle to the rear, locking the bolt to the rear of the receiver.
Returns the cocking handle to the forward position.
Places the safety on “S,” and closes the cover.
Pulls the trigger. (Bolt should not go forward).
Places the safety on “F.”
Pulls the cocking handle to the rear, pulls the trigger, and rides the bolt forward.
Closes the ejection port cover.
What is the maximum effective range of the M249 with tripod and T+E?
1,000 meters
What is the maximum range of the M249 (SAW)?
3,600 meters
What is the maximum range of the M249 against an area target for both tripod and bipod?
Tripod – 1,000 meters
Bipod – 800 meters
What does S.A.W. stand for?
Squad Automatic Weapon
What is the weight of the M249?
16.41 pounds
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M249?
1,000 rounds (in 200 round drums)
What is the length of the M249?
40.87 inches
Describe the M249.
The M249 machine gun is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt or magazine-fed, automatic weapon that fires from the open-bolt position.
What FM covers the M249?
FM 3-22.68
What are the rates of fire for the M249?
Sustained rate is 100 rounds per minute
Rapid rate is 200 rounds per minute
Cyclic rate is 650 to 850 rounds per minute
What are the proper procedures for clearing the M249?
1. Moves the safety to the fire “F” position by pushing it to the left until the red ring is visible.
2. With his right hand, palm up, pulls the cocking handle to the rear, locking the bolt in place.
3. While holding the resistance on the cocking handle, moves the safety to the SAFE position by pushing it to the right until the red ring is not visible. (The weapon cannot be placed on safe unless the bolt is locked to the rear.)
4. Returns and locks the cocking handle in the forward position.
5. Raises the cover and feed mechanism assembly, and conducts the five-point safety check for brass, links, or ammunition:

(1) Checks the feed pawl assembly under the feed cover.
(2) Checks the feed tray assembly.
(3) Lifts the feed tray assembly and inspects the chamber.
(4) Checks the space between the bolt assembly and the chamber.
(5) Inserts two fingers of his left hand in the magazine well to extract any ammunition or brass.

6. Closes the cover and feed mechanism assembly and moves the safety to the “F” position. With his right hand, palm up, returns the cocking handle to the rear position. Presses the trigger and at the same time eases the bolt forward by manually riding the cocking handle forward.
What are the 8 major groups of the M249?
Operating Rod Group
Barrel Group
Handguard Group
Buttstock and Buffer Assembly Group
Trigger Mechanism Group
Gas Cylinder Group
Bipod Group
Receiver Group
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M249 Study Guide

Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is the maximum range of the M249 (SAW)?
3,600 meters






What is the maximum effective range of the M249 with tripod an
The open bolt position
What are the steps to the cycle of functioning for the M249?
Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Cocking
How do you adjust for windage with the M249?
Adjustments for windage are made by traversing the rear sight right and left along the sliding scale.
You are here: home > study guide topics > m249 > m249 study guide

M249 Study Guide

Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is the maximum range of the M249 (SAW)?
3,600 meters






What is the maximum effective range of the M249 with tripod an
Adjustments for elevation (range) require the automatic rifleman to turn the elevation knob (closest to the buttstock) on the rear sight to the desired range setting.
Name 3 assault firing positions used with the M249
Shoulder
Hip
Underarm
What are two unique features of the M249?
It has a regulator to change the rate of fire, and it is fed by M16 magazines as well as belt fed
What is the FM concerning the M4 Rifle?
FM 3-22.9
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M4.
Try to place the weapon on safe
Remove the magazine
Lock the bolt to the rear
Place the weapon on safe if not already done
What are the steps required in order to mechanically zero the M4?
Adjust the front sight post up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing.
Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle.
Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.




What are the steps required in order to battlesight zero the M4?


Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the detachable carrying handle. The elevation knob remains flush.
Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.




Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
Immediate action






What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)






How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)






What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.






Name the different categories of malfunctions for the M4 Rifle.

Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject



What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation.






How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action






What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.






What does CLP stand for?

Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.
Describe the M4 Rifle.
A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.





What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M4 Rifle?

M193 – Ball
M196 – Trace
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)



Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without mgazine and sling, with sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine.

Without Magazine and Sling - 6.49 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 pounds



Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M4 Rifle.

Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute



What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?
2,970 feet per second






Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle.

Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters



Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M4 Rifle.
Right hand twist 1/7






What is the basic load of ammunition for the M4?
210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)





The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M4 Rifle how much?
300 to 600 meters






What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle?

Buttstock Closed - 29.75 inches
Buttstock Open - 33.00 inches



What are the four positions for the buttstock of the M4 Rifle?

Closed
1/2 Open
3/4 Open
Full Open



What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M4 rifle?

Feeding
Chambering
Locking
Firing
Unlocking
Extracting
Ejecting
Cocking



What part of the M4 Rail Adapter System may be removed to perform PMCS?
Only the Lower Assembly






Describe the procedures for clearing the M4 Rifle.


Point the muzzle in a designated SAFE DIRECTION. Attempt to place selector lever on SAFE. If weapon is not cocked, lever cannot be placed on SAFE.
Remove the magazine by depressing the magazine catch button and pulling the magazine down.
To lock bolt open, pull charging handle rearward. Press bottom of bolt catch and allow bolt to move forward until it engages bolt catch. Return charging handle to full forward position. If you have not done so before, place the selector lever on SAFE.
Visually (not physically) inspect the receiver and chamber to ensure these areas contain no ammo.
With the selector lever pointing toward SAFE, allow the bolt to go forward by pressing the upper portion of the bolt catch.
Place the selector lever on SEMI and squeeze the trigger.
Pull the charging handle fully rearward and release it, allowing the bolt to return to the full forward position.
Place the selector lever on SAFE.
Close the ejection port cover.




How do you perform a functions check on the M4 Rifle?

Place the selector lever on safe. If the selector switch will not go on safe, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Place the selector lever on safe. Pull the trigger to the rear, the hammer should not fall.
Place the selector lever on semi. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.
Place the selector lever on burst. Pull the charging handle to the rear and release. Pull the trigger to the rear and hold. The hammer should fall. While holding the trigger to the rear, pull the charging handle to the rear three times and release. Release the trigger and pull it to the rear again. The hammer should fall.




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i
What are the steps required in order to battlesight zero the M4?
Adjust the elevation knob counterclockwise, when viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly rests flush with the detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the detachable carrying handle. The elevation knob remains flush.
Position the apertures so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.
Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without mgazine and sling, with sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round magazine.
Without Magazine and Sling - 6.49 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 pounds
With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M4 Rifle.
Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?
2,970 feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 meters
Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 meters
Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters
The elevation knob adjusts the point of aim for the M4 Rifle how much?
300 to 600 meters
What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle?
Buttstock Closed - 29.75 inches
Buttstock Open - 33.00 inches
What are the four positions for the buttstock of the M4 Rifle?
Closed
1/2 Open
3/4 Open
Full Open
What part of the M4 Rail Adapter System may be removed to perform PMCS?
Only the Lower Assembly
What are the 4 types of waste?
Human
Liquid
Garbage
Rubbish
What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
5 gallons
A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
100 ft
What is Potable water?
Water that is safe to drink
What are the measurements of a straddle trench?
1 ft wide, 4 ft long and 2 1/2 ft deep
What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
5 gallons
How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
36 gallons
How deep is a cat hole?
6 to 12 inches
What is a communicable disease?
A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person
What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation?
Fingers
Feces
Flies
Foods
Fluids
What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
Immunization and personal hygiene
What Field Manual covers Unit Field Sanitation Team?
FM 4-25.12
What Field Manual covers Field Hygiene and Sanitation?
FM 21-10
What is Field Sanitation?
The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.
What is a vector?
Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus
What is palatable water?
Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe
What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?
Respiratory
Intestinal
Insect borne
Venereal
Miscellaneous
What are some diseases carried by the fly?
Typhoid
Cholera
Dysentery
What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?
Drink only from approved sources
Conserve water
Do not contaminate your sources
What are the three most common poison plants?
Poison ivy
Poison oak
Poison sumac
Where should the latrine be located in relation to the mess hall?
At least 100 meters downhill or downstream
What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
Malaria
Dengue
Yellow Fever
Encephalitis
Filariasis
What are some methods for human waste disposal?
Straddle trench
Mound latrine
Burn out latrine
Deep pit
Bore hole latrines
Pail latrines
Urine soak pits
How far should garbage pits be located away from the mess area?
30 yards and no closer than 100 ft from any water sources.
Enough straddle trenches should be dug to accommodate what percentage of the unit at one time?
8 percent
Water that is not properly treated can spread what diseases?
Common diarrhea,
Leptospirosis
Cholera
Dysentery
Bacillary
Typhoid
Paratyphoid fever
What are two ways to purify water?
Iodine tablets
Boiling
Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
Medical personnel
What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?
FM 3-25.26
What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?
Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.
Red-Brown - The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
Blue - Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
Brown - Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
Other - Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.
What are military symbols?
Figures used to represent types of military organizations, installations, and activities
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Lower left margin
What are contour lines?
Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
What are 3 types of contour lines?
Index
Intermediate
Supplementary
How many Mils are in one Degree?
17.7 mils
How many Norths are there on a military map?
Three;
True north
Magnetic north
Grid north
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a hill?
A hill is shown on a map by contour lines forming concentric circles. The inside of the smallest closed circle is the hilltop.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a saddle?
A saddle is normally represented as an hourglass
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a valley?
Contour lines forming a valley are either U-shaped or V-shaped.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a Ridge?
Contour lines forming a ridge tend to be U-shaped or V-shaped. The closed end of the contour line points away from high ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a depression?
Usually only depressions that are equal to or greater than the contour interval will be shown. On maps, depressions are represented by closed contour lines that have tick marks pointing toward low ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a draw?
The contour lines depicting a draw are U-shaped or V-shaped, pointing toward high ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cliff?
Cliffs are also shown by contour lines very close together and, in some instances, touching each other.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a cut?
This contour line extends the length of the cut and has tick marks that extend from the cut line to the roadbed, if the map scale permits this level of detail.
You are here: home > study guide topics > land navigation > land navigation / map reading study guide

Land Navigation / Map Reading Study Guide

Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is the Field Manual for map reading and land navigation?
FM 3-
This contour line extends the length of the filled area and has tick marks that point toward lower ground. If the map scale permits, the length of the fill tick marks are drawn to scale and extend from the base line of the fill symbol.
What must be done to a map before it can be used?
It must be oriented.
What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
Hill
Ridge
Valley
Saddle
Depression
What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?
Draw
Spur
Cliff
What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
Cut
Fill
What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth’s surface drawn to scale, as seen from above.
What is an azimuth?
A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.
What is vertical distance?
The distance between the highest and lowest points measured.
What is a contour interval?
The vertical distance between adjacent contour lines on a map.
What is the distance between grid lines on a combat map?
1 kilometer or 1000 meters
How many mils are there in a circle?
6400 mils in 360 degrees
Which north is used when using a military map?
Magnetic north when using a compass, and grid north when using the map
How would you hold a lensatic compass?
Away from metal (weapons, electrical devices), level and firm
Name two ways to hold a compass?
Compass-to-Cheek Method
Center-Hold Method
Are topographic symbols drawn to scale?
No
What do topographic symbols represent?
Man-made and natural features
In military symbols, what colors are used for a map overlay and what do they represent?
Blue- Friendly forces
Red-Enemy forces
Black- boundaries
Yellow-contaminated area both friendly and enemy
Green- engineer obstacles, both friendly and enemy
What is Back Azimuth?
The opposite direction of an azimuth.
How do you figure out a back azimuth?
To obtain a back azimuth from an azimuth, add 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or less; subtract 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180 degrees or more
What is a declination diagram?
Shows the angular relationship between the magnetic north, grid north and true north
What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
Right and UP
How many sights does a compass have?
2
What is a benchmark?
A man-made marker showing points of elevation
What are parallels of latitude?
Measured distances going north or south of the equator
What is an aerial photograph?
An aerial photograph is any photograph taken from an airborne vehicle (aircraft, drones, balloons, satellites, and so forth)
What does UTM stand for?
Universal Transverse Mercator
The lensatic compass has a bezel ring; each bezel ring click is equal to how many degrees?
3
How many times would the bezel ring click if it were fully rotated?
120
Large cities on a map are represented by what color?
Black
Name two ways to orient a map?
Use a compass and terrain association
What is the Field Manual for Operational Terms and Graphics?
FM 1-02
The arrow on a compass always points what direction?
Magnetic north
What does the term FLOT mean?
Forward Line Of Troops
What are the alternate colors on a map and what do they mean?
Gray- alternate color for brown, Yellow- built up areas, and Pink- political boundaries
What is longitude?
Imaginary lines that run north to south originating in Greenwich, England and measured in degrees
What s a topographic map?
Portrays terrain and land forms in a measurable way as well as horizontal features of the positions represented
What is a small-scale map?
Those maps with scales of 1:1,000,000 and smaller are used for general planning and for strategic studies. The standard small-scale map is 1:1,000,000. This map covers a very large land area at the expense of detail
What is a medium-scale map?
Those maps with scales larger than 1:1,000,000 but smaller than 1:75,000 are used for operational planning. They contain a moderate amount of detail, but terrain analysis is best done with the large-scale maps described below. The standard medium-scale map is 1:250,000. Medium scale maps of 1:100,000 are also frequently encountered.
What is a large-scale map?
Those maps with scales of 1:75,000 and larger are used for tactical, administrative, and logistical planning. These are the maps that you as a soldier or junior leader are most likely to encounter. The standard large-scale map is 1:50,000; however, many areas have been mapped at a scale of 1:25,000.
What does the term intersection mean?
Finding the location of an unknown point by sighting two or more known points
Why is a map so important?
When used correctly, a map can give you accurate distances, locations and heights, best routes key terrain features and cover and concealment information.
What does the term resection mean?
Resection is the method of locating one’s position on a map by determining the grid azimuth to at least two well-defined locations that can be pinpointed on the map.
If you find a symbol on a map that is unknown to you, where would you look?
The marginal data, located on the outside lower portion of the map
How many scales are there on a compass, what are they?
There are two;

Degrees
Mils
What are the 4 quadrants on a map?
Northeast
Southeast
Northwest
Southwest
What are the three elements for a land navigation process known as Dead Reckoning?
Known starting point
Known distance
Known azimuth
What is the feature that makes the lensatic compass work well at night?
The dials and needles are luminous
What is a polar coordinate?
Plotting or locating an unknown point using an azimuth and a distance from a known starting point
What is the name of the map system that the U.S. uses?
UTM
On a lensatic compass there are two rings, an outer black ring and an inner red ring, what are they used for?
The inner red ring is used to find degrees, and the outer black ring is used to find mils
Name 3 field expedient methods of determining direction
The shadow-tip method, the watch method, and the North Star method
What is a contour level?
It is the vertical distance between contour lines. The amount of the contour level is located in the Marginal Information on the map.
The border line around the edge of the map is called the what?
Neat Line
Name the different slopes found on a map.
Gentle
Steep
Concave
Convex
You must find at least how many known locations on a map and the actual ground in order to plot your location accurately?
At least 2
What are the three main map sizes?
Small
Medium
Large
What are two methods of measuring an azimuth?
Compass and a protractor
How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?
10 meters
How close will a six-digit grid coordinate get you to your point?
100 meters
What would you use on a map to measure actual ground distance?
The bar scale
What is Self Aid?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
Bayonet
Rifle
Entrenching tool
Tent poles and stakes
Web belt
What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on the human body?
11
What is the object of first aid?
To stop bleeding
Overcome shock
Relieve pain
Prevent infection
What FM covers first aid soldiers
FM 4-25.11
What is First Aid?
It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?
It is a universal donor
When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of)
How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
2 to 4 inches
What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)
Open the airway and restore breathing
Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound
Prevent shock
When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?
The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?
Use the casualty’s field dressing.
How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?
Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site. DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect.
What is manual pressure?
If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct manual pressure may be used to help control bleeding. Apply such pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do this himself if he is conscious and can follow instructions.
Should a casualty be given water to drink?
He should not eat or drink
Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?
To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control the bleeding
What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?
What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?
Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
Where is a tourniquet applied?
Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body trunk (or between the wound and the heart). Never place it directly over a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness, should be placed on the upper arm or above the knee on the thigh.
How can you prevent athlete's foot?
Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily
Name 3 categories of heat injuries
Heat cramps
Heat exhaustion
Heat stroke
What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)
Abdominal Cramps (stomach)
Excessive Sweating
What is the treatment for heat cramps?
Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.
Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)

In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a noncontaminated area as soon as the mission permits.


Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available.)
Seek medical assistance should cramps continue
What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?
Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin
Headache
Weakness
Dizziness
Loss of appetite
Cramping
Nausea (with or without vomiting)
Urge to defecate
Chills (Gooseflesh)
Rapid Breathing
Tingling of Hands/Feet
Confusion
What would the treatment be for heat exhaustion?
Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.
Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pour water on him and fan him.
Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water.
Elevate his legs.
If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainder of the day.
Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives
What are the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?
Skin is red, hot and dry
Weakness
Dizziness
Confusion
Headaches
Seizures
Nausea
Stomach pains or cramps
Respiration and pulse may be rapid and weak.
Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly.
What would the treatment be for heat stroke?
Moving him to a cool, shady area or improvising shade if none is available.
Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment).
Spraying or pouring water on him; fanning him to permit the coolant effect of evaporation.
Massaging his extremities and skin, which increases the blood flow to those body areas, thus aiding the cooling process.
Elevating his legs.
Having him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water if he is conscious.
Seek medical assistance immediately
If a casualty were suspected of having a neck/spinal injury or severe head trauma, which method would you use for opening an airway?
The jaw thrust technique, because in most cases it can be done without extending the neck
What are two basic types of fractures?
Open (compound)
Closed (simple)
What are some signs of an open fracture?
Bleeding.
Bones sticking through the skin.
Check for pulse.
What are some signs of a closed fracture?
Swelling.
Discoloration.
Deformity.
Unusual body position.
Check for pulse.
With an open fracture, what should you do first?
Stop the bleeding
What is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?
Splint them where they lie"
How tight should tourniquet be?
Tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
What are the three types of bleeding?
Arterial- Blood is bright red and will spurt with each heart beat
Venous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
Capillary- Blood oozes from the wound
Name 4 common points for checking pulse
Carotid- The side of the neck
Femoral- The groin
Radial- The wrist
Posterial Tibial- Ankle
What are some signs/symptoms of shock?
Clammy skin (cool, pale and damp)
Restlessness and nervousness
Thirst
Loss of blood
Confusion
Fast breathing
Nausea or vomiting
Blotched or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips)
Often perspires freely
May pass out.
What is the treatment for shock?
Position the casualty on their back
Elevate the Legs
Loosen clothing at neck waist or wherever it is binding
Climatize (prevent too hot or too cold)
Reassure (keep the casualty calm)
Notify medical personnel (Help, Get a medic!!)
What is a heat injury?
A loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personnel work in the heat, a general dehydration of the body
You are here: home > study guide topics > first aid > first aid study guide

First Aid Study Guide
First Aid Army Board Study Guide
Posted Sunday, June 25, 2006

What is Self Aid?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself



Name some items
Cleanliness
How do you stop bleeding?
Apply a field dressing
Manual pressure
Elevate the limb
Apply a pressure dressing
Digital Pressure
Apply a tourniquet
What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is used to restore a heart beat
When can measures taken to restore breathing in an individual be discontinued?
When a doctor tells you to stop
When others relieve you
When you cannot physically continue
When the casualty starts to breath on his own
What is AIDS?
AIDS is the end stage of the HIV infection. At this point, the virus has attacked and weakened a person's immune system
Name two types of rescue breathing
Mouth to mouth
Mouth to nose
What do the letters AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?
When the casualty has a:

Head injury
Abdominal wound
Fractured (unsplinted) leg
How long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding?
5 to 10 minutes
What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious casualty?
Turn their head to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit
When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?
As a last resort when everything else has failed or when an arm or leg has been severed off
What does COLD stand for?
It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY
What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?
Responsiveness
Breathing
Pulse
Bleeding
Shock
Fractures
Burns
Possible concussions (head injuries)
What is the first indication of frostbite?
Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on it
What do you do to treat frostbite?
Remove clothing from the affected area, warm with body heat, dress the area and seek additional medical help
When should an airtight dressing be applied to a sucking chest wound?
As the individual breathes out
How should you position a casualty with an open abdominal wound?
On his back with his knees up to relieve abdominal pressure
What do you do with exposed abdominal organs?
Wrap them in dry clean material and place on top of the abdomen (never try to put them back in)
How do you take the Carotid pulse?
Carotid pulse. To check the carotid pulse, feel for a pulse on the side of the casualty’s neck closest to you. This is done by placing the tips of your first two fingers beside his Adam’s apple.
In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the two-man methods?
Two-Man Support Carry
Two-Man Arms Carry
Two-Man Fore-and Aft-Carry
Four-Hand Seat Carry
Two-Hand Seat Carry
In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the one-man methods?
Fireman's carry
Supporting carry
Arms Carry
Saddleback carry
Pack-strap carry
Pistol belt carry
Pistol belt drag
Neck drag
LBE Carry Using Bearers LBE
LBE Carry Using Casualty’s LBE
Cradle Drop Drag
Should you put any medication or cream on a burn?
No
Name the four types of burns
Thermal
Electrical
Chemical
Laser
What is the primary objective in the treatment of burns?
Lessen or prevent shock and infection
What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?
Urgent- within 2 hours
Priority- within 4 hours
Routine- within 24 hours
What is the first aid procedure for a white phosphorous casualty?
Smother the flame by submerging the affected area in water or pack with mud. Then remove the particles by brushing or picking them out
What is the first step in the first aid of a burn victim?
Remove the casualty from the source of the burn
What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?
The jaw thrust
Head tilt/chin lift methods
What is the major cause of tooth decay and gum disease?
Dental plaque
What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
Unexplained runny nose
Unexplained headache
Sudden drooling
Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
Stomach cramps
Nausea
Tachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat wth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
Strange or confused behavior.
Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
Severely pinpointed pupils.
Red eyes with tearing.
Vomiting.
Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
Involuntary urination and defecation.
Convulsions.
Unconsciousness.
Respiratory failure.
Bradycardia.
When was the NCO support channel formally recognized?
20 December 1976
What is Sergeant's Business?
To train and lead soldiers
What is a Sergeant?
A leader..(dont mess with the core)
Explain the Chain of Command
The succession of commanders superior to subordinates through which command is exercised
Define Responsibility
Being accountable for what you do
How does the Chain of Command support the NCO support channel?
By legally punishing those who challenge a sergeant's authority
Define Duty.
Duty is a legal or moral obligation to do what should be done without being told to do it
What is the role of the CSM?
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Battalion commander
How does a Commander exercise command?
Through subordinate commanders
When was the position of Sergeant Major of the Army established?
4 July 1966
Is the CSM in the Chain of Command?
No (but he supervises the NCO support channel)
What are key elements of command?
Authority and Responsibility
What is the NCO Support Channel?
It is the channel of communication that reinforces the Chain of Command
What must a Sergeant have in order to accomplish Sergeant's Business?
The Skill, ability and Leadership to train soldiers for combat and lead them into combat
Who is the only member of both your chain of command the your NCO support channel?
Your first line supervisor, section, squad or team leader
What are the three general orders?
I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post only when properly relieved.
I will obey my special orders and perform all my duties in a military manner.
I will report violations of my special orders, emergencies, and anything not covered in my instructions to the Commander of the Relief.
What two types of orders can a guard receive?
General orders
Special orders
What are you normally responsible for at your guard post?
Your post and all government property in view
What specifies the time for challenging?
The special orders
Who is responsible for the instruction, discipline and performance of the guards?
The commander of the guards
How would you challenge people in a vehicle?
You would challenge the same as if on foot but, make one or all of the individuals dismount the vehicle if deemed necessary.
What are the two words that the countersign consists of?
Challenge and Password
What is the proper use of deadly force?
Only the minimum amount of force necessary to make an apprehension
At what position do you hold your rifle while challenging?
Port arms
What Field Manual covers Guard duty?
FM 22-6
What are the two different types of guard mountings?
Formal
Informal
What is your chain of command as a guard?
Commander of the relief,
Sergeant of the guard
Officer of the guard
Field officer of the day
Commanding officer at the level responsible for the guard mount
What type of guard is normally used to protect a unit in a tactical environment?
Field Officer of the Day
If you sleep on duty, what could your punishment be?
Court Martial
What are two types of guard duty?
Interior guard
Exterior guard
What is the normal length of time for a field officer of the day?
24 hrs
How long will a guard normally stay at his post?
2 to 4 hours
Who is normally in charge of establishing the special orders for guard posts?
The Post Commander
Does a guard salute indoors?
Yes
When are guards not required to salute?
No salute is given by a guard who is engaged in a specific duty, the performance of which prevents saluting.
What are three examples of exterior guard?
Lookouts
Listening posts
Outposts
What are the duties of a guard?
They must memorize, understand, and comply with the general orders for guards. In addition, guards must understand and comply with special orders applying to their particular posts, including the use of the countersign and parole word, if they are in effect.
What is a parole word?
The parole (word) is used to check on the countersign when inspecting guards. Any person in time of war who discloses the parole word or countersign to any person not entitled to receive it, shall be punished by death or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct (Article 101, Uniform Code of Military Justice).
What do special orders define?
Exactly what a guard must do in a particular post
What is supernumerary?
An extra member of the guard who is used when needed to replace a guard or to perform special duties as prescribed by local directives.
When was the 82nd ID Formed
August 25th 1917 at camp gordon,Georgia
Why did the 82nd become names the all americans
because when it was formed it had soldiers from all 48 states
where did the 82nd first deploy and when
in the spring of 1918 to france where they fought three major campaigns and helped break the spirit of the german imperial army, they were in combat for nearly 5 months
when in world war II was the 82nd reactivated
on march 25th 1942 at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana
we was the 82nd id names the 82nd airborne
august 15th,1942
when and where did the 82nd deploy to first in world war II
april 1943 to north africa
what were the first two combat operations in world war II for the 82nd
the were parachute and glider assualts into silcily and salerno italy on july 9 and september 13th 1943
when why and who were named the named devils in baggy pants by a german officer
january 1944 the 504th P.I.R while fighting in anzio found the name in a german officers diary
with the exception of the 504th when was the 82nd pulled from italy to prepare for the liberation fo europe
november 1943
what was the operation named that had paratroopers jump into normandy and what operation was it part of
operation NEPTUNE and was part of operation OVERLORD
in preparation for operation NEPTUNE what two new PIRs were former
the 507th and 508th
on what days did the paratroopers and glider infantry jump into Normandy france
june 5-6 1944
how many days of combat and hom casulties were suffered after the all american division was pulled back to england
33 days and 5425 paratroopers killed
afte the invasion the 82nd became part of a corp that consisted of what
the 18th airborne corps which consisted of the 17th,101st and 82nd airbore divisions
when and what was the operation called to jump into holland
september 1944 and the operation was operation MARKETGARDEN
when did the 82nd jump into holland
sept 17th 1944
when was the 82nd ordered back to france after a failed attempt into germany
september 1944
when was the battle of ardennes
december 16th 1944
who named the 82nd americas gaurd of honor and why
the 82nd was ordered to Berlin for occupation duty. In Berlin General George Patton was so impressed with the 82nd's honor guard he said, "In all my years in the Army and all the honor guards I have ever seen, the 82nd's honor guard is undoubtedly the best." Hence the "All-Americans" became known as "America's Guard of Honor."
when did the 82nd return home and where were there new home
The 82nd returned to the United States January 3, 1946. Instead of being demobilized, the 82nd made its permanent home at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and was designated a regular Army division on November 15, 1948.
what did the 82nd do during the 1950s and 60s and where
Life in the 82nd during the 1950s and 1960s consisted of intensive training exercises in all environments and locations to include Alaska, Panama, the Far East and the continental United States.
when,where,who was alerted in 1965
3rd brigade, april 1965 to respond to a civil war in the domincan republic in operation POWER PACK
in 1968 what did the 82nd do
During the Tet Offensive, which swept across the Republic of Vietnam in January 1968, the 3rd Brigade was alerted and within 24 hours, the brigade was enroute to Chu Lai. The 3rd Brigade performed combat duties in the Hue-Phu Bai area of the I Corps sector. Later the brigade was moved south to Saigon, and fought battles in the Mekong Delta, the Iron Triangle and along the Cambodian border. After serving nearly 22 months in Vietnam, the 3rd Brigade troopers returned to Fort Bragg on December 12, 1969.
what did the 82nd do during the 70s
During the 1970s, Division units deployed to the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Greece for exercises in potential future battlegrounds.
how many times was the 82nd alerted in the 1970s and why
War in the Middle East in the fall of 1973 brought the 82nd to full alert. Then in May 1978, the Division was alerted for a possible drop into Zaire, and again in November 1979, the Division was alerted for a possible operation to rescue the American hostages in Iran.
when,where and who deployed in 1983 from the 82nd
On October 25, 1983 elements of the 82nd were called back to the Caribbean to the tiny island of Grenada. The first 82nd unit to deploy in Operation URGENT FURY was a task force of the 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment.
who joined 2-325s operations in grenada and when
On October 26 and 27, the 1st Battalion, 505th Infantry and the 1st Battalion, 508th Infantry, with support units deployed to Grenada. Military operations in Grenada ended in early November
what was the grenada invasion called
Operation URGENT FURY tested the Division's ability to deploy as a rapid deployment force. The first aircraft carrying division troopers touched down at Point Salinas 17 hours after notification.
who deployed in 1988
In March 1988, a brigade task force made up of two battalions from the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment conducted a parachute insertion and airland operation into Honduras as part of Operation GOLDEN PHEASANT. The deployment was billed a joint training exercise, but the paratroopers were ready to fight. The deployment of armed and willing paratroopers to the Honduran countryside caused the Sandinistas to withdraw back to Nicaragua. Operation GOLDEN PHEASANT prepared the paratroopers for future combat in the increasingly unstable world.
who and when did the 82nd deploy in 1989
dec 20 1989 1-504th and 2-504th parachuted into panama for the first time since world war II they met 3-504, the victorius paratroopers returned july 12 1990
when did the 82nd deploy to kuwait
august 2 1990, the first unit was a force of 2nd brigade paratroopers, on january 16th 1991air planes pounded iraqi targets, the ground war began on february 23 1991
how long was the ground war and what happened
100 hours, captured thousands of iraqi soldiers and tons of equipment, weapons and ammunition
when did the 82nd come back to fort bragg
after the liberation of kuwait, with most troops returning by the end of april
when and why was the 82nd alerted to deploy to south florida
In August 1992, the Division was alerted to deploy a task force to the hurricane-ravaged area of South Florida and provide humanitarian assistance following Hurricane Andrew. For more than 30 days, Division troopers provided food, shelter and medical attention to a grateful Florida population, instilling a sense of hope and renewed confidence in the military.
what happened in sept 1944
On the 50th anniversary of the Operation MARKET-GARDEN, the 82nd again answered the nation's call and prepared to conduct a parachute assault in the Caribbean nation of Haiti to help restore democracy. With the troopers aboard aircraft heading towards the island, the defacto regime capitulated, and the Division was turned back to Fort Bragg.
when were the 82nd sent to kosovo
in the summer of 1999 2325 arrived in january 2001
when were the 82nd deployed to afghanistan
immediatly after sept 11 2001
what happened with 2nd bct in february 2003
You are here: home > unit history > division > 82nd airborne division

82nd Airborne Division

Posted Sunday, October 16, 2005

The 82nd Airborne Division has had its share of famous soldiers from Sergeant Alvin C. York to General James M. Gavin. But that's not what the 82nd is really about. The real story of the 82nd is the thousands of unnamed paratroopers in jump boots, baggy pants and maroon berets, who have always been ready and willing to jump into danger and then drive on until the mission was accomplished.

The 82nd has become so well known for its airborne accomplishments, that its proud World War I heritage is almost forgotten.

The 82nd Infantry Division was formed August 25, 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia. Since members of the Division came from all 48 states, the unit was given the nickname "All-Americans," hence its famed "AA" shoulder patch.

In the spring of 1918, the Division deployed to France. In nearly five months of combat the 82nd fought in three major campaigns and helped to break the fighting spirit of the German Imperial Army.

The 82nd was demobilized after World War I. For more than 20 years the "All-American Division" would live only in the memories of men who served in its ranks during the Great War.

With the outbreak of World War II, the 82nd was reactivated on March 25, 1942 at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana under the command of Major General Omar N. Bradley.

On August 15, 1942, the 82nd Infantry Division became the first airborne division in the U.S. Army. On that date, the All-American Division was redesignated the 82nd Airborne Division.

In April 1943, paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne Division set sail for North Africa under the command of Major General Matthew B. Ridgway to participate in the campaign to puncture the soft underbelly of the Third Reich.

The Division's first two combat operations were parachute and glider assaults into Sicily and Salerno, Italy on July 9 and September 13, 1943.

In January 1944, the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, which was temporarily detached from the Division to fight at Anzio, earned the nickname "Devils in Baggy Pants." The nickname was taken from an entry made in a German officer's diary.

While the 504th was detached, the remainder of the 82nd was pulled out of Italy in November 1943 and moved to the United Kingdom to prepare for the liberation of Europe.

With two combat jumps under its belt, the 82nd Airborne Division was now ready for the most ambitious airborne operation of the war, Operation NEPTUNE-the airborne invasion of Normandy. The operation was part of Operation OVERLORD, the amphibious assault on the northern coast of Nazi-occupied France.

In preparation for the operation, the division was reorganized. Two new parachute infantry regiments, the 507th and the 508th, joined the division, Due to its depleted state following the fighting in Italy, the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment did not take part in the invasion.

On June 5-6, 1944, the paratroopers of the 82nd's three parachute infantry regiments and reinforced glider infantry regiment boarded hundreds of transport planes and gliders and, began the largest airborne assault in history. They were among the first soldiers to fight in Normandy, France.

By the time the All-American Division was pulled back to England, it had seen 33 days of bloody combat and suffered 5,245 paratroopers killed, wounded or missing. The Division's post battle report read, "...33 days of action without relief, without replacements. Every mission accomplished. No ground gained was ever relinquished."

Following the Normandy invasion, the 82nd became part of the newly organized XVIII Airborne Corps, which consisted of the U.S. 17th, 82nd, and 101st Airborne Divisions.

In September, the 82nd began planning for Operation MARKET-GARDEN in Holland. The operation called for three-plus airborne divisions to seize and hold key bridges and roads deep behind German lines. The 504th now back at full strength rejoined the 82nd, while the 507th went to the 17th Airborne Division.

On September 17, the 82nd Airborne Division conducted its fourth combat jump of World War II into Holland. Fighting off ferocious German counterattacks, the 82nd captured its objectives between Grave and Nijmegen. Its success, however, was short-lived because the defeat of other Allied units at Arnhem.

The gateway to Germany would not open in September 1944, and the 82nd was ordered back to France.

Suddenly, on December 16, 1944, the Germans launched a surprise offensive through the Ardennes Forest which caught the Allies completely by surprise. Two days later the 82nd joined the fighting and blunted General Von Runstedt's northern penetration in the American lines.

Following the surrender of Germany, the 82nd was ordered to Berlin for occupation duty. In Berlin General George Patton was so impressed with the 82nd's honor guard he said, "In all my years in the Army and all the honor guards I have ever seen, the 82nd's honor guard is undoubtedly the best." Hence the "All-Americans" became known as "America's Guard of Honor."

The 82nd returned to the United States January 3, 1946. Instead of being demobilized, the 82nd made its permanent home at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and was designated a regular Army division on November 15, 1948.

Life in the 82nd during the 1950s and 1960s consisted of intensive training exercises in all environments and locations to include Alaska, Panama, the Far East and the continental United States.

In April 1965, the "All-Americans" were alerted for action in response to the civil war raging in the Dominican Republic. Spearheaded by the 3rd Brigade, the 82nd deployed to the Caribbean in Operation POWER PACK. Peace and stability was restored by June 17, when the rebel guns were silenced.

But three years later, the 82nd Airborne Division was again called to action. During the Tet Offensive, which swept across the Republic of Vietnam in January 1968, the 3rd Brigade was alerted and within 24 hours, the brigade was enroute to Chu Lai. The 3rd Brigade performed combat duties in the Hue-Phu Bai area of the I Corps sector. Later the brigade was moved south to Saigon, and fought battles in the Mekong Delta, the Iron Triangle and along the Cambodian border. After serving nearly 22 months in Vietnam, the 3rd Brigade troopers returned to Fort Bragg on December 12, 1969.

During the 1970s, Division units deployed to the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Greece for exercises in potential future battlegrounds.

The Division was also alerted three times. War in the Middle East in the fall of 1973 brought the 82nd to full alert. Then in May 1978, the Division was alerted for a possible drop into Zaire, and again in November 1979, the Division was alerted for a possible operation to rescue the American hostages in Iran.

On October 25, 1983 elements of the 82nd were called back to the Caribbean to the tiny island of Grenada. The first 82nd unit to deploy in Operation URGENT FURY was a task force of the 2nd Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment.

On October 26 and 27, the 1st Battalion, 505th Infantry and the 1st Battalion, 508th Infantry, with support units deployed to Grenada. Military operations in Grenada ended in early November.

Operation URGENT FURY tested the Division's ability to deploy as a rapid deployment force. The first aircraft carrying division troopers touched down at Point Salinas 17 hours after notification.

In March 1988, a brigade task force made up of two battalions from the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment conducted a parachute insertion and airland operation into Honduras as part of Operation GOLDEN PHEASANT. The deployment was billed a joint training exercise, but the paratroopers were ready to fight. The deployment of armed and willing paratroopers to the Honduran countryside caused the Sandinistas to withdraw back to Nicaragua. Operation GOLDEN PHEASANT prepared the paratroopers for future combat in the increasingly unstable world.

On December 20, 1989, the "All-Americans," as part of Operation JUST CAUSE, conducted their first combat jump since World War II onto Torrijos International Airport, Panama. The paratroopers' goal was to oust a ruthless dictator and restore the duly-elected government to power in Panama. The 1st Brigade task force made up of the 1st and 2nd Battalions, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, parachuted into combat for the first time since World War II. In Panama, the paratroopers were joined on the ground by 3rd Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment which was already in Panama. After the night combat jump and seizure of the airport, the 82nd conducted follow-on combat air assault missions in Panama City and the surrounding areas.

The victorious paratroopers returned to Fort Bragg on January 12, 1990.

But seven months later the paratroopers were again called to war. Six days after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990, the 82nd became the vanguard of the largest deployment of American troops since Vietnam.

The first unit to deploy to Saudi Arabia was a task force comprising the Division's 2nd Brigade. Soon after, the rest of the Division followed. There, intensive training began in anticipation of fighting in the desert with the heavily armored Iraqi Army.

The adage, or battle cry picked up by the paratroopers was, "The road home...is through Baghdad."

On January 16, 1991, Operation DESERT STORM began when an armada of Allied war planes pounded Iraqi targets. The ground war began almost six weeks later. On February 23, the vehicle mounted 82nd Airborne Division paratroopers protected the XVIII Airborne Corps flank as fast-moving armor and mechanized units moved deep inside Iraq. A 2nd Brigade task force was attached to the 6th French Light Armored Division becoming the far left flank of the Corps.

In the short 100-hour ground war, the vehicle mounted 82nd drove deep into Iraq and captured thousands of Iraqi soldiers and tons of equipment, weapons and ammunition.

After the liberation of Kuwait, the 82nd began its redeployment back to Fort Bragg with most of the Division returning by the end of April.

Following the Division's return and subsequent victory parades, the troopers began to re-establish some of the systems that had become dormant during their eight months in the desert. On top of the list was the regaining of individual and unit airborne proficiency and the continuation of tough and realistic training.

In August 1992, the Division was alerted to deploy a task force to the hurricane-ravaged area of South Florida and provide humanitarian assistance following Hurricane Andrew. For more than 30 days, Division troopers provided food, shelter and medical attention to a grateful Florida population, instilling a sense of hope and renewed confidence in the military.

On the 50th anniversary of the Operation MARKET-GARDEN, the 82nd again answered the nation's call and prepared to conduct a parachute assault in the Caribbean nation of Haiti to help restore democracy. With the troopers aboard aircraft heading towards the island, the defacto regime capitulated, and the Division was turned back to Fort Bragg.

82nd Airborne Division paratroopers were among the first ground troops sent into the war-torn Kosovo region of the Balkans in Summer 1999, when the 2nd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment moved in from neighboring Macedonia. They were followed shortly by the 3d Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, who themselves will be followed by the 1st Battalion, 325th Airborne Infantry Regiment in January 2001 as part of regular peacekeeping operation rotations.

When America was attacked on Sept. 11, 2001, President George W. Bush called upon the American military to fight global terrorism. 82d soldiers deployed to Afghanistan and the Central Command Area of Responsibility to support combat operations.

In June 2002 the 82nd Airborne's Task Force Panther, comprised of elements from the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment and other 82nd units, deployed to the Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Task Force Devil, comprised of the 504th PIR and other 82nd elements, replaced Task Force Panther in January 2003, where they currently maintain the division's mission until further notice.

In February of 2003, the 2nd Brigade Combat Team (BCT), deployed along with the Division Headquarters to Kuwait in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Division conducted sustained combat operations throughout Iraq and the CENTCOM area of operations. In May 2003 the Division Headquarters returned to Fort Bragg. The 2nd BCT remained in Iraq attached to the 1st Armored Division and continued to conduct combat operations. The Division Headquarters along with the 3rd BCT and elements of the DIVARTY, DISCOM, Aviation, and separate battalions returned to Iraq in August of 2003 to continue command and control over combat operations in and around Baghdad. In January 2004 the 1st BCT deployed to conduct combat operations in OIF. The 2nd BCT redeployed to Fort Bragg, North Carolina in February. The Division Headquarters was relieved by the 1st Marine Expeditionary Division in March of 2004 and the remaining 82nd forces in Iraq redeployed to Fort Bragg, NC by the end of April 2004. For the first time in two years all of the Division's units were returned to home station.
when did 2-325 deploy to iraq in order to support iraqi elections
In December 2004, the 82nd's 1-17th Cav, TF 2-325 and TF 3-325 deployed to Iraq in support of the Iraqi national elections. They started their redeployment to Fort Bragg in March 2005.
what army publication addresses equal oppurtunity
ar 600-20
describe eo policy of the army
the policy states that all soldiersa and their families will be treated the same without regard ti race,color religion,gender or national origin will be provided an envirioment free of sexual harrasment
does the army eo poloicy apply off post
,yes including off post housing
what is fraternization
associtation with someone or something.
describe some types of fraternization prohibited by the army eo policy
iinappropriate relations between officers and enlisted soldiers ,soldiers of diffrent ranks,permant party soldiers and iet,ait,military school students
if the only aviable field rations compromise a soldiers normal religious dietary need, does that soldier have to eat those rations
no, the soldier may request a policy exception oin order to take personal supplemental rations when in a field/combat envirioment
are soldiers allowed to wear religios headgear during normal duty hours
yes providing it doesnt impair the safe and effective operation of military equipment,weapons or machinery ,pose a health or safety hazard to the weared or to others, interfere with the wearing or proer functioning of special pr protective clothing or equipment
does a unit have let a soldier attend religious services
yes,unless military duty is a neccesity, if the religious worship is regualy held during duty hours, the soldier must be prepared to work alternstive duty hours
describe thobjective or the armys affirmitive action plan
the army requires that all personnel are treated according to their merit, fitness,capability and job related factors, and not on race,color,sex,age,national origin or other irrelevant factors
must a soldier fo to the unit eo advisor if he or she has an eo complaint
no he or she may tak =e the complaint to the post inspector general,a chaplain,post eo advisor ,provost marshall,housing refferal office,judge advocate or medical personell
can a soldier be seperated from the army when parenthood itnerfers with military responsibilites
yes, ar 635-200 outlines separation conditions
what is sexual harrasment
a type of sexual discrimination that includes unwelcomed sexual advances,requests for sexual favors,verbal statements or physical contact of a sexual nature
what is a person guilty of if he or she continues to tell sexual jokes in front of an individual after being told that he or she feels the jokes are offensive
sexual harrasment
can a soldier be prosecuted for sexual harrasment for an incident thats occurs off post
yes
what can happen to a soldier who fails to provide an approved family care plan
that soldier can be barred from reenlistment
what can happen to a soldier who fails to properly manage jis family affairs
that soldier can be barred from reenlistment
what army publication specifically prohibts the formation of military labor unions
ar 600-20
when can soldiers hold public office
when they are not on active duty, extended active duty,or on a tour of extended active duty, a soldier agreed to perform as a condition for recieving traing or schooling at goverment expense
moh recipients
Charles N. DeGlopper, Pfc, Company C, 325th Glider Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division, Merderet River at la Fiere, France, June 9, 1944.

• Leonard Funk, 1st Sgt, Company C, 508th Parachute Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division, Holzheim, Belgium, January 29, 1945.

• John R.Towle, Pvt, Company C, 504th Parachute Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division, nr. Oosterhout, Holland, September 21, 1944.
Alvin Cullum York (December 13, 1887 – September 2, 1964) was a United States soldier, famous as a World War I hero. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others during the U.S.-led Meuse-Argonne Offensive in France.[1]

Lt. Col. Emory J. Pike of Columbia City, Iowa, division machine gun officer, for action near Vandieras, France, Sept. 15, 1918. While on a front line reconnaissance mission, heavy artillery shelling disorganized advancing infantry units. He reorganized the units, secured the position against attack and was severely wounded by shell fire when he went to the aid of a wounded soldier in an outpost
what is fratricide
the use of weapons and munitions with the intent to kill the enemy or destroy enemy equipment oe facilities, but results in unforeseen and unintentional death or injury of us or allied personnel
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