Chapter 1 The Field of Social Gerontology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Ageism
A systematic stereotyping of and discrimination against people because they are old.
Chronological Age
Number of years a person has lived.
Cohort
The aggregate of individuals who experienced the same events within the same time interval.
Generation
A term applied to studies of family processes, refers to kinship links.
Social Role
A set of expectations of guidelines for people who occupy a given position or status, such as widow, grandfather, or retiree.
Subjective Age Identity
How people subjectively define their age; most important factors in determining subjective age identity are activity level and health.
Age Discrimination
Negative behavior toward older people; acting on the basis of stereotypes.
Cohort Aging
The continuous advancement of a cohort from one age category to another over its life span.
Cohort Effect
A difference due to the experiences or characteristics of the particular cohort to which an individual belongs.
Frail Elderly
Older people who depend on others for carrying out their daily activities; they show some mental or physical deterioration and need care from family members.
Functional Age
A definition of age based on how people look and what they can do; in funtional terms, a person becomes old when he or she can no longer perform the major roles of adulthood.
Generational Equity
The view that there is a political trade-off between meeting the needs of the young and the old, that the flow of resources to the elderly has been inequitable, and that this issue will create intergenerational conflict.
Gerontology
The scientific tudy of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of aging.
Middle-Old
People aged 75 - 84
New Ageism
A tendency to patronize and be overly solicitous to the elderly.
Oldest-Old
People 85 or older.
Senescence
The study of the biolgical processes that cause mental and physical decline in old age.
Social Gerontology
The study of the social aspects of aging.
Medicaid
Enacted in 1965; a program of health insurances for the poor; pays a large share of nursing home costs.
Somewhat Impaired Elderly
People who are beginning to experience chronic ailments and need some assistance from family or community service agencies.
Sterotypes
A composite of ideas and beliefs attributed to people as a group or social category.
Successful Aging
The attainment of peak physical and psychological functioning and participation in rewarding social activities.
Well Elderly
People who are healthy and active, involved in social and leisure activities, often employed or busy with volunteer work, still carrying out family responsiblities, and fully engaged in the life of the community.
Young-Old
People 65 - 74.
Medicare
Enacted in 1965; a national health insurance program for all people 65 or older who are eligible for Social Security; granted as an automatic right to all qualified workers and their spouses.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
A federal means-tested, social assistance program for the aged, blind, and disabled poor.
Social Security
Old age insurance; public pension system for retired workers who have made payrol tax contributions; also includes benefits for the disabled, widows, and spouses.
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