Am. Hist. Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Whiskey Rebellion
Mansa Musa
? South Africa
people of the coast
Black Hand Society
founded 1911
Black Hand Society
terrorist organization in Serbia
part of Pan-Slavist movement, wanted to unite all Slavic populations against Austria-Hungary
assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria
June 28, 1914: Sarajevo Incident, Principe
Russian elected councils that originated as strike committees during the 1905 St. Petersburg disorders; they represented a form of local self-government that went on to become the primary unit of government in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The term was also used during the cold war to designate the Soviet Union
"First Citizen"; in the principate there is only one leading statesman-Emperor
Virginia Colony/ Jamestown
Successfully established in 1607.
Established with much difficulty- 2/3 of the 100 Jamestown colonists died within the first 9 months of the colony (social issue/ disease & death).
**Economic success via agricultural success of tobacco.
Who was Zoroaster?
Attempted to introduce monotheism
Realized the worship of numerous idols was bad and called for the abandonment of this practice
Richard Olney
Cleveland's attorney general and secretary of state. He helped with the Venezuelan Boundary dispute and to break up the Pullman/ ARU strike.
Roman Emperor who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire but didn't outlaw Judaism. Judaism continues as a second class religion, tolerate but held in contempt, legal but not equal
- military, economic, and political systems based on personal loyalty & kinship
- became principle system of middle ages
- 3 major aspects: new social order, code of conduct, artistic & literary tradition
- 2 major components: personal, and property
- complex hierarchy of feudalism: kings -> powerful lords -> lesser lords -> knights
- territorial boundaries unclear
15th amendment
Ratified 1870. One of the "Reconstruction Amendments". Provided that no government in the United States shall prevent a citizen from voting based on the citizen's race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Marshall Plan
U.S. program for the reconstruction for Post WWII Europe through massive aid to former enemy nations as well as allies.
Proposed by General George Marshall 1947
$13 billion to promote European recovery.
Czech Communist coup d'etat assured congressional passage of Marshall Plan.
What major groups of people invaded India during the second half of the first millennium and the early second millennium of the Common Era?
John Calvin (1509-1564) he was a second gen Protestant Reformer-Set the principles of Protestantism.
Goals of the Progressives
1. Initiative
2. Referendum
3. Recall
4. Direct Primaries
5. Australian Ballot
6. City-Manager form for local governments
7. Direct election of U.S. Senators
8. Graduated income tax
9. Female Suffrage
10. 8-hour workday and maximum hours
11. Workers compensation
12. Minimum wage
13. Postal Savings Banks
Stamp Act
British wanted Americans to contribute to the British Empire so they proposed a tax where they had to buy a stamp to do things like have a liquor liscense, mortgage, deed, car, newspaperssince it was a tax from parliament and the king, NOT from the colonial assembly, the americans didnt like it
Jose Marti
Cuban national hero, led rebellion against Spanish in 1895. Poor treatment of Cubans by Spanish military officials inflamed public opinion in US, leading to US entering Spanish-American war.
- religion based on teachings of Zoroaster
- believed in constant battle between choosing what is good or evil
- everyone has a "free will" in determining good or evil
- polytheistic views
The Imperial Doughnut
East of the Mississippi, Indian country was surrounded on all sides by the 3 competing Europeans
freedom riders
in 1960s james merideth and CORE decided to protest bus segregation laws by taking intergrated teams on buses throughout the south
Henry Grady
published an editorial in the Herald entitled "The New South," in which he advocated industrial development as a solution to the postwar South's economic and social troubles. He became editor of the Atlanta Constitution where he continued to write his political opinions.
Where did the earliest civilizations emerge?
Mesopotamia and Egypt
Law of Return
Israeli legislation, enacted in 1950, that gives Jews, those of Jewish ancestry, and their spouses the right to migrate to and settle in Israel and gain citizenship.
"Butcher" Weyler
Weyler was a Spanish leader who instituted the reconcentrados, or concentration camps, in Cuba during the war in the 1890's. Because 50,000 Cubans died in one camp, he became known as "Butcher."
Pullman Strike
the labor unions strike against the railroads of the United STates
A prejudice, a prejudgment, a form of attitude in which ppl are judged prematurely
Abolitionism was a movement to end the slave trade and emancipate slaves in western Europe and the Americas. The slave system aroused little protest until the 18th century, when rationalist thinkers of the Enlightenment criticized it for violating the rights of man, and Quaker and other evangelical religious groups condemned it as un-Christian.
compromise of 1877
Unwritten deal that settled the 1876 presidential election contest between Rutherford Hayes (Rep) and Samuel Tilden (Dem.) Hayes was awarded the presidency in exchange for the permanent removal of federal troops from the South.
Interstate Commerce Commission
Reacting to the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that constitutional protection of individual rights did not fully apply to residents of "insular" territories acquired by the United States in the Spanish-American War, such as Puerto Rico and the Philippines
Who told slave holders to move to kansas to vote to make it a slave state, he also hired people to intemidate the anti-slavery population?
david Atchinson
Bandung Conference
a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, which took place on April 18–24, 1955
Dingley Tariff
This tariff was passed in 1897 under the McKinley administration and sets a record high for the tariff in the United States. The average tariff is 52%
15th Ammendment
This clarifies that citizens of the US shall also not be denied the right to vote based on race, color, or previous servitude.This was important because it further clarified the 14th ammendment and also helped to bring about a committment to equality after the civil war
pax Deorum
Roman concept of religion as a legal contract between the Divine Power and the Human Community
The First Great Awakening (social repercussions for Slaves)
Slaves: responded to Evangelical message that anyone could be saved, regardless of skin color. Slaves were presented with opportunities to serve as leaders & preachers in these churches and with the chance to form their own black churches in some cities.
Practical benefits of joining a church: salvation, Christmas holidays, weekly church meetings/ social gatherings, Christian marriage (helped keep families together).
**Focus: Institutionalized social oppression based on race. Formation of black communities.
Ku Klux Klan
From 1868 through the early 1870s the ____________functioned as a loosely organized group of political and social terrorists. The _____'s goals included political defeat of the Republican Party and the maintenance of absolute white supremacy in response to newly gained civil and political rights by southern blacks after the Civil War (1861-65). They were more successful in achieving their political goals than they were with their social goals during the Reconstruction era.
Nazi Party = _____Why add socialist?were they socialist?
Nationalist Socialist Workers Party- to compete w/socialist party- NOT really socialist
Henry Cabot Lodge
He was one of the leading "strong" reservationists.
Reichstagg speech
2 hr. speech by hitler in which he threatens that if world jewery leads germany into another world war it will be the the destruction of the jewish race in europe
Latinos in the Labor Force
Bracero Progam 1942: Mexico agreed to provide seasonal farmworkers in exchange for a promise not to draft them into military service. Offered fair wages and transportation.
recruited previously deportd Mexicans to work crops
200k Mexican farmworkes entered Western US on year long contracts, = # crossed border unknown.
Zoot-Suit Riot: 1943 off-duty servicemen rampaged L.A. assaulting Latinos, AfAm's, and Filipinos.
What were the major goals and accomplishments of the Crusades?
They were originally peaceful pilgrimages to holy places
Became violent against non-Christians and some Orthodox Christians
The 4th Crusade failed because it didn't gain military support from secular rulers
Jones Act of 1917
This act gave people in Puerto Rico freedom and make them U.S. citizens.
Socio-Political Aspects of Puritan New England
Puritans wanted to reform the religion and develop a closer relationship with God.
Populations of British colonies in New England grew rapidly in the 17th century
**Social commonalities dictated by religious influence provided a strict form of governance.
Who was Johannes Kepler and what was his major scientific achievement?
German mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher
Suggested that the heavenly bodies revolved around the sun in a set elliptical pattern
Had gotten closer than anyone else at this point in time
He believed that you can only find salvation through the bible. "Justification through faith" The average person must have knowledge and understand.
Why is Martin Luther significant?
What were the reasons for the spread of Christianity?
It was universally appealing because it contained parts of many religions
The people of Rome were looking to fulfill spirituality, and Christianity provided them with the hope of afterlife
Who played a major role in the revival that influenced the Middle and New England colonies?
George Whitefield and Johathan Edwards
How did Medina receive the message of Muhammad?
They were more welcoming at first because they were a lot more diverse and accepting
Thurgood Marshall
first African-American to serve on the Supreme Court Appointed by LBJ As a lawyer had 29 Supreme Court victories out of 32, including Brown v. Board of Education
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