Intro/Concepts Flashcards

Personal computer
Terms Definitions
The ____ is the largest and most well known computer network in the world.
Internet
An input ____ is any piece of equipment that is used to input data into the computer.
device
Recordable DVDs have not yet reached a single standard, so there are competing formats that are not necessarily compatible with each other or with all DVD+RW devices.
True
Once a file is stored inside a folder, it cannot be moved to another folder.
False
Which of the following is a computer designed to be used in large organizations (such as hospitals, corporations, and universities) that need to manage large amounts of centralized data?
mainframe computer
A personal digital assistant is a type of ____.
handheld computer
The process of loading the operating system into the computer's memory from auxiliary storage is called ________.
booting
Regardless of the technology used, the screen of a display device is divided into a fine grid of small areas or dots called grids.
False
ASCII normally represents each character as a unique combination of ____ bits.
8
Which of the following are types of built-in wireless network connections?
Bluetooth, WiMAX
Which of the following is a third-generation programming language?
FORTRAN
Though computers have been used in the workplace for years, their role is continually evolving.
True
The data on a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM can be erased, changed, or added to.
False
Which of the following is NOT an example of e-commerce?
a person searching the Internet for the latest news
A kilobyte (KB) is equal to ____ bytes.
1024
Which of the following operations can be defined as entering data into the computer?
input
All of the following except __________ are commonly used application system software.
operating system software
____ memory has begun to replace ROM for system information, such as a PC’s BIOS information.
RAM
To access a Web page, the user can type its Internet address into the appropriate location on the Web browser screen.
True
Both ISPs and OSPs provide access to the Internet.
True
Floppy disks, CDs, and DVDs are examples of ____ media, while hard drives are typically ____ media systems.
removable, fixed
____-generation computers were powered by vacuum tubes and were enormous, often taking up entire rooms.
First
People around the world are making use of the Internet to __________.
All of the above
The arithmetic/logic unit is the part of the central processing unit (CPU) that performs the logical and arithmetic processes.
True
LAN stands for ____.
Local Area Network
Being a registered user not only can cost time and money when calling with a support question, it also makes a computer buyer ineligible for special pricing on software upgrades.
False
A floppy disk is a type of magnetic disk, which means it uses magnetic patterns to store items such as data, instructions, and information on the disk’s surface.
True
Plan to buy a computer that will last you for ____ year(s).
Two to Three
____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.
Memory
External pieces of hardware are plugged into connectors called ____, located on the exterior of the system unit, unless they are wireless devices.
ports
Passive-matrix screens display high-quality color that is viewable from all angles.
False
Desktop computers usually conform to which of the following standards?
Windows and Macintosh
Many Internet resources are in the form of Web pages and are accessed using a ____, a special program designed to view Web pages.
Web Browser
The ____ unit is the main case of a computer.
system
A URL consists of a protocol, domain name, and sometimes the path to a specific Web page or location in a page.
True
One billion bytes is called a __________, and typical hard disk sizes range from 10 to 75 billion bytes.
Gigabyte GB
Most laser printers use just black toner powder, though relatively expensive color laser printers are available.
True
Many credit cards now offer purchase protection and extended warranty benefits that cover a computer buyer in case of loss of or damage to purchased goods.
True
Business to business e-commerce involves one customer selling directly to another.
False
With the exception of computers designed to use only network storage devices (such as network computers and some Internet appliances), virtually all PCs come with a hard drive that is used to store most programs and data.
True
All of the following are operations in the information processing cycle except __________.
Communication
Scripting languages such as HTML indicate where text, images, hyperlinks, and other elements on a Web page should be displayed and how they should look by the use of special codes called tags that are inserted in the appropriate locations in the Web page
False
Whether the printer uses dots of ink or flecks of toner powder or some other print method, printer quality is typically measured in dots per ____.
inch
The control unit is the part of the central processing unit (CPU) that interprets the instructions.
True
Today, most computers use an operating system that has a graphical user interface.
True
Before buying a computer system, the purchaser should do some research on the __________.
All of the above
Which of the following are components of the central processing unit?
arithmetic/logic, control
The main processing device for a computer system is the ____.
CPU
Presentation graphics software allows users to create documents called slides to be used in making presentations.
True
Magnetic disks use magnetic particles to store items such as data, instructions, and information on a disk’s surface.
True
Laser printers form images by spraying tiny drops of ink onto the page.
False
Diagnostic tools help test system components monitor system resources such as memory and processing power, undo changes made to system files, and more.
True
All devices used with a computer need to be connected to which of the following in one way or another?
Motherboard
Backup is the process of dividing the disk into tracks and sectors.
False
The disadvantages of mobile computers, such as lower processor speeds, poor-quality monitors, weight, short battery life, and significantly higher prices, prevent companies from buying these computers for their staffs even today.
False
Which of the following are types of e-commerce?
Consumer to consumer, Business to business, Business to consumer
Desktop computers usually conform to one of three standards: PC compatible, Macintosh, or UNIX.
False
When data is recorded onto a CD or DVD disc, a high-intensity laser either permanently burns tiny depressions into the disc’s surface or temporarily changes the ____ of the disc’s surface, depending on whether or not the disc can be erased and reused.
Reflectivity
PCs are computers designed to be shared by a group of users at a time.
False
The PC uses a file drive such as FAT, FAT32, or NTFS to record where each document is physically stored and what filename the user has assigned to it.
False
To __________ data means to manipulate data according to specified rules.
Process
____ refers to chip-based storage used by the computer.
Memory
Business to business e-commerce involves one customer selling directly to another.
False
Web pages are stored on computers throughout the world.
True
A key advantage of word processing software is that users easily can make changes in documents, such as correcting spelling; changing margins; and adding, deleting, or relocating entire paragraphs.
True
Electronic spreadsheet software allows users to __________.
add, subtract, and perform user-defined calculations on rows and columns of numbers
The fees for using an online service usually are slightly lower than the fees for using an Internet service provider (ISP).
False
People who use the computer directly or use the information it provides are called computer users, end users, or sometimes, just users.
True
ASCII is a universal coding system that can be used regardless of the language or alphabet being used.
False
____ computers are a good option if you work mostly in one place and have plenty of space in your work area.
Desktop
Passive-matrix screens display high-quality color that is viewable from all angles.
False
The ability to place an increasing number of transistors on a single chip led to the invention of the microprocessor in 1971, which ushered in the ____ generation of computers.
Fourth
Networks that cover a small geographical area (such as a room or building) are called logical area networks or LANs.
False
Free software has value only if it would not have been purchased if it had not come with the computer.
False
Anything (a document, program, digital photograph, song, etc.) stored on a storage medium is called a file.
True
Computers perform four basic operations — input, process, output, and communication.
False
When the mobile communications device is based on a wireless phone, it is sometimes referred to as a ____ phone.
Smart
The term shareware refers to the programs or instructions used to tell the hardware in a computer system what to do.
False
ASCII normally represents each character as a unique combination of ____ bits.
8
Which of the following storage systems use nonmoving chips and circuitry?
Flash memory
Optical mark readers input data from special forms to score or tally exams, questionnaires, and ballots.
True
The central processing unit (CPU) __________.
contains the electronic circuits that cause processing to occur
Two types of auxiliary storage devices more often used on personal computers are __________.
floppy disks and hard disks
Specific hardware is associated with each of the five computer operations, namely, input, processing, output, storage, and communications.
True
The surface of a floppy disk is organized into circular rings called ____, and pie-shaped sectors.
tracks
The replacement of the transistor with integrated circuits (ICs) marked the beginning of the ____ generation of computers.
third
One kilobyte (K or KB) equals approximately one million memory locations, and one megabyte (M or MB) equals approximately 1,000 memory locations.
False
A network that connects computers in a limited geographic area, such as a school computer laboratory, office, or group of buildings, is called a wide area network (WAN).
False
Distance learning allows students ____.
All of the above
____ conveys meaning and is useful to one or more people.
Information
The ____ is the largest and most well known computer network in the world.
Internet
____ storage refers to using a storage device that is not directly a part of your PC system.
Detached
The data on a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM can be erased, changed, or added to.
False
Although available in nonremovable form, most hard disks can be removed from the computer.
False
Which of the following are types of mobile storage media?
USB Drive, Smart card
____ programs are used for creating collections of related data and organizing them so meaningful information can be retrieved.
Database
Which of the following is a third-generation programming language?
Fortran
One kilobyte equals approximately __________ memory locations.
1,000
The _____ screen shows the names of every computer user on the computer.
Welcome
Microsoft Office Outlook 2003 is a powerful communications and scheduling program that is used to communicate with others, keep track of contacts, and organize busy schedules.
True
A button identified by a double down arrow indicates the area is expanded.
False
A(n) _____ is a set of computer instructions that carries out a task on the computer.
Program
If you decide you need a better name to identify a file, you can _____ the file.
rename
To expand a folder means _____.
to display the folders it contains
It is not possible to _____ in Microsoft Excel 2007.
add a new slide
When a file is deleted from a removable media, _____.
the file is deleted forever
A keyboard is a pointing device used with Windows XP that is attached to the computer by a cable.
False
A shortcut menu _____.
appears when an object is right-clicked
_____ Explorer is a Web browsing program that allows you to search for and view Web pages.
Internet
A Web site is identified by a _____.
URL
When copying files, the folder containing the files to be copied is called the _____ folder.
Source
Items that are placed in the Recycle Bin on the computer desktop _____.
can be recovered unless you empty the Recycle Bin
The drive and folder to which the files are copied are called the source drive and source folder.
False
The thin blue line, or window border, surrounding the My Computer window determines its shape and size.
True
A(n) _____ is a named location on a disk where files are stored.
folder
In the Help and Support Center window, the Pick a task area contains only three tasks, Windows Update, System Restore, and Tools.
False
The Other Places area contains a title and links to five folders associated with the My Computer folder.
False
The Help and Support Center Index contains a list of _____ entries.
alphabetized
When copying files, the drive and folder containing the files to be copied are called the destination drive and destination folder.
False
The Standard Buttons toolbar is used to perform often-used tasks more quickly than with the menu bar.
True
Software, which can be used easily by individuals with limited training, is called _____.
user friendly
The Start button contains buttons to indicate which windows are open on the desktop.
False
A Web browser program is used to create graphic presentations for display on a computer.
False
On the Start menu, the list of commands below the separator line, called the most frequently used programs list, contains the most frequently used programs.
True
_____ to the computer opens your user account and makes the computer available for use.
Logging on
The drive and folder to which the files are copied are called the source drive and source folder.
False
The Details area contains the window title and the folder type of the My Computer Window.
True
When a new program is launched, its name is added to the most frequently used programs list unless that list is full, in which case _____.
its name is added, replacing the name of a less-frequently used program
Each command on a menu performs a specific action, such as searching for files or obtaining Help.
True
In most cases, you must point to an item before you double-click.
True
Windows XP Help and Support can be launched by _____.
Using the Start menu
Users can use a _____ shortcut such as CTRL+C for operations they perform frequently.
keyboard
Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition is an operating system designed for entertainment and home use.
True
A left pointing arrow following a command on the Start menu indicates that pointing to the command will display a submenu.
False
A shortcut menu _____.
displays when an object is right-clicked
If you know the name or partial name of a file, you can use _____ Companion to locate the file.
Search
On the Start menu, the list of commands above the separator line at the top of the left column, called the pinned items list, consists of the default Web browser program and the default e-mail program.
True
A user interface is the combination of hardware and devices that is used to communicate with and control the computer.
False
A keyboard shortcut consists of _____.
Both a and b
A command has a submenu, when _____.
there is a right arrow immediately following it on the menu
A(n) _____ is displayed whenever Windows XP needs to supply information to you or wants you to enter information or select among several options.
dialog box
In order to see the help information in the topic pane of the Help and Support Center, you must always click the Display button.
False
The taskbar contains the Start button, taskbar button area, and notification area.
True
A(n) _____ is a short on-screen note associated with the object you are pointing to.
Tooltip
When a window is maximized, the Restore Down button replaces the maximize button on the title bar.
True
Scrolling can be accomplished by _____.
All of the above
The _____ pane displays the hierarchy of folders and drives on your computer.
Folders
The Microsoft IntelliMouse only contains two buttons; the primary mouse button and the secondary mouse button.
False
Windows XP Help and Support can be launched by _____.
Using the Start menu
A left pointing arrow following a command on the Start menu indicates that pointing to the command will display a submenu.
False
The notification icon in the notification area provides quick access to programs on the computer.
True
The Systems Tasks area contains a title and three tasks associated with the My Computer window.
True
When a window is maximized, the Restore Down button replaces the maximize button on the title bar.
True
A(n) _____ is a computer that controls access to the hardware and software on a network and provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information.
server
The commands on the Start menu can be used to do all of the following except _____.
publish files to the Internet
A(n) _____ is a set of computer instructions that carries out a task on the computer.
program
The menu bar, which is the horizontal bar above the title bar of the window contains a list of menu names for the My Computer window.
False
Items that are placed in the Recycle Bin on the computer desktop _____.
can be recovered unless you empty the Recycle Bin
A shortcut menu _____.
displays when an object is right-clicked
The Details area contains the window title and the folder type of the My Computer Window.
True
Underlined text, such as a task or folder names, is referred to as a hyperlink.
True
A(n) _____ controls access to the hardware, software, and other resources on the network and provides a centralized storage area for programs, data, and information.
server
When you have finished working on the computer, it is not necessary to log off.
False
A(n) _____ Search box is a text box in which you can type a term which then can be searched for by a search engine.
Instant
Help and Support is available when using Windows XP, or when using any application program running under Windows XP.
True
A user interface is the combination of hardware and devices that is used to communicate with and control the computer.
False
_____ is the operating system designed for businesses of all sizes and for advanced home computing.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Clicking a drive or folder icon in the My Computer window displays the contents of the drive or folder in the left pane and details about the drive or folder in the areas in the right pane.
False
The Start button contains buttons to indicate which windows are open on the desktop.
False
When an icon is deleted from the desktop it is gone forever.
False
The active window is the window that is currently in use or currently selected.
True
If you know the name or partial name of a file, you can use _____ Companion to locate the file.
Search
Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition is an operating system designed for entertainment and home use.
Search
A Web site is identified by a _____.
URL
Through the user interface, you are able to _____.
make selections on the computer, request information from the computer, communicate with the computer, control the computer
A command followed by an ellipsis indicates more information is required to execute the command.
True
The thin blue line, or window border, surrounding the My Computer window determines its shape and size.
True
A shortcut menu _____.
appears when an object is right-clicked
The Natural Wireless Laser Mouse 6000 only contains two buttons: the primary mouse button and the secondary mouse button.
False
The functions of the wheel button on a mouse depend upon the software application being used.
True
To expand a folder means _____.
to display the folders it contains
Windows XP is used to run application programs, which are programs that perform an application-related function.
True
It is possible to _____ in Microsoft Access 2007.
create forms and reports
The menu bar, which is the horizontal bar above the title bar of the window, contains a list of menu names for the My Computer window.
False
A word processing program is an application program that is used to create written documents.
True
In the Help and Support Center window, the Pick a task area contains only three tasks, Windows Update, System Restore, and Tools.
False
The difference between copying a file and moving a file is _____.
when you copy a file, you end up with two identical copies
When a window is maximized, the Restore Down button replaces the Maximize button on the title bar.
True
A command has a submenu, when _____.
there is a right arrow immediately following it on the menu
The commands on the Start menu can be used to _____.
connect to and browse the Internet, obtain Help on thousands of topics, store and search for documents
_____ off the computer closes any open applications and allows you to save any unsaved documents.
Logging
A(n) _____ is a collection of computers and devices connected together for the purpose of sharing information between computer users.
network
In the Help and Support Center window, the Pick a task area contains only three tasks, Windows Update, System Restore, and Tools.
False
Help and Support is available when using Windows XP, or when using any application program running under Windows XP.
True
_____ Explorer allows you to view the contents of the computer, the hierarchy of drives and folders on the computer, and the files and folders in each folder.
Windows
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