LTI Chapter 13 Flashcards

Bone marrow
Terms Definitions
White blood cell with reddish granules; numbers increase i allergic reactions:
eosinophil
protein threads that form the basis of a clot
fibrin
method of separating out plasma proteins by electrical charge:
leukapheresis
foreign material that invades the body
antigens
pigment produced from hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed
bilirubin
an undifferentiated blood cell is calleda(an)
hematopoietic stem cell
anticoagulant found in the blood
heparin
a disorder of red blood cell morphology is
poikiloctosis
deficiency in numbers of white blood cells
erthroblast
derived from bone marrow
myeloid
breakdown of recipient's red blood cells when incompatible bloods are mixed
hemolysis
sideropenia occurs causeing deficient production of hemoglobin
iron-deficiency anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive cell destruction
hemolytic anemia
failure of blood cell production due to absence of fromation of cells in the bone marrow
aplastic anemia
inherited defect in ability to produce hemoglobin
thalassemia
lack of mature red cells due to inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
pernicious anemia
excessive deposits of iron throughout the body
hemochromatosis
symptoms of pallor, shortness of breath, infection, bleeding gums, predominance of immature and abnormally functioning leukocytes, and low numbers of mature neutrophils in a young child may indicate a likely diagnosis of
acute lymphocytic leukemia
excessive bleeding caused by congenital lack of factor VIII or IX
hemophilia
venous blood is clotted in a test tube
coagulation time
sample of blood is spun in a test tube so that red cells fall to the bottom and precentage of RBS's is taken
hematocrit
blood smear is examined to determine the shape or form of cells
red blood cell morphology
leukocytes are stained and counted under a microscope to see numbers of mature and immature forms
white blood cell differential
venous blood is collected; anti-coagulant added and the distance cells fall in a period of time is determined
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
blood protein that maintains the proper proportion and concentration of water in blood
albumin
swelling; fluid leaks out into tissue spaces
edema
IgM,IgG, IgA, IgD,IgE
immunoglobulins
symptoms of disease return
relapse
relieving symptons, but not curing disease
palliative
deiciency of clotting cells
thrombocytopenia
process of coltting
coagulation
large cell that engulfs foreign material and worn out red cells
macrophage
white blood cell that destroys foreign material by phagocytosis
neutrophil
blood protein
albumin
lack of mature red cells owing to inability to absorb vitamin B12
pernicious anemia
relieving symptoms but not curing
palliative
produced in bone marrow
myelogenous
a protein with antibody activity
immunoglobulin
increase in red blood cells
polycythemia vera
plasma minas clotting protein and cells
serum
deficiency of white blood cells
leukocytopenia
formation of bone marrow cells
myelopoiesis
substance that prevents clotting
anticoagulant
pretaining to destruction of clots
thrombolytic
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