TekMom's Tech Buzzwords Flashcards

World Wide Web
Terms Definitions
backup
Extra copy of a document or program
binary
means "two," or "base two." The binary system is a way of counting using just the two numbers 0 and 1.
bit
an electronic signal which is either on (1) or off (0). It is the smallest unit of information the computer uses.
browser
a software program that lets you explore the World Wide Web to find text, graphics, sound, movies, games, chats and more.
byte
a group of 8 bits, strung together
cable
A cable is of wires, with plugs on either end, that connects computer parts.
CD-ROM
A round, shiny portable disk that stores large amounts of software and information.
cell
the "box" where a column and a row intersect, in a spreadsheet.
chat
a way people in different places can "talk" to each other by typing their words into a computer.
chip
a tiny piece of silicon with electronic circuits. The chip is the most important part of the computer.
computer
an electronic machine that 1) takes in data and instructions (input)2) works with the data (processing)3) puts out information (output)
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
the chip which is the brains of the computer. It is also known as the processor.
cursor
A blinking line or shape on the screen that tells you where the next character will go.
database
an organized collection of information. It is like a box of 3x5 cards that you can search, sort and analyze rapidly with a database program.
disk drive
A part of the computer that operates the disks that store information.
download
To __________ a file is to get it from someone else's computer, over a network, and save it on your own computer or floppy disk.
email
a way of sending messages from one computer to another.
field
In a database, a ______ holds exactly one type of information about an item or subject. It is like one line written on an index card in an index card file.
floppy disk
A round, floppy piece of plastic that you put into a computer to store information. It is in a hard square cover for protection.
gigabyte (GB)
a unit of measure equal to 1,073,741,824 bytes, which is about one billion bytes.
hard disk/hard drive
a round, metal platter in the hard drive of the computer; it stores large amounts of information.
hardware
The parts of a computer system that you can touch.
HTML
known as "the language of the Web," is the set of codes used to make Web pages.
icon
a tiny picture on the screen that represents a program, file or folder.
initialize
Format a disk so it will hold information.
Internet
millions of computers around the world connected to each other.
kilobyte
a unit of measure equal to 1,024 bytes, which is about a thousand bytes.
megabyte
a unit of measure equal to 1,048,576 bytes, which is about a million bytes.
memory
temporary storage space on chips in your computer.
modem
A device that links a computer to other computers through a telephone line.
monitor
the TV-like part of the computer that you look at to see information.
network
a number of computers connected together to share information and hardware.
peripheral
A hardware device that is connected to a computer, usually by a cable.
pixel
a tiny dot of light on the monitor
(micro)processor
the chip which is the brains of the computer. It is also know as the CPU (Central Processing Unit).
RAM
also called memory, is temporary storage space on chips in your computer. It stands for Random Access Memory
record
In a database, it holds all the information about one item or subject. It is like one index card in an index card file.
scanner
A device that "takes a picture" of something and turns it into a computerized image.
software
the programs that run on a computer.
spreadsheet
a document which helps you organize data in rows and columns of cells.
URL
the address of a website on the World Wide Web
virus
a computer program that was written to purposely damage computer systems.
World Wide Web or Web
part of the Internet that consists of pages (documents) linked to each other around the world. These pages have pictures, sounds, and more.
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
Type of serial bus that allows peripheral devices (disks, modems, printers, digitizers, data gloves, etc.) to be easily connected to a computer.
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