Chapter 1Willis Medical Terminology Flashcards

Medicine
Terms Definitions
Most medical terms are derived from this language
 Latin
The meaning of the PREFIX in intracranial
 within
The meaning of the PREFIX in absent
 Away from
The meaning of the PREFIX in adhere
" To, toward, or near"
The meaning of the PREFIX in circumnavigate
 around
The meaning of the PREFIX diameter
 Across or through
The meaning of the PREFIX perimeter
 Around
"The meaning of the PREFIXes in excise, ectopic, and eversion"
 Out or away
"The meaning of the PREFIXes in extraterrestrial, ectoderm, exoskeleton "
 outside
"The meaning of the PREFIXes in intraocular, enclose, endocavitary"
 within
The meaning of the PREFIX in epicenter
 upon
The meaning of the PREFIX in interstate
 between
The meaning of the PREFIX in mesoderm and Mesozoic
 middle
The meaning of the PREFIX in metaphysical and metamorphosis
"Beyond, after, or change"
The meaning of the PREFIX in paranormal and paramilitary
 Abnormal or alongside of
"The meaning of the PREFIX in retroactive, retrospective, and retrofit"
 Backward or behind
"The meaning of the PREFIX in bicycle, binary, and bisect "
 Two or both
The meaning of the PREFIXes in hemisphere and semicircle
 half
The meaning of the PREFIX in hyperactive and hypertension
 Above or excessive
The meaning of the PREFIX in hypodermic and hypoallergenic
 Below or deficient
The meaning of the PREFIXes in macromolecule and megadose
 Large or long
The meaning of the PREFIX in microscope
 small
The meaning of the PREFIXes in unicycle and monotone
 one
The meaning of the PREFIX in oligospermia and oligarchy
Few or deficient
"The meaning of the PREFIX in pandemic, pantheism, and panorama"
 all
The meaning of the PREFIX in polygamy and multitasking
 many
The meaning of the PREFIX in quadruplets and quadriplegic
 four
The meaning of the PREFIXes in submarine and infrastructure
Below or under
The meaning of the PREFIX in triplets and triangle
three 
The meaning of the PREFIXes in Superman and supraorbital
 Above or excessive
The meaning of the PREFIX in ultraconservative
 Beyond or excessive
"The meaning of the PREFIXes in prefix, preliminary, prospective, and antechamber"
 before
The meaning of the PREFIX bradycardia
 slow
The meaning of the PREFIX in tachometer and tachycardia
 fast
"The meaning of the PREFIX in postpone, postoperative, and postwar "
 after
"The meaning of the PREFIX reenact, regenerate, and review"
 Again or back
"The meaning of the PREFIXes in confederation, synthesis, and sympathetic"
 Together or with
"The meaning of the PREFIX in dysfunctional, dyslexia, dysentery"
" Painful, difficult, or faulty"
"The meaning of the PREFIX in eustress, euphemism, eucharist, and euthanasia"
 good
"The meaning of the PREFIX neonatal, neoclassic, and neo-Nazi"
 new
The meaning of the SUFFIX in cephalgia or cephalodynia
 pain
The meaning of the SUFFIX in thermogenesis
 Origin or production
The meaning of the SUFFIX in hydrolysis
 Breaking down or dissolution
The meaning of the SUFFIX in cardiomegaly
 enlargement
The meaning of the SUFFIX in humanoid
 resembling
The meaning of the SUFFIX in osteopenia
 Abnormal reduction
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in diarrhea (Note that there are TWO “R’s”, then the “h” RRHEA"
 discharge
The meaning of the SUFFIX in bronchospasm
 Involuntary contraction
The meaning of the SUFFIX in hydrocele
 Pouching or hernia
The meaning of the SUFFIX in angiectasis
 Expansion or dilatation
The meaning of the SUFFIX in anemia
 Blood condition
The meaning of the SUFFIX in psoriasis and elephantiasis
 Condition or presence of
The meaning of the SUFFIX in arthritis and sinusitis
 inflammation
The meaning of the SUFFIX in cephalomalacia and osteomalacia
 Softening
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in melanoma, carcinoma, and lymphoma"
 tumor
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in hypnosis and neurosis, and leukocytosis"
 Condition or increase
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in audiophilen neutrophil, and necrophilia"
 Attraction for
The meaning of the SUFFIX in mastoptosis and blepharoptosis
" Sagging, falling, or downward displacement"
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in hemorrhage and hemorrhagia Note that there are TWO “R’s”, then the “h” RRHAGE"
 Bursting forth (usually blood)
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in angiorrhexis Note that there are TWO “R’s”, then the “h” RRHEXIS"
 rupture
The meaning of the SUFFIX in abdominocentesis
 Puncture for aspiration or drawing out of fluid
The meaning of the SUFFIX in arthrodesis
"Binding, surgical fixation"
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in hysterectomy, appendectomy, and tonsillectomy"
Surgical excision or removal
The meaning of the SUFFIX in mammopexy
Suspension or fixation
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in mammoplasty, rhinoplasty"
Surgical repair or reconstruction
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in orchidorrhaphy Note that there are TWO “R’s”, then the “h” RRHAPHY"
suture
The meaning of the SUFFIX in colostomy
Creation of an opening
The meaning of the SUFFIX in episiotomy
incision
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in creation, adoration, and ablation"
process
The meaning of the SUFFIX in paraplegia and priapism (-ia and –ism)
Condition of
The meaning of the SUFFIX in anencephaly (-y)
Condition or process of
"The meaning of the SUFFIXes in pedicle, arteriole, (also –ule, -ula) "
small
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in echocardiogram, telegram"
record
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in angiography, radiography"
Process of recording
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in telegraph, radiograph"
Instrument for recording
"The meaning of the SUFFIXes in geriatrics, and psychiatry"
treatment
The meaning of the SUFFIX in gynecology and grastroenterology
study
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in radiologist, cosmetologist"
One who specializes in the study of or treatment of
The meaning of the SUFFIX in speedometer and odometer
Instrument for measuring
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in audiometry, telemetry"
Process of measuring
The meaning of the SUFFIX in hematopoiesis
formation
The meaning of the SUFFIX in telescope and gastroscope
Instrument used to visually examine
"The meaning of the SUFFIX in microscopy, endoscopy"
Process of visually examining
The meaning of the SUFFIX in hemostasis
Stop or stand
Cyan/o E.g. cyanotic
blue
Erythr/o E.g. erythrocyte
red
Leuk/o E.g. leukemia
yellow
Melan/o E.g. melanocyte
black
Aer/o E.g. aerotitis
air
"Hem/o, hemat/o E.g. hemorrhage, hematolgy"
blood
Hydr/o E.g. hydrology
water
Lip/o E.g. liposuction
fat
Py/o E.g. pyogenous
pus
"Ur/o, urin/o E.g. urology, urinary"
urin
"Abdomin/o, lapar/o E.g. abdominal, laparotomy"
abdomen
Acr/o E.g. acromegaly
Extremity or topmost
Aden/o E.g. adenopathy
gland
"Angi/o, vascul/o, vas/o E.g. angiogram, vascular, vasectomy"
vessel
Arthr/o E.g. arthritis
joint
Cardi/o E.g. electrocardiogram
heart
Cephal/o E.g. cephalomalacia
head
"Col/o, colon/o E.g. colostomy, colonoscopy"
"Colon, large intestine"
"Cyt/o E.g. cytoplasm, leukocyte"
cell
"Derm/o, E.g. dermat/o, cutane/o hypodermic, dermatologist, subcutaneous"
skin
Enter/o E.g. enteritis
Small intestine
Esophag/o E.g. esophageal
esophagus
Gastr/o E.g. gastric
Stomach
Hepat/o E.g. hepatitis
liver
Hist/o E.g. histology
tissue
"Nas/o, rhin/o E.g. nasal, rhinitis"
nose
"Nephr/o, ren/o E.g. nephritis, renal"
kidney
Neur/o E.g. neurologist
nerve
Or/o E.g. oral
mouth
Oste/o E.g. osteoporosis
bone
Pneumon/o E.g. pneumonia
lung
Carcin/o E.g. carcinoma
Cancer
Crin/o E.g. endocrine
To secrete
Esthesi/o E.g. anesthesiology
Sensation
Fibr/o E.g. fibromyalgia
Fibro
Gen/o E.g. pyogenous
Origin or production
Gynec/o E.g. gynecology
Woman
Lith/o E.g. lithotomy
Stone
Morph/o E.g. amorphous
"Form, shape"
"Necr/o E.g. necromancy, necrosis"
Death
Onc/o E.g. oncology
"Tumor, mass"
"Orth/o E.g. orthopedics, orthodox"
"Straight, normal, correct"
"Path/o E.g. pathology, psychopath"
disease
"Ped/o E.g. pediatric, pedestrian"
Child or foot
Phag/o E.g. dysphagia
To eat or swallow
Phas/o E.g. aphasia
Speech
Plas/o E.g. dysplasia
Formation
"Phob/o E.g. arachnophobia, claustrophobia"
Exaggerated fear or sensitivity
Scler/o E.g. artheriosclerosis
Hard
Psych/o E.g. psychiatrist
Mind
"Son/o E.g. sonography, sonogram "
Sound
Sten/o E.g. stenosis
Narrow
"Tox/o, toxic/o E.g. toxic, toxicity"
Poison
Troph/o E.g. atrophy
Nourishment or development
Plural form of the term: vertebra
Vertebrae
Plural form of the term: diagnosis
diagnoses
Plural form of the term: phenomenon
phenomena
Plural form of the term: bacterium
bacteria
Plural form of the term: fungus
fungi
Plural form of the terms: sinus and virus
Sinuses and viruses (exceptions to the “–us” rule)
Plural form of the term: thorax
Thoraces (pronounced THOR-a sees)
Plural form of the term: apex
Apices (pronounced AY puh sees)
Plural form of the term: appendix
Appendices (pronounced ah PEN duh sees)
Plural form of the term: myopathy
Myopathies (prounounced (my OP ah thees)
Plural form of the term: condyloma
Condylomata (prounounced (con-dill-OH-muh-tuh) or condylomas
Singular form of the term: vertebrae
vertebra
Singular form of the term: diagnoses
diagnosis
Singular form of the term: phenomena
phenomenon
Singular form of the term: bacteria
bacterium
Singular form of the term: fungi
fungus
Singular form of the term: sinuses and viruses
sinus and virus (exception to the “–us” rule
Singular form of the term: thoraces
thorax
Singular form of the term: apices
apex
Singular form of the term: Appendices
appendix
Singular form of the term: Myopathies
myopathy
Singular form of the term: condylomata or condylomas
condyloma
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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