Amendments 2 Flashcards

18th Amendment
Terms Definitions
Amendment 3
bear arms
Amendment 19
woman's suffrage
Prohibits alcohol
18th Amendment
women's voting rights
Amendment 13
Slavery forbidden
Addresses our unenumerated rights
Amendment 6
Speedy, Fair Trial
18th Amendment
Prohibition of alcohol
2 Terms per President
unverified, unofficial information gained or acquired from another and not part of one's direct knowledge:
26th Amendment
18 year-olds can vote
No unreasonable searches and seizures
Reserved power to the states
Abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
Amendmet 2
Right to Bear Arms(1791)
Amendment 2
Right to bear arms
represent sth.
(stellvertretend) für etwas stehen, etwas repräsentieren
no quarting troops
What is Amendment Three?
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
gives the distric of columbia electoral votes for presidential elections
national ban on involuntary servitude, provides for enabling legislation
prohibits excessive bail in federal cases, prohibits cruel and unusual punishment
5th amendment
No double jeopardy/ no self incrimination. I plead the 5th
January 1918
after debating 2 months, Congress passed the amendment by exactly 2/3 majority, Senates vote fell short
Amendment 10
rights granted to the state governments but not given to the national government
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
14th Amendment
Defines Citizenship and deals with post-Civil War issues.
citizens cannot be forces to provide housing for soldiers
Right of federal government to collect income tax
Amendment XVIII
prohibited the production, sale or trasportation of alchohol
3rd amendment
government may not require people to house soldiers during peacetime
Amendment 7
Where the value in controversy shall exceed 20 dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved.
Right to fair and speedy public trial, to notice of accusations, to confront the accuser, to subpoenas, to counsel
24th Amendment
ban on tax payment as voter qualification
16th Amendment
(Income taxes) The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Amendment 15
gave all male Americans the right to vote
miranda rule
rights police officers have to read to you when they take you in for questioning
Amend XXVI
No state shall deprive the right to vote to anyone who is 18.
9th (Ratified December 15, 1791)
Rights retained by the people
double jeopardy
no person may be tried for the same crime more than once-if found innocent the first time, fifth amendment
No person may be held to answer for a crime unless he or she has first been officially and legally charged (through an indictment by a grand jury or a presentment from a prosecutor). No person can be tried for a crime, found not guilty, then tried again for that same exact crime. (Double jeopardy
what was the case where an undercover cop arranged for an illegal drug deal, came back with more cops, forced entry, got a cop dead and suspect wounded and didn't get a warrant for their 4day search?
Mincey v. Arizona (1968)
2. one that society is prepared to recognize as reasonable
Who can have standing?
Campbell v Acuff-Rose Music, Inc.
Ruled for a music group that did a cover and were sued for copyright infringement. Court speaking through Justice Souter said there is a fair use exemption to the copyright law which depends on the purpose, the amount of material copied, and the effect on the potential market for the copyrighted work.
women's suffrage
Eighteen-Year Old Vote
people cant drink
Amendment 16
Income Tax
21st Amendment
Repealed Amendment 18
Repeals the Eighteenth Amendment
Amendment 24
abolished poll taxes
Rights of the accused
______ Amendment: Poll taxes prohibited
Amendment 22
Limit on presidential terms
Amendment Two
Right to Bear Arms
Presidential terms, session of congress
13th Amendment
Abolition of Slavery
Date: 1865
righ to a speedy trial
6th amendment
Powers that are not specifically granted to the national government are to be retained by the states and people
protection for people accused of crimes, have right to remain silent, no such thing as double jeopardy
voting rights for african american men
Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment; state and local prohibition permitted
9th Amendment
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
gave all men the right to vote
twenty seventh
ensures that congressional pay raises will not take effect until an election is held after the raise ha been approved
First Amendment:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Right to bear arms and have state militias
Amendment 5
Criminals do not have to testify against themselves, have a right to a Grand Jury, no double jeopardy, and cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law
Prohibition of a tax payment as a qualification to vote in federal elections
Amendment 4
No illegal search and siezure (search warrent can be obtained if there is probable crime someone has commited. The warrent has to be signed by a judge.)
bill of rights
first ten amendments to da constitution
exclusionary rule
evidence gained as the result of an illegal act by police can't be used against the person from whom it was seized
1st Amendment Variations by content
Most protected is political speech.
Commercial speech has less protection.
Obscenity, false and misleading (deceptive) advertising, true threats and fighting words are not protected at all.
6th Amendment
Jury must be impartial. The accused is guaranteed the right to a fair and speedy trial.
right to jury in civil trials with a law suit over $20
Florida Star v B.J.F.
Struck down a Florida law which prohibited instruments of mass communication from printing, publishing, or broadcasting the name of a victim in a sexual offense case.
no state may be sued by a citizen from a different state in federal court
What were the Civil War Amendments
13th - Aboished slavery
14th - citizenship, due process, equal protection
15th - black male suffrage
The right to petition
This gives the people the right to ask the government to provide relief for a wrong through the courts (litigation) or other governmental action
Search can be conducted w/o warrent when?
1. custodial arrest 2. car, boat, plane, train 3. in plain view 4. in hot pursuit
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