Protection management chap. 1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Emergency management is a discipline that deals with which of the following? 1) Response and Mitigation 2) Preparedness 3) Risk and risk avoidance 4) All of the above
4) All of the above
The constitution tasks which of the following government levels with the responsibility for managing public health and safety? 1) Local 2) County 3) State 4) Federal
3) State
The first time the federal government became involved in a local disaster following which of the following? 1) A town in New Hampshire was destroyed by a fire in 1803 2) St. Louis, Missouri is flooded in 1815 3) A series of tornadoes devastates several
1) A town in New Hampshire was destroyed by a fire in 1803
During the 1930s, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Bureau of Public Roads were both given authority to do which of the following? 1) Prevent construction that increased slope failures, thereby reducing landslide risks 2) Buyback properties
4) Design and build flood control projects
The Civil Defense programs in the 1950s were established primarily to protect American communities from which of the following hazards? 1) Rioting and other civil disobedience 2) Technological disasters brought about by increased industrial production
3) Nuclear fallout brought on by a Soviet nuclear attack
The primary functions of the Office of Defense Mobilization, which merged with the Federal Civil Defense Administration in 1958, were which of the following? 1) Production, stockpiling, and quick mobilization of critical materials in the event of war 2)
1) Production, stockpiling, and quick mobilization of critical materials in the event of war
The Hebgen Lake Earthquake, which measured 7. 3 on the Richter scale, brought attention to which of the following: 1) Earthquake retrofitting in older structures was desperately needed 2) The nation’s earthquake risk went beyond the California borders
2) The nation’s earthquake risk went beyond the California borders
Which of the following disasters is credited with starting the discussions that eventually led to the creation of the National Flood Insurance Program? 1) Hurricane Betsy (1965) 2) The Ash Wednesday Storm (1962) 3) Hurricane Donna (1960) 4) Hurricane
1) Hurricane Betsy (1965)
George Bernstein increased participation in the National Flood Insurance Program by proposing that the purchase of flood insurance was required for which of the following? 1) The purchase of a new home 2) Ownership of property in communities where flood
3) The purchase of homeowner loans backed by federal mortgages
With the passage of the Disaster Relief Act of 1974, which federal agency possessed the most significant authority for natural disaster response and recovery 1) DOD 2) HUD 3) FEMA 4) DHS
2) HUD
President Carter sought to consolidate emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response activities into one government agency at the federal level. This plan, called Reorganization Plan Number 3, resulted in the creation of which of the following? 1) Def
2) Federal Emergency Management Agency
As director of FEMA, John Macy developed which of the following disaster management concepts? 1) Integrated Emergency Management System (IEMS) 2) Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM) 3) Holistic Disaster Management (HDM) 4) Multi-Agency Emergency
1) Integrated Emergency Management System (IEMS)
FEMA Director Louis Guiffrida was most concerned with government preparedness for which of the following hazards? 1) Hurricanes 2) Floods 3) Technological disasters 4) Nuclear attack
4) Nuclear attack
General Becton is uniformly credited for doing which of the following for FEMA? 1) Elevating the position of Director to the Cabinet level 2) Restoring integrity to the operations and appropriations of the agency 3) Creating stronger partnerships with
2) Restoring integrity to the operations and appropriations of the agency
Senator Al Gore illustrated his views that FEMA’s priorities were misplaced in regards to the low priority given to natural disasters by citing a report that detailed which of the following threats? 1) The increase in property value and industrial prod
4) The potential consequences of the New Madrid fault zone in the central United States
Which of the following FEMA directors was the first to have had prior emergency management experience? 1) John Macy 2) Louis Guiffrida 3) General Julius Becton 4) James Lee Witt
4) James Lee Witt
Which of the following reforms was not performed by Director James Lee Witt? 1) Customer service training was introduced 2) The agency was reorganized to break down ‘bottlenecks’ 3) New technologies in Emergency Management were explored 4) The foc
4) The focus of Emergency Management was shifted from mitigation to response.
The Midwest Floods in 1993, which resulted in major disaster declarations in nine states, resulted in which of the following? 1) The creation of the National Flood Insurance Program 2) The dissolution of the Tennessee Valley Authority 3) The initiation
3) The initiation of the largest voluntary buyout program to date.
Which of the following events first raised the issue of America’s preparedness for terrorism events? 1) The bombing of the World Trade Center 2) The Oklahoma City bombing. 3) Ruby Ridge 4) The September 11th Terrorist Attacks in New York, Washington
2) The Oklahoma City bombing.
Which of the following was an important disaster mitigation initiative set forth by Director Witt, which helped communities to become ‘disaster resistant’. 1) Project Impact 2) Project Mitigation 3) The State and Local Disaster Reduction Initiative
1) Project Impact
Which of the following legislative changes occurred as a result of the poor response to Hurricane Katrina? 1) FEMA was restored to independent status with cabinet representation 2) The Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act was passed 3) The
2) The Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act was passed
Organized attempts at disaster management first appeared in Biblical times. 1) True 2) False
2) False
Emergency management is more effective if it is integrated into daily decisions and not just called upon during times of disaster. 1) True 2) False
1) True
The federal government responds to disasters when state governments are overwhelmed. 1) True 2) False
1) True 2) False
The philosophy that man can control nature, thereby eliminating the risk of floods, has resulted in numerous long-term, efficient flood management systems. 1) True 2) False
2) False
The Civil Defense directors of the 1950s ran local programs that were well funded by the federal government. 1) True 2) False
2) False
Local and state civil defense directors were the first recognized face of emergency management in the United States. 1) True 2) False
1) True
During the Cold War years of the 1950s, there were few major natural disasters. 1) True 2) False
1) True
The National Flood Insurance Program was established by the Federal Flood Reduction Act of 1968. 1) True 2) False
2) False
The National Flood Insurance Program brought the concept of community-based mitigation into the practice of emergency management. 1) True 2) False
1) True
Responsibility for the National Flood Insurance Program was initially given to the federal government. 1) True 2) False
2) False
In 1974, more than 100 federal agencies were involved in some aspect of risk and disasters. 1) True 2) False
1) True
Because the fundamental mission of the various agencies integrated into FEMA in its inception were similar, consolidation required less effort than anticipated. 1) True 2) False
2) False
The Federal Emergency Management Agency gained prominence during the Reagan Administration for its efficient and effective response to several successive disasters. 1) True 2) False
2) False
During the time that Louis Guiffrida was director of FEMA, the agency’s national security responsibilities were elevated. 1) True 2) False
1) True
The Post-Katrina Act required that DHS reconsolidate all the emergency management functions, including preparedness, into FEMA. 1) True 2) False
1) True
In late 1992, when Hurricane Andrew and Hurricane Iniki struck within months of each other, FEMA performed outstandingly well in responding to the disasters. 1) True 2) False
2) False
President Clinton was never required to respond to a disaster while Governor of Arkansas, so disaster response was a low-level policy issue during his administration. 1) True 2) False
2) False
The changes to FEMA made by Director James Lee Witt were not tested until James Allbaugh took control of the agency during the George W. Bush administration. 1) True 2) False
2) False
The elevation of the FEMA director position to the Cabinet level ultimately weakened the agency. 1) True 2) False
2) False
/ 40
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online