GMAT idioms preperation Elad Shoushan Flashcards

Terms Definitions
able
Tom is able..... the guitar with his toes.
able + infinitive
Tom is able to play the guitar with his toes.
access .....
Steve never has access .... his dad's bank account.
access to
Steve never has access to his dad's bank account.
as
Tom acts as a scout for GQ here in South America.
as
Tom acts as a scout for GQ here in South America.
agree on + ......
We agreed on .....
agree on + noun
We agreed on the plan.
agree ..... + ......
We agreed ......+ ....... town.
agree on + gerund
We agreed on going to town.
agree
We agreed.... go away
agree to
We agreed to go away

Agreed with is used to describe an agreement between people. Agreed to is used to describe a willingness to implement a plan.
aid + .....
The magnifying glass aided ....
aid + person/thing
The magnifying glass aided his search.

aid + in
aid in healing (not aid to heal)!!
allows
Your schedule does not allow ..... much time.
allows for
Your schedule does not allow for much time.
appeal
He wants to appeal .....my good sense.
appeal to
He wants to appeal to my good sense.
as
She is as tired ..... I am
as....as
She is as tired as I am
ask + ...
He asked ..... home
ask + infinitive
He asked to go home
associate
We never associate ......Steve – he is far too tacky!
associate with
We never associate with Steve – he is far too tacky!
attribute
His tackiness can be attributed ...... too many comic books as a child
attribute to
His tackiness can be attributed to too many comic books as a chil
base .....
I think that the movie Star Wars is based ..... a true story
base on
I think that the movie Star Wars is based on a true story
begin
It soon began ....
begin + infinitive
It soon began to rain
boom
There was a boom .....the sale of yellow polka-dot bikinis as soon as Natalie Paris tried one on
boom in
There was a boom in the sale of yellow polka-dot bikinis as soon as Natalie Paris tried one on
built
The Avro Arrow was built ....proud Canadians
built by
The Avro Arrow was built by proud Canadians
care
Who cares .... that?
care about
Who cares about that?
care
I don't care ..... your tone.
care for
I don't care for your tone.
centers .....+ ......
The story centers ......+ ....... for meaning in a chaotic universe.
centers on + person/thing
The story centers on the struggle for meaning in a chaotic universe.
choose
I do it because I choose ..... it.
choose + infinitive
I do it because I choose to do it.
to be + composed ....
The atom is composed .... various parts.
to be + composed of + thing
The atom is composed of various parts.
consistent
Your story is not consistent ..... Joel's story
consistent with
Your story is not consistent with Joel's story
contend
Joel contends ..... you are lying.
contend that
Joel contends that you are lying.
consider +
I consider ..... a friend.
*consider + person/thing
I consider you a friend.
continue + ......
If you continue .... that we will not be friends.
continue + infinitive
If you continue to do that we will not be friends.
contrast A .... B
If you contrast Bill ..... you Bob, you find....
contrast A with B
If you contrast Bill with you Bob, you find....
convert
The new device will convert matter .... energy.
convert to
The new device will convert matter to energy.
compare A .... B
Caliban is compared .... a beast in Shakespeare's The Tempest
*compare A to B
Caliban is compared to a beast in Shakespeare's The Tempest
*compare A .... B
Compared .... you, I cannot sing well at all.
*compare A with B
Compared with you, I cannot sing well at all.
count .... + .........
I count .... you for the correct answers
count on + person/thing
I count on you for the correct answers
to credit ......
Columbus is credited ..... discovering the Americas.
to credit with
Columbus is credited with discovering the Americas.
give credit ......
I have to give you credit ...... working so hard.
give credit for
I have to give you credit for working so hard.
are in danger ..... + gerund
The robber was in danger ..... being captured.
are in danger of + gerund
The robber was in danger of being captured.
decide + .........
We decided .... .... the party early.
decide + infinitive
We decided to leave the party early.
decide ....+ thing/person
We decided ... the all-meat pizza.
decide on + thing/person
We decided on the all-meat pizza.
delighted.....
Steve was delighted .... the new findings.
delighted by
Steve was delighted by the new findings.
depend .....
Steve depends ..... Joel for financial support.
depend on
Steve depends on Joel for financial support.
different ......
Canadians are very different ...... Americans.
different from
Canadians are very different from Americans.
difficult + .......
Steve finds it difficult ...... to Latin music.
difficult + infinitive
Steve finds it difficult to dance to Latin music.
disclose ....... + person/ organization
Joel decided to disclose .... the world the truth about Steve's crazy ideas
disclose to + person/ organization
Joel decided to disclose to the world the truth about Steve's crazy ideas
distinguish .......
I want to distinguish ........ London ..... Paris
distinguish between X and Y
I want to distinguish between London and Paris
distinguish X .... Y
If you distinguish London ..... Paris
distinguish X from Y
If you distinguish London from Paris
draw .... (take out)
Unlike Felix, Steve can draw .... funds from Joel's bank account.
draw on (take out)
Unlike Felix, Steve can draw on funds from Joel's bank account.
draw + .....
The tattoo artist drew...... on Joel's left bicep.
draw + thing
The tattoo artist drew a lovely flower on Joel's left bicep.
to be drawn to + .......
Women are drawn to .........
to be drawn to + thing/person
Women are drawn to Steve's bulging muscles
dream .......
Natalie Paris often dreams .... Steve.
dream of/about
Natalie Paris often dreams about Steve.
dwindle .....
Mr. Bolton's bank account dwindled ..... one thousand dollars to less than half that in less than a week
dwindle from
Mr. Bolton's bank account dwindled from one thousand dollars to less than half that in less than a week
easy.....
It's easy ..... see why Mark is so popular.
easy to
It's easy to see why Mark is so popular.
elect .....
Mark will be elected ..... the Congress in 2016
elect to
Mark will be elected to the Congress in 2016
elect + .....
We elected Steve as our office "gopher".
elect + person
We elected Steve as our office "gopher".
emerges ......
The snail emerges ...... its shell.
emerges from
The snail emerges from its shell.
enable + ...... + .......
My job enables ..... to travel
enable + person + infinitive
My job enables me to travel
encourage + ....... + ........
We encouraged ...... to paint.
encourage + person + infinitive
We encouraged him to paint.
escape ........
Steve wishes to escape ...... grinding poverty.
escape from
Steve wishes to escape from grinding poverty.
to be + essential ..... + person/thing
Coffee is essential .... me, especially in the morning.
to be + essential to + person/thing
Coffee is essential to me, especially in the morning.
except .... + person/thing
Everyone is here except ..... the teacher
except for + person/thing
Everyone is here except for the teacher
except ...... + gerund
Except ..... being handsome, he wasn't very special.
except for + gerund
Except for being handsome, he wasn't very special.
explain .......
Juan explained ...... Steve the difference between Salsa and Merengue
explain to
Juan explained to Steve the difference between Salsa and Merengue
expose
Steve is exposed ..... intense ridicule every day of his life.
expose to
Steve is exposed to intense ridicule every day of his life.
fail ......
We fail .... see the humor in these sentences.
fail to
We fail to see the humor in these sentences.
flee ......
Steve fled ...... their sharp criticisms
flee from
Steve fled from their sharp criticisms
forbid ....
We forbid you .... go.
forbid to
We forbid you to go.
force + ........ + ..........
This mishap forces ..... to plan ahead
force + thing/person + infinitive
This mishap forces me to plan ahead
focus ..... + ........
I want to focus ...... our mutual problem.
focus on + thing/person
I want to focus on our mutual problem.
fail .....
We fail ...... see the humor in these sentences
fail to
We fail to see the humor in these sentences
flee .....
Steve fled ..... their sharp criticisms
flee from
Steve fled from their sharp criticisms
forbid ....
We forbid you .... go
forbid to
We forbid you to go
force + ..... + ......
This mishap forces +..... +....... ahead
force + thing/person + infinitive
This mishap forces me to plan ahead
focus ...... + thing/person
I want to focus ...... our mutual problem
focus on + thing/person
I want to focus on our mutual problem
get credit ...... /give credit .....
I have to give you credit ...... your good work
get credit for/give credit for
I have to give you credit for your good work
grow ......
Joel predicts that Test Tutor will grow ........ a small company to a major multinational within five years.
grow from
Joel predicts that Test Tutor will grow from a small company to a major multinational within five years.
grow ....... .........
Steve grew ...... ........ of his overalls just last year
grow out of
Steve grew out of his overalls just last year
helps+ ........ + pr. simple
Music helps ....... think
helps+ thing/person + pr. simple
Music helps me think
indicate ........
Studies indicate ....... people with gray hair are smarter than the majority
indicate that
Studies indicate that people with gray hair are smarter than the majority
indicate ........ + person
Steve's constant worrying over his gray hair indicates ....... me a serious self-esteem problem
indicate to + person
Steve's constant worrying over his gray hair indicates to me a serious self-esteem problem
inherit .......
Steve inherits his gray hair ....... his mother's family
inherit from
Steve inherits his gray hair from his mother's family
invest ......
Steve should invest ...... hair dye.
invest in
Steve should invest in hair dye.
leads ....
Lack of exercise leads ..... obesity.
leads to
Lack of exercise leads to obesity.
localized ......
The pain is localized ...... my left foot.
localized in
The pain is localized in my left foot.
Manage .......
You've managed ....... screw this up again, Steve.
Manage to
You've managed to screw this up again, Steve.
*make +........ + verb (simple form)
Chocolate makes ....... think of Switzerland.
*make + thing/person + verb (simple form)
Chocolate makes me think of Switzerland.
*mistake + thing/person + .......
I'm sorry. I mistook you ..... someone else.
*mistake + thing/person + for
I'm sorry. I mistook you for someone else.
native ......
Penguins are native ...... the Antarctic.
native to
Penguins are native to the Antarctic.
*a native ......
Steve is a native ...... Canada.
*a native of
Steve is a native of Canada.
need ......
Steve needs ...... think of some better sentences.
need to
Steve needs to think of some better sentences.
to be + necessary + ........
It is necessary ........ creative.
to be + necessary + infinitive
It is necessary to be creative.
Originate ......
Liberalism, as we know it, originated ....... 17th century England.
Originate in
Liberalism, as we know it, originated in 17th century England.
*permit+........ +..........
Money permits + ....... +....... a comfortable life.
*permit+thing/person+infinitive
Money permits us to live a comfortable life.
prized ......
Stephen is prized ....... a teacher in Bogotá.
prized as
Stephen is prized as a teacher in Bogotá.
prized .......
Stephen is prized .......his ability to dance the salsa.
prized for
Stephen is prized for his ability to dance the salsa.
*prohibit ........ + gerund
In school, we were prohibited ....... fighting.
*prohibit from + gerund
In school, we were prohibited from fighting.
promise ...... + thing
The promise ....... success drove us to the mountain's peak.
promise of + thing
The promise of success drove us to the mountain's peak.
promise .......
I promise ...... tell the truth more often – I swear.
promise to
I promise to tell the truth more often – I swear.
published .......
Joel's first novel Love and the GMAT are published ...... ETS.
published by
Joel's first novel Love and the GMAT are published by ETS.
published .....
Steve's first novel will be published ....... March.
published in
Steve's first novel will be published in March.
*range ...... X ....... Y
His clients range ....... multinationals ....... the smallest businesses.
*range from X to Y
His clients range from multinationals to the smallest businesses.
refer .......
I wish to refer ...... the latest work by Foucault.
refer to
I wish to refer ....... the latest work by Foucault....
regard ......
She is regarded ...... an expert.
regard as
She is regarded as an expert.
require +......... + ........
My work requires +....... +......
require + thing/person + infinitive
My work requires me to travel.
resemble + ..........
Steve resembles + ..........
resemble + thing/person
Steve resembles a young Charles Atlas
results .......
Rough play often results ....... injuries.
results in
Rough play often results in injuries.
results ........
Injuries often result .......rough play.
results from
Injuries often result from rough play.
rivalry ....... X ....... Y
The rivalry ........ Joel ........ Enrique Iglesias is legendary.
rivalry between X and Y
The rivalry between Joel and Enrique Iglesias is legendary.
the rivals X ....... Y
The rivals Enrique ...... Joel quarreled often.
the rivals X and Y
The rivals Enrique and Joel quarreled often.
Save .......
Save ...... that inconvenience, the trip was a success.
Save for
Save for that inconvenience, the trip was a success.
save .......
They saved me ....... another boring party.
save from
They saved me from another boring party.
seek + ........
He seeks ....... your soul.
seek + infinitive
He seeks to save your soul.
seek + ..........
I seek +..........
seek + thing/person
I seek the truth
seem + ..........
You seem ........ sleepy today.
seem + infinitive
You seem to be sleepy today.
sleep ......
I can sleep ........ whoever I want!
sleep with
I can sleep with whoever I want!
speak ........ + person
I spoke ...... my secretary about the report I wanted.
speak to + person
I spoke to my secretary about the report I wanted.
speak ....... + person
I spoke ........my colleague about the upcoming report.
speak with + person
I spoke with my colleague about the upcoming report.
Take advantage ......
Steve loves to take advantage ...... those around him.
Take advantage of
Steve loves to take advantage of those around him.
teach + ........+ .........
She taught + ....... + ........
teach + person + infinitive
She taught Jim to dance.
teach + ...... + .......
She taught ..... + ........
teach + person + thing
She taught Jim the lambada.
tell + .........
She told ....... that he was a terrible dancer.
tell + person
She told him that he was a terrible dancer.
tie .......
The rope is tied ..... the chair.
tie to
The rope is tied to the chair.
transmit .........
We transmitted the e-mail ...... him.
transmit to
We transmitted the e-mail to him.
target......
target at
..... + Use . + ..........
Years ago, he used ....... k every day to work.
Use + person/thing + infinitive
used + ..........
He is used ........ to work.
used + infinitive
He is used to walking to work.
to be + used to + gerund
to be + used to + gerund
to be + willing + infinitive
Fortunately, he was willing to help us
likely +... + .... + at a

Contestants entering the competition for the third or fourth time are likely+.... +......+ at a significant advantage and are frequently able to outperform their less-seasoned rivals.
likely to be at a
Contestants entering the competition for the third or fourth time are likely to be at a significant advantage and are frequently able to outperform their less-seasoned rivals.
notable .....

This new astronomy text is notable ..... its use of concrete, nonmathematical illustrations to explain difficult scientific concepts.
notable for

This new astronomy text is notable for its use of concrete, nonmathematical illustrations to explain difficult scientific concepts.
“a is to b what y was to z.”

Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world what dictation and stenographers were
to a former time.
“a is to b what y was to z.”

Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world what dictation and stenographers were
to a former time.
not so much as... as

Denim jeans were originally worn not so much as a fashion statement as for their being practical work clothes.
not so much as... as

Denim jeans were originally worn not so much as a fashion statement as for their being practical work clothes.
Conceded+ .......
The coach conceded + ......... of the lineups.
Conceded+ noun
The coach conceded the validity of the lineups.
Worry ......
Worry about
Define.....
Define as
Regard.....
Regard as
Not so.....
Not so ... as
So ......
So ... as to be
Think of.....
Think of ... as
See ......
See ... as
Responsible ......
Responsible for
Prohibit ......
Prohibit from
Different .....
Different from
Dispute ......
The man has dispute ..... money.
Dispute over
The man has dispute over money.
Hypothesis .....
Hypothesis ... that
Believe ......
Believe to be
Estimate .....
Estimate + infinitive

Estimated + that
Responsibility .......
Responsibility to
Superior .....
Superior to
Contrast .......
Contrast with
Just as...
Just as ... so too
Controversy…
Controversy…over
empathize .......
empathize with
so x
that y - y is subordinate clause that describes x
as to y - comparison
Persuade X
Persuade X to do Y
reluctant +
reluctant + infinitive
double vs twice
double - adjective cannot modify verb.

twice - adverb that can modify verbs
Declare + _____
declare X

not correct - declare as...
order X

order that X
Order X to be Y

Order that X be Y
claims +
claims + that + a subordinate clause

Claims + infinitive
X is expected .....
X is expected to Y
Known + ___
Known + to
X cost twice as much to maintain + ___
X cost twice as much to maintain as Y.
Projects that X + ...

Project +
Projects that X will do Y

Project + Noun
Immune +
Immune to
heard + ____
heard that

not heard of
to have a job as
to have a job as
to span from x to y.
to span from x to y.
effort to restrain
effort to restrain

NOT: effort at restraining
prior to

refers to : ____
prior to + event

refers to event
cause to

indicates: _____
cause to

indicates probability
cause of

indicates:_____
cause of

indicates root cause
Because VS In that
because is preferable because it emphasise cause and effect relationship
Chance of

indicates:_____
Chance of

Indicates probability. Use it with numbers.
because of VS Based on
based on - something used as evidence

because - causality
greater VS more
number were more - יותר מספרים

number were greater - מספרים יותר גדולים
took on =
took on = acquired / gained
heard that VS heard of
heard of is incorrect.
capable + ____
CORRECT: Capable of

INCORRECT: Capable to
immune + _____
CORRECT: immune to
INCORRECT: immune from
preclude X ___ Y

=

prevent X ___ Y
preclude X from Y.
Immune + _____
Correct: Immune + to

Incorrect: Immune + from
/ 178
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online