Kozier & Erb 1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Telecommunications
The transmission of information from one site to another, using equipment to transmit information in the forms of signs, signals, words, or pictures by cable, radio or other systems.
Teacher
A nurse who helps clients learn about their health and the health care procedures they need to perform to restore or maintain their health.
Standards of Clinical Nursing Practice
Descriptions of the responsibilities for which nurses are accountable
Sojourner Truth
An abolitionist, Underground Railroad agent, and women's rights advocate. She was a nurse for over four years during the civil war and worked as a nurse and counselor for the Freedman's Relief Association after the war.
Socialization
A process by which a person learns the ways of a group or society in order to become a functioning participant
Sairy Gamp
A character in a Dicken's book, Martin Chizzlewit, who represented the negative image of nurses in the early 1800's
Professionalization
The process of becoming professional; acquiring characteristics considered to be professional
Professionalism
A set of attributes, a way of life that implies responsibility and commitment
Profession
An occupation that requires extensive education or a calling that requires special knowledge, skill and preparation
Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA)
Legislation requiring that every competent adult be informed in writing upon admission to a health care institution about his or her rights to accept or refuse medical care and to use advance directives.
Patient
A person who is waiting for or undergoing medical treatment and care
Mary Breckinridge
A nurse who practiced midwifery in England, Australia, and New Zealand, founded the Frontier Nursing Service in Kentucky in 1925 to provide family-centered primary health care to rural populations
Margaret Sanger
Considered the founder of Planned Parenthood, was imprisoned for opening the 1st birth control information clinic in Baltimore in 1916.
Manager
One who is appointed to a position in an organization which gives the power to guide and direct the work of others
Lillian Wald
Founded the Henry Street Settlement and visiting nurse service which provided nursing and social services and organized educational and cultural activities. She is considered the founder of public health nursing.
Leader
A person who influences others to work together to accomplish a specific goal
Lavinia Dock
A nursing leader and suffragist who was active in the protest movement for womens' rights that resulted in the US Constitution Ammendment allowing women to vote in 1920
Knights of St. Lazarus
An order of knights that dedicated themselves to the care of people with leprosy, syphillis, and chronic skin conditions.
Harriet Tubman
Known as "the Moses of her people" for her work with the Underground Railroad. During the Civil War she nursed the sick and suffering of her own race.
Governance
The establishment and maintenance of social, political, and economic arrangements by which practitioners control their practice, self-discipline, working conditions and professional affairs.
Florence Nightingale
Considered the founder of modern nursing, she was influenced in developing nursing education, practice, and administration
Demography
The study of population, including statistics about distribution by age and place of residence, mortality and morbidity
Counseling
The process of helping a client to recognize and cope with stressful psychologic or social problems, to develop improved interpersonal relationships, and to promote personal growth
Consumer
An individual, a group of people, or a community that uses a service or commodity
Communicator
Nurses identify client problems and then communicate these verbally or in writing to other members of the health team
Client advocate
An individual who pleads the cause of the client's right
Client
A person who engages the advice or services of another person who is qualified to provide this service
Clara Barton
A schoolteacher who volunteered as a nurse during the civil war. Most notably, she organized the Red Cross, which linked with the International Red Cross when the US Congress ratified the Geneva Convention in 1882
Change Agent
A person (or group) who initiates changes or who assists in making modifications in themselves or in the system
Case Manager
A nurse who works with the multidisciplinary health care team to measure the effectiveness of the case management plan and monitor outcomes
Caregiver
A role that has traditionally included those activities that assist the client physically and psychologically while preserving the client's dignity
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