MCG Final Exam-Oral Surgery Vocabulary Flashcards

Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Terms Definitions
the specialty of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and surgical treatment of
diseases, injuries, and defects, including both the functional and the esthetic aspects of
the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
The individual dentist's desire to perform surgery
The dentist's training and experience
The dentist's level of skill
The availability of specialists in the dentist's geographic area
Scope of Practice-For the GP
The removal of a tooth without the need for a bone removal or
reflection of a mucoperiosteal flap
Simple Extraction
A flap of soft tissue overlying the tooth. The flap is full thickness
and includes all tissue overlying the bone
Mucoperiosteal Flap
The removal of a tooth or tooth root which requires the reflection of
a mucoperiosteal flap for access, and may also require the removal of overlying alveolar
bone, and or sectioning of the tooth.
Surgical Extraction
Dividing the tooth into segments with chisels or burs to facilitate
Tooth Sectioning
A tooth which has not erupted into its normal expected position in the
dental arch, and whose normal eruption is not anticipated
Impacted Tooth
The most commonly impacted tooth. Also referred to as the wisdom tooth.
Third Molar
Instruments designed for the delivery of force in order to dilate the tooth
socket, sever the periodontal ligament attachment of a tooth, and allow withdrawal of the
tooth from the socket
Instrument designed to wedge or shoehorn the tooth from the socket
Used to grasp the tooth
Extraction Forceps
Preparation of the alveolar bone and overlying soft tissue to support a denture prosthesis
Pre-Prosthetic Surgery
Re-contouring or reduction of the alveolar bone
The reduction or re-contouring of the maxillary tuberosity
Tuberosity Reduction
Tori are inherited exostoses (projections of bone beyond the normal
bony contour of the maxilla or the mandible, which usually do not require removal unless
they interfere with the placement of a prosthesis)
Removal of Tori
Surgical procedure to either completely remove, or
change the orientation of bands of fibrous connective tissue or muscle. These bands
extend from the lip and cheek into the alveolar mucoperiosteum
Labial or Buccal Frenectomy
Surgical removal or re-orientation of connective tissue or muscle
attachments which limit movement of the tongue
Lingual Frenectomy
Procedures to increase the height and/or
improve the contour of the alveolar ridges to better support a prosthesis
Maxillary or mandibular ridge augmentation
Procedure used to extend the labial, buccal, or lingual sulcus to create
more surface area of attached mucosal tissue to better support a dental prosthesis
Procedure to remove tissue, resulting in attachment
of epithelium to periosteum thereby creating fixed mucosal tissue from moveable
Submucosal Vestibuloplasty
Procedure to remove moveable tissue from the
periosteum, and to graft or replace the removed moveable tissue, which becomes fixed to
the periosteum and creates better denture support
Tissue Grafting Vestibuloplasty
Procedures to alter the relationship of the jaws and alveolar ridges to each other, using the
cranial base as a reference.
Orthognathic Surgery
The most commonly used maxillary orthognathic surgery
procedure, is done intraorally, and separates the tooth bearing portion from the rest of the
facial skeleton.
LeFort I Osteotomies
Procedures to separate the tooth bearing anterior segment of the
mandible from the posterior position which includes the TMJ. Most common are the
saggital split osteotomy and the intra-oral vertical subcondylar osteotomy
Ramus Osteotomies
Procedures to restore missing parts of bone or soft tissue. Usually include autogenous
bone grafts from the patients own cranium, iliac crest, or rib. Also may include allogenic
grafts, which are bone taken from a donor, usually cadaveric, and prepared
Reconstructive Surgery
Are also elemental to restoring soft tissue into areas of ablative
surgery and areas affected by radiation therapy and traumatic injury
Myo-cutaneous Flaps
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons usually perform the repair of alveolar bone of the cleft,
usually when the patient is from 6 -12 years of age. Bone is grafted in to the cleft to
facilitate eruption of the developing permanent teeth.
Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery
includes lacerations, which may be minor or major. Treatment
involves debridement to remove non-vital tissue and foreign bodies, control of bleeding,
re-approximation of lacerated margins and suturing
Soft Tissue Trauma
manufactured by re-approximation of fractured segments, and fixation and stabilization.
Bony trauma (fractures
may be done by placing metal arch bars on the upper and lower teeth, and using
these to wire the upper teeth and lower teeth together for four to six weeks. Other
methods of fixation include bone screws, and external pin fixation devices
Infections which have spread beyond the confines of the mandible or maxilla into
contiguous fascial spaces usually require an incision and drainage procedure to allow the
escape of purulent material.
Management of Infections
Facial Plastic surgery procedures
Cosmetic Surgeries
Reconstruction or removal of tissue from the "eyelids"
Revision of the nose
Face Lifts
Caustic removal of lines and wrinkles/scars from
the facial region
Chemical Peels/Dermabrasion
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