Common Symptoms of Various Diseases (Tetrads, Trids) Flashcards

Otitis Externa
Terms Definitions
Alcoholic Liver
Caput MedusaEsophageal VaricesHemorrhoidsPMN Infiltration of LiverSpider Fibrosis
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Low Back Pain Relieved by RestPain Improved by ExerciseBurning Sensation Feet"Jelling" of Joints
Appendisitis
Rosving's Sign (palpation of the LLQ results in more pain in the RLQ --> the pt probably has appendicitis.)Pain at the McBurney's PointNauseaFever)
Aortic Dissection
DyspneaOliguriaSyncope
Aortic Stenosis (Severe)
Syncopal HistoryAngina PictoralisDyspnea on Exertion
Asthma
WheesingDyspneaCoughFever TachypneaTachycardiaUse of Accessory MusclesPulsus Paradoxus (pulse is weaker on inhalation and stronger on exhalation)Prolongation of Expiratory PhaseDecreased Breath Sounds
Bacterial Meningitis
Antecendent URIFeverHeadachePhotophobia
Cholescystitis and Biliary Colic
FeverMurphy's SignEpigastric Pain or RUQ PainNausea and Vomiting
Choledocholithiasis (Charcot's Triad)
Colangitis Biliary PainJaundiceFeverChills
Chronic Bronchitis
Productive cough > 2 wks > 2 mo > 2yrIncreased PaCO2Increased HemoglobinBlue Skin ("Blue Bloater")Purulent Sputum ProductionFrequent InfectionsIntermittent DyspneaPleuritic Pain
Chronic Hepatatis
FatigueMalaiseAnorexiaLow Grade FeverJaundice
Crohn's Disease
RLQ Colicky Abdominal PainFeverWeight LossDiarrhea
Congestive Heart Failure
OrthopneaBilateral Pedal EdemaRalesParoxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
Cushing's Disease
Moon facesBuffalo HumpTruncal Obesity with StriaeWeight Gain
Cystic Fibrosis
Increased Sodium Chloride (Sweat Test)WheezingChronic CoughDyspnea
Diabetes Mellitus
PolyuriaPolydipsiaPolyphagiaWeaknessWeight Loss
Diverticulitis
Abdominal PainLLQ Pain/tendernessFeverChills
Emphysema
Increased AP Diameter (Barrel Chest)Flattened Diaphragm (CXR)Pink Skin Color (Pink Puffer")
Endometriosis
DysmenoriaDysparuniaDyschezia
Enterobiasis
vaginitisanal pruritis
Folic Acisd Deficiency
GlossitisStomatitisHemolytic Jaundice
Fungal Otitis Externa
PainItchingBlack Discharge
Giardiasis
DiarrheaAbdominal PainBloatingBeltchingFlatusNauseaVomitingFever (Uncommon)
Gonorrhea
Male: Urethral DischargeFemale: Chandelier Sign Pus in Cervix Urethral, Anal or Pharyngeal Discharge
Gout
Severe Pain (Acute)SwellingErythemaWarmth (1 or 2 Joints)
Headache (Migrane)
UnilateralNauseaVomitingPhotophobia
Hepatic Dysfunction
Dark UrineLight Colored Stools Avdominal Pain
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Painless LumpFever Night SweatsWeight Loss
Horner's Syndrome
Hot Dry Face (One Sided) - anhydrosisSmall Pupils - miosisUpper Lid Descends - ptosisenopthalmos
Hyperthyroidism
ExophthalmosHeat IntoleranceWeight LossTremors (hands/feet)
Hypothyroidism
HoarsnessCold IntoleranceWeight Gain
Increased ICP
Dilated PupilsBradycardiaWidening Pulse Pressure
Influenza
Abrupt onset HeadacheFever ChillsMyalgiaMalaiseCoughSore Throat
Laryngitis
HoarsnessThroat TicklingAphoniaDysphagiaAbnormal Sounding Voice
Lofgren's Syndrome (type of sarcoidosis)
ArthritisErythema NodosumBilateral Hilar Adenopathy
Lyme Disease
ECM (erythema chronicum migrans )HeadacheNeck StiffnessFeverChillsMusculoskeletal PainArthralgiasProfound MalaiseWeaknessLymphadenopathy
Marfan's Syndrome
Tall StatureArachnodactyly (Long Fingers or Toes)Dolichostenomelia (Long Arms and Legs)
Mononucleosis
Generalized MalaiseAnorexiaMyalgiaPharyngitisFeverLymphadenopathyFatigueSplenomegaly
Multiple Sclerosis
AtaxiaBabinski's SignClonusClumsinessMonocular blurring/binoclular diplopiaBowel, Bladder, sexual dysfunctionIncreased symptoms with heat or activity
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
FeverNight SweatsMalaiseHemoptysisWeight LossCoughSputum Production
Myocardial Infarction
Levine's SignDyspneaDiaphorhesis
Narcolepsy
Sleep AttacksCataplexySleep Paralysis
Otitis Media
Decresed Hearing Erythemic TMDecreased Landmarks
Pancreatitis
Increased Serum AmylaseKnifelike Epigastric Pain (radiating to the back)Nausea & VomitingSteatorrheaCachexiaRelieved by sitting forwardAggrevated with food
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome
Hyperpigmented Macules on Lip and Buccal MucosaMultiple Growths Throughour GI TractMicrocytic Hypochromic Anemia
Plummer-Vinson Syndrome
DysphagiaPicaKoilonychiaGlossitis
Pneumonia
FeverProductive Cough (Purulent)Pleuritic Chest PainPulmonary Consolidation
Pneumothorax
DyspneaPleuritic Chest PainCough
Polycythemia Vera
MelenaPruritisDeep Vein Thrombosis
Psoriasis
Erythemic Papules and Plaques
Silvery Scales
Pitted Nails
Pulmonary Embolism
Pleuritic Chest PainHemoptysisDyspnea
Pyloric Stenosis
Projectile VomitingFirst Born MaleUnable to Eat Large Volumes
Quinsy
Pain and Difficulty SwallowingTrismusPeritonsilar Swelling
Renal Dysfunction
Increased CreatinineIncreased BUNNeuromuscular IrritabilityYellow Brown Skin
Rhinovirus
RhinorrheaSneezingNasal CongestionSore ThroatSystemic Symptoms (fever) - Unusual
Sarcoidosis
CoughDyspneaNew Skin LesionsPain or Irritation of Eyes
Streptococcal Pharyngitis
Sore ThroatFever > 100 degrees FarenheitPharyngeal ExudatePositive Strep Throat Quick Test or Culture
Trichomonas Urethritis/Vaginitis
Malodorous Profuse Watery DischargeDyspareuniaErythematous CervixVulvular Itching and Burning
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