Regents Exam Review: China Flashcards

Terms Definitions
In China, the belief that the right to rule came from divine approval.
Mandate of Heaven
The term for the rise and fall of dynasties in China.
Dynastic Cycle
The name of the caravan route stretching from the Chinese capital to the Mediterranean Sea.
Silk Road
The Han dynasty grew wealthy and promoted unity and communication by building ....
roads or extensive trade networks
One impact of the Silk Road and caravan routes was that it promoted the exchange of goods and ideas. This is called....
cultural diffusion
As early Chinese dynasties traded with the West both areas needed each other's goods. This is called....
A time period in which there is great artistic and intellectual achievement is called a ....
Golden Age
The Chinese philosophy aht emphasized the idea that harmony could be achieved by the proper behavior of each member of a family or society.
The Chinese belief in respect shown by children for their parents and elders
Filial Piety
What Chinese empire will stretch from China into the Middle East and will isolate Russia for more than 200 years?
the Mongols
Why were the Mongols able to establish a vast empire?
Superior military skills
During the Ming dynasty, this man developed large ocean-going ships and expanded trade with nations of Asia and Africa.
Zheng He
China, during the Ming dynasty, was able to travel the seas under the leadership of Zheng He because of
advanced navigation technology
The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
China did not trade with the Europeans in the 18th century because they believed themselves to be superior. This is called...
The British traded a drug with the Chinese but when the emperor attempted to stop this trade it resulted in the ...
Opium War
One result of the Opium War was that China was forced to sign ...
unequal treaties with the Europeans.
A result of the Opium War in China and Commodore Perry's expedition to Japan was...
increased Western trade and influence in Asia
The Boxer Rebellion and the Tiaping Rebellion were an effort to remove...
Western influence.
By the end of the 19th century, China had been carved up into areas that gave preferential trading rights to Western nations. These areas are called...
spheres of influence
One reason why the Communists were able to defeat the Nationalists in China in 1949 was because the Communists had the support of what class of people?
Who led the Chinese Communist revolution?
Mao Zedong
Identify Mao's policy which its goal was to modernize China's economic system and increase industrial production.
Great Leap Forward
The Little Red Book, Long March, and Great Leap Forward are all associated with the leadership of
Mao Zedong
Mao's policy to renew people's loyalty to communism was called the
Cultural Revolution
During the Cultural Revolution, what group was responsible to enforce the teachings of Mao Zedong.
Red Guard
What economic system was used by both Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong to accelerate the economic growth of their respective nations?
Command economy
Who comes to power in China after the death of Mao Zedong?
Deng Xiaoping
What was the name of Deng Xiaoping's economic policy to modernize the economy with western technology and investments?
Four Modernizations
One of the major economic changes under Deng's Four Modernizations was ______ was allowed in the economy.
elements of capitalism or limited free enterprise
Deng allowed greater economic freedom in China but not __________ freedom.
Many Chinese students after being exposed to western ideas of democracy protested at _________ ______
Tiananmen Square
The government of China sent troops to stop the protests in Tiananmen Square in which many students were killed. This is a ________ ______ violation.
Human Rights
What island was returned to China after 100 years of British control?
Hong Kong
Since the late 1970s, the Chinese government has tried to limit population growth with its _____ policy.
One child
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