Rome: Pre-Republic and republic Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Who governed the Roman Republic?
The Senate.
Who organized the Concilium Plebis?
The plebeians.
Who presided over the Concilium Plebis?
Tribunes.
Who were the Gauls?
Celts from north of the Alps.
Who was Pyrrhus?
A general of Epirus.
Who was Hannibal?
A Carthiginian general famed for his march across the Alps with 90,000 infantrymen, 9,000 cavalrymen, and a company of elephants.
Who was Rome's principal enemy?
The Etruscans.
Who was Tiberius Gracchus?
A tribune and reformer.
Who was Gaius Gracchus?
Tiberius' younger brother, and also a reformer.
Who expanded Roman dominion beyond the Euphrates River?
Pompey.
Who was Rome's adversary in the Punic wars?
Carthage.
Who controlled Rome five hundred years before Christ?
The neighboring Etruria.
Who struggled the longest and hardest before winning political equality in Rome?
The plebeians.
What were some of the changes made by Caesar?
Admitting provincial representatives to Senate, and changing the solar calendar with knowledge gained from Egypt.
What are the three periods of Roman history?
Pre-Republic, Republic, and Empire.
What is the best known legend of Rome's founding?
The legend of Romulus and Remus.
What was the roman lifestyle based on?
Family.
What was the Senate?
A body of noblemen representing the wealthiest and most influential families.
What were the two Roman classes?
Patricians and plebeians.
What is the most believable explanation as to Rome's founding?
Several villages banded together for protection.
What were the consuls?
Chief magistrates of the ancient Roman Republic; now an official appointed by his government to live in a foreign city.
What is a patrician?
Person of noble birth; aristocrat.
What does plebeian mean?
Having to do with the common people.
What are tribunes?
Officials of ancient Rome, now any government official appointed to defend people and their rights.
What is the forum.
A public square and market place.
What are the two parts of early Roman Republic history?
The struggle of plebeians for political equality with patricians and Rome's expansion into Italy.
What was the Concilium Plebis?
A corporate body of plebeians that was an unofficial part of the government.
What happened to the small farmers that lost their land?
They went to the cities, where they swelled the ranks of the urban poor.
What is Gaius Gracchus best know for?
Proposing a price-fixing scheme whereby the governament financed a lower-than-market price for wheat to the masses.
What were the Twelve Tables?
A written set of laws.
What did the Romans practice concerning marriage?
Monogamy.
What is monogamy?
Marriage between only one man and only one woman.
What is a pyrrhic victory?
A victory that costs the winner too much.
What general is famous for his march into Italy?
Hannibal.
What were Latifundia?
Large farming estates.
What does the term "bread and circuses" refer to?
A system of public handouts.
What was Julius Caesar before becoming dictator of Rome?
A famous soldier.
When did Republican Rome begin?
509 B.C.
When did Gauls attack the Latin League?
390 B.C.
When was Teberius elected tribune?
133 B.C.
When was the first Punic War?
264 B.C.
When was Caesar assassinated?
The Ides of March or March 15th.
Where does the term pyrrhic victories come from?
From Pyrrhus who lost large numbers of men in battle.
Where did Hannibal die?
Asia minor.
Why were small farmers losing their land?
Latifundia were growing and taking the small farmers' land.
Why was Tiberius unable to run for office again?
He was murdered.
Why was Julius Caesar killed?
His belief in perpetual dictatorship.
How long did Hannibal stay in Italy?
Fifteen years.
How did Hannibal die?
Suicide.
How did republican Rome begin?
When the native Latins rebelled against the Etruscan king Tarquinius Superbus.
How many Punic Wars were there?
Three.
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