presidency Flashcards

President of the United States
Terms Definitions
habeas corpus
legal doctrine that a person who is arrested must have a timely hearing before a judge
state of the union
annual report to the nation by the president now delivered
executive order
a rule of regulation issued by the president that has the force of law, based eitheron the constitutional powers of the presidency as cheif executive or commander in cheif or on congressional statues
unitary executive
proposes that the executive branch is under the direct control of the president, who has all authority necessary to control the actions of federal bureaurcracy personnel and units without interfence from the other federal branches
treaty
a formal international agreement between two or more countries in the us requires the advice and consent of the senate
executive agreement
agreement with another country signed by the president that has the force of law, like a treaty, does not require senate approval,
institutional presidency
the permanent bureaucracy associted with the presidency, designed to help the incumbent of the office carry out his responsibilities
cheif of staff
top adviser to the president who also manages the white house staff
national security adviser
a top foreign policy and defense adviser to the president who heads the national security council
executive office of the president
a group of organizations that advise the president on a wide range of issues
office of managment and budget
an organization within the executive office of the president that advises on the federal budget domestic legislation and regulations
council of economic advisers
made up a small group of economist who advise on economic policy
national security council
made up of officials from the state and defense departments, the cia and the military, who advise on foreign and security affairs
intelligence advisory board
provides information and assessments to the presidents director of national intelligence and the president directly
divided government
control of the executive and the legislative branches by different political parties
presidential popularity
the % of americans who approve a presidents handling of the job
going public
when the president promotes himself and his public by appealing to the american public for support
What is a fireside chat
Franklin Roosevelt in 1930, delivered on radio, reached millions of people, 15-45 min. long
personalized presidency
president asked abou personal topics
when do presidents have a high approval rating?
when they are first inaugurated, war, economy
mandate
people support me so should congress
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