Chapter 10: Global inequality Flashcards

Ethnic group
Terms Definitions
Affirmative action
Positive effects to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities
The process through which a minority group and miniority group combine to form a new group
A former polciy of the south African government, designed to maintain the seperation of Blacks and other non-whites from the dominant Whites
The process through which a person forsakes his or her cultural tradition to become part of a different culture
Color- blind racism
The use of the principle of race nuetrality to defend a raciallly unequal status quo
contact hypothesis
An interactionist persepective, which states that, in cooperative circumstances, interracial contact between peopl of equal status will reduce prejudice
Exploitation theory
A marxist theory that views racial subordination in the United States as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism
Glass ceiling
An invissible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individual's gender, race, and ethnicity
Hate Crime
a criminal offense committed because of the offender's bias aganist a race, religion, ethnic group, national orgin, or sexual orientation
a negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often an ethnic or racial minority
Racial formation
a sociohistorical process in which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed
Racial group
a group that is set apart from others because of phsical differences that have taken on social significance
The belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
Symbolic ethnicity
An ethnic identity that emphasizes concerns such as food or political issues rather than deeper ties to one's ethnic heritage
an immigrant who ssustains multiple social relationships that link his or her society of settlement
White Privilege
Rights or immunities granted to people as a particular benefit or favor because they are white
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