Global History II (part II) Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Geneva Conference
This was the peace settlement in 1954 that ended the First Indochina War. Similar to the Korean War in that the country was split in two with the North being the communist portion
Nikita Khrushchev
Leader after Stalin's death that called for peaceful coexistence
Cuban Missile Crisis
Thirteen days in which the world was on the brink of nuclear war until Khrushchev backed down.
Ngo Dinh Diem
Leader of South Vietnam who was unfairly elected. He was anti-Communist and was corrupt.
Viet Cong
Supported by communists of North Vietnam. They were able to spread their influence across the whole country.
Vietnam War
In 1965, Viet Cong were on the verge of taking over the whole country so the US sent troops to keep on with their policy of containment.
Richard Nixon
President who pledged to bring an honorable end to the Vietnam War
Henry Kissinger
Sent by Nixon to China in 1971 to work out relations with China and to hopefully improve their relations.
First World
Western Europe and North America
Joseph McCarthy
Started a campaign to find all the communists in the government and to purge them.
Second World
The core of this was the Soviet Union
Sputnik
The Soviet Union's first space satellite
Great Leap Forward
Mao's radical program to socialize the countries. He created super farms that eventually failed. There was not enough food and many people starved.
Cultural Revolution
Pushed for more vocational skills after the Great Leap Forward failed.
Jawaharial Nehru
Political leader of the independence movement in India. He was India's Prime Minister in August 1947. Gandhi and Nehru ddecided on making two separate states--India and Pakistan
Indira Nehru Gandhi
She pushed through a lot of authoritarian measures and she banned the opposition of political parties for a while. She was eventually assassinated just like Gandhi.
Felix Houphouet-Bolgny
An African planter, doctor, and politician from the Ivory Coast who eventually became one of the most successful leaders for independence of the French colonies. He served in the French government in Paris and was knowledgable in the idea of state-building.
Kwame Nkrumah
Leader of Ghana's independence movement, which was the first Sub-Saharan independence movement. He won the country's independence and became president for life.
Zionism
A form of nationalism of Jews and Jewish culture and supports the creation of their own homeland. Refers to the Balfour Declaration in which they were promised their land in WWI
Arab-Israeli War of 1948-1949
War that was fought between the Arab and Israeli forces after the British Mandate for the Jews. Israeli forces won but their acquisition of more land would lead to more conflict.
Gamal Abdel Nassar
Part of a secret organization of military officers that wanted to overthrow their leaders. Launched a revolt in 1952.
National Liberation Front
These were Algerians who believed that they deserved independence from the French
Algerian War
Started with a revolt between the National Liberation Front and the French and there were terrible atrocities that were committed
Mau Mau Uprising
This was an independence movement in 1952 against the British. Filled with violence for three years until there was independence established.
Jomo Kenyatta
The president of Kenya and established much racial harmony
Daniel arap Moi
Racial harmony began to leave with him as he clung onto power
National Party
South African party dominated by Afrikaners, who spoke a Dutch dialect of the African language
Aparteid
Stripped Africans of those of mixed descent of their few political rights
Nelson Mandela
Leader of the African National Congress and opposed those in power and enacting segregation
African National Congress
South African political party
Sharpeville Massacre
Police officers mowed down peaceful protesters in South Africa.
Neocolonialism
Allowed for Western countries to maintain power through economics.
Monoeconomy
Economies of newly formed countries that replied on exporting one single good
US or Soviet alliances
Mostly sought out in Africa because the US looked for places to guide towards capitalism
World Bank and International Monetary Fund
Two instruments that the US used to find allies. The World Bank helped fund loans to lift poor societies out of poverty and the IMF was used to support governments' new monetary system
Joseph Mobuto
Rose to power in Zaire from a Belgian colony in 1965. He embezzled a lot of money. A lot of corrupt leaders emerged from the cold war.
Leftist movements in Latin America
Communist uprisings that slowly became more common as the US continued its informal empire in Latin America
US intervention
The US intervened in Guatemala and the DR to keep their empire in Latin America
Salvador Allende
Supporter of communism that was elected democratically in 1973.
Augusto Pinochet
Killed Allende and ruled but brutally ruled.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Helped to unite itself and stand up for the third world
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