Abnormal Psychology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
psychosis
significant loss of contact with reality / ability to tell what is real and what is not real
slip from reality
positive psychotic symptoms
reflect an excess or distortion in a normal repertoire of behavior and experience such as delusions and hallucinations
negative psychotic symptoms
reflect an absence or deficit of behaviors that are normally present such as flat or blunted emotional expressiveness, alogia (very little speech), avolition (no ability to initiate or persist in goal-directed activities)
echopraxia
involuntary repetition or imitation of the observed movements of another
echololalia
involuntary repetition of another's speech; parrot-like repetition of a few words
delusion
an essentially erroneous belief that is fixed and firmly held despite clear contradictory evidence
not just social, religious, cultural beliefs that are shared by others in the group
disturbance in the content of thought
positive symptom
hallucination - perceptual experiences
persecutory delusion
people are out to get me
reference delusion
believing that arbitrary behaviors and motions from someone on television are signaling something special
grandiosity delusion
thinking very highly of oneself like believing they are the messiah
thought insertion delusion
thoughts being controlled by external force
thought broadcasting delusion
people can hear my thoughts
thought withdrawal delusion
people are stealing my thoughts
sin/guilt delusion
thinking you killed someone or being pretty sure you caused an earthquake
somatic delusion
intestines replaced with snakes and bowels not being able to function
loose associations
speech doesn't follow normal rules of language -- hard to follow
word salad
jumble of words in a sentence
neologisms
invention of new words
clangs
answering based on sounds "may hay day"
perseveration
repeating the same words over and over again
alogia
poverty of speech (i.e. mutism)
avolition
inability to persist in common goal related tasks
anhedonia
inability to feel enjoyment
prodromal
before diagnosis / very early signs
schizophrenia
core symptoms (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized behavior, negative symptoms) for at least 1 month; signs for at least 6 months
schizophreniform
mini schizophrenia (in terms of time frame, not symptoms)
schizophrenia-like psychoses that lasts at least 1 month, but less than 6
brief psychotic disorder
shorter than schizophreniform - more than 1 day, less than 1 month
sudden onset of psychotic symptoms or grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
episode usually lasts only a few days
often triggered by stress
schizoaffective disorder
an illness during which, at some time, there is either a Major Depressive Episode, Manic Episode, Mixed Episode that co-occurs with symptoms of Schizophrenia (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, negative symptoms)
during illness, must be period of at least 2 weeks where delusions and hallucinations have been present without mood symptoms
mood symptoms are present for a substantial proportion of the total illness time
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