Medical terms - suffix Flashcards

Terms Definitions
-al, -ac
"pertaining to;
intestinal:
pertaining to the intestines"
-algia
"pain;
neuralgia;
nerve pain"
-aps,-apt
"fit; fasten
synapse:
fasten together"
-arche
"beginning; origin
menarche:
first menstruation"
-ase
"signifies an enzyme;
lipase:
enzyme that acts on lipids"
-blast
"sprout; make
osteoblast:
bone maker"
-centesis
"a piercing;
amniocentesis:
piercing the amniotic sac"
-cide
"to kill;
fungicide:
fungus killer"
-clast
"release; secrete
endocrine:
secrete within"
-ectomy
"a cutting out;
appendectomy:
removal of the appendix"
-emia
"refers to blood condition;
hypercholesterolemia:
high blood cholesterol level"
-emesis
"vomiting;
hematemesis:
vomiting blood"
-flux
"flow;
reflux:
backflow"
-gen
"creates; forms
lactogen:
milk producer"
-genesis
"creation, production;
oogenesis:
egg production"
-gram*
"something written;
electroencephalogram:
record of brain's electrical activity"
-graph(y)*
"to write, draw;
electrocardiograph:
apparatus that records the heart's electrical activity"
-hydrate
"containing H2O (water);
dehydration:
loss of water"
-ia, -isia
"condition; process
arthralgia:
condition of joint pain"
-iasis
"abnormal condition;
giardiasis:
giardia effect"
-ic,-ac
"pertaining to;
cardiac:
pertaining to the heart"
-in
"signifies a problem;
renin:
kidney problem"
-ism
"signifies ""condition of"";
gigantism:
condition of gigantic size"
-itis
"signifies ""inflammation of"";
gastritis:
stomach inflammation"
-lemma
"rind; peel
neurilemma:
covering of a nerve fiber"
-lepsy
"seizure;
epilepsy:
seizure upon seizure"
-lith
"stone; rock
lithotripsy:
stone crushing"
-logy
"study of;
cardiology:
study of the heart"
-lunar
"moon; moonlike
semilunar:
half-moon"
-mala
"softening;
osteomalacia:
bone softening"
-megaly
"enlargement;
splenomegaly:
spleen enlargement"
-metric, -metry
"measurement , length;
isometric:
same length"
-oid
"like; in the shape of
sigmoid:
S-shaped"
-oma
"tumor;
lipoma:
fatty tumor"
-opia
"vision, vision condition;
myopia:
nearsightedness"
-ose
"signifies a carbohydrate;
lactose:
milk sugar (especially sugar)"
-osis
"condition, process;
dermatosis:
skin condition"
-oscopy
"viewing;
laparoscopy:
viewing the abdominal cavity"
-ostomy
"cut;
lobotomy:
cut of lobe"
-philic
"loving;
hydrophilic:
water-loving"
-penia
"lack;
leukopenia:
lack of white (cells)"
-phobic
"fearing;
hydrophobic:
fear of water"
-phragm
"partition;
diaphragm:
partition separating thoracic and abdominal cavities"
-plasia
"growth formation;
hyperplasia:
excessive growth"
-plasty
"shape; make
rhinoplasty:
reshaping of the nose"
-plegia
"paralysis;
triplegia:
paralysis in three limbs"
-pnea
"breath, breathing;
apnea:
cessation of breathing"
-(r)rhaphy
"sew, suture;
meningeorrhaphy:
suturing of meninges"
-(r)rhea
"flow;
diarrhea:
flow through (intestines)"
-some
"body;
chromosome:
stained body"
-tensin, -tension
"pressure;
hypertension:
high pressure"
-tonic
"pressure, tension;
isotonic:
same pressure"
-tripsy
"crushing;
lithotripsy:
stone crushing"
-ule
"small, little;
tubule:
small tube"
-uria
"refers to urine condition;
proteinuria:
protein in the urine"
-aemia/emia
"Pertaining to 'of the blood""
anemia
lack of red blood cells"
-aethesia
"Pertaining to 'capacity for feeling'
anaethesia
Lack of feeling"
-algesic
"Pertaining to 'capacity for pain'
analgesic
to take away the pain"
- ate/ise
use/subject to
- cyte
"Pertaining to 'cell'
chrondocyte
Cartilage cells"
-coele/cele
"pertaining to' chamber, ventricle, cavity'
cardiocele
Protusion of the heart chamber"
- etic
"pertaining to 'a substance which produces action
diuretic
forces urination"
- lysis
"dissolve, losing, making a solution of
electrolysis
adding current to make a solution"
- ology
"Pertaining to ' the science of'
Cardiology
The science of the heart"
- orrhagia
"Pertaining to 'excessive or to burst forth'
Metrorrhagia
Bleeding of the uterus other than menstration"
- ov
"pertaining to 'egg'
ovulation
release of a female egg"
- paenia/penia
"Pertaining to 'want/poverty'
osteopenia
deficiency of bone"
- phagia
"Pertaining to 'eating'
dysphagia
Difficulty eating"
- ptosis
"Pertaining to 'falling of'
Apoptosis
Cell death"
- (o) scope
"pertaining to 'an instrument used in visual examination
Endoscope
Used to review interior cavity or hollow organ"
-trophy
"Pertaining to 'growth of'
Atrophy
Lack of growth"
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Definition:

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