Geography of Latin America Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Paraguay
Asuncion
Belize
Belmopan
Honduras
Tegucigalpa
Veracruz
Mexico
Guayaquil
Ecuador
Bogata
Columbian Capital
Argentina
Buenos Aires
Panama City
Panama
Birthrate
The number of alive births per 1,000 people
Birthrate
alive births
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
Subsistance Farming
Growing just enough crops for your family to survive, and not for selling for profit
Subsistance Farming
Just Enough
Murals
Large paintings on walls
Rate of Natural Increase
Population Growth Rate
Rate of Natural Increase
Growth
Population Pyramd
resent a quick picture of a country's population broken up into age and gender
Population Pyramd
age and gender
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement.joins canada u.s. and mexico in a giant free trade zone.
What does the population "pyramid" of a developed country look like? Why?
A rectangle, with a triangle on top because the population is steady, but older people are dying of old age
What does the population "pyramid" of a developed country look like? Why?
even
TIERRA TEMPLADA
the temparatures are more moderate
Commonwealth
A self-governing territory that is owned by the United States
What is the latest controversial porgram that Hugo Chavez has initiated in his country that has split the citizens of his nation?
A land reform program allowing under used ranches to be seized by the state
What is the latest controversial porgram that Hugo Chavez has initiated in his country that has split the citizens of his nation?
ranches
What does over population lead to?
Too many people for the amount of available resources
What does over population lead to?
resources
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
mestizo
people of mixed Spanish and Native American heritage
Vaqueros
Cowhands who work on large cattle ranges.
zambo
is a Spanish term (the Portuguese language term is Cafuso) that was used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today to identify individuals in Hispanic America who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry. The word originated from the Romance and Latin language.
Empire
A large territory with many different people under one ruler
Nazca Lines
-Huge mysterious line drawings on mountains of Peru, drawn by the Nazca people from 600-200 BC
-Some were made by removing dirt/stone
What is happening as result of government effots to destroy coca crops
Political tension between the U.S. and Colombia
What is happening as result of government effots to destroy coca crops
disputes
List some exceptions for the generalization "Latin American countries have high literacy rates"
Haiti, Guatemala
List some exceptions for the generalization "Latin American countries have high literacy rates"
Hi,
Grandma!
Inca
a member of the Quechen peoples of SOuth America who built a civilization in the Andes Mountains in the 15th and 16th centuries
capoeira
a martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa
Megacities
Cities with over 10 million people and high growth and population densities.
Tropics
The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
What valuable natural resources does Venezuela have?
oil,bauxite and iron.
Push Factors
Factors that cause people to leave their homeland and migrate someplace else
Push Factors
leave
pampas
a vast area of grassland and rich soil in south-central america
MEXICO IN TWO HEMISPHERES:
1. inNorth America because of location
2.In South America because of religion and language
Subsistence Farms
Small plots of land where only enough food to feed the farmer's family is grown
What is Cuba's Population? The Dominican Republic's?
11 million; 8.5 million
Tell about capital (money not the government location) in developing countries
2 Types:
-Human: Skills
-Physical: Tools, machines, facorties, roads, harbors, communication= Infrastructure
Imports are limited: Needed, but not enough money
Tell about capital (money not the government location) in developing countries
human and physical
United Provinces of Central America
America after the region declared independence from Mexico in 1823
PLATEAU OF MEXICO
made up of deserts and grassy plains in the north, flat valleys in the middle of the plateau which holds many of the chief cities, and the snowcapped mountains of the Sierra Madre Del Sur
Per Capita Income
Average amount of money per person in a country
Per Capita Income
per person
U.S. vs. Mexico
1846; U.S. wins and gains control of the territories that are present-day Texas and California
U.S. vs. Mexico
Territory Gained
What is one positive result of Tourism?
It brings in $
What is one positive result of Tourism?
Roll in the money...
What city was the center of the Myan civilization? What present day country is it in?
Tikal; Guatemala
Why are South Amrican countries culturally complex
because the region's iscolation by mountains and rain forests separate people from each other
What are some of the threats to tropical rainforests? Why is the future of this region important to people outside of Brazil?
cutting and burning,settlement and modernization. about 1/3 of the earths oxygen comes from the amazon rainforest and many rare animals are found only in that rainforest.
U.S. Supports funds on unsuccessful coup in Venezuela
2002; the goal was to overthrow president Hugo Chavez fearing his alliance with Cuba and Castro
U.S. Supports funds on unsuccessful coup in Venezuela
Cuba
What are some types of crafts made in South America?
Pottery, textiles, glasswork, and metalwork. They are decorated with folk art or Indian religious symbols
What are some negative results of tourism?
Owners live elsewhere, but they still make desisions that help themselves, but could potentially make life more difficult for locals, profits are taken, tourism jobs don't have high salary
What are some negative results of tourism?
Those greedy owners...
Who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982?
Gabriel Garcia Marquez of Colombia. He wrote One hundred year of solitude in 1967 and the General in 1989 about Simon Bolivar
What is one result of failure to develop economically ater gaining independence?
HUGE income gap between the rich and the poor
What are the two types of music in the caribbean?
Calypso: Mix of African, Spanish, and caribbean; played with steel drums, guitar, and improvised lyrics
Raggae: jamaican; deals with social conerns and religion
/ 69
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online