SAFMEDS- BEHV 426 Assessment Flashcards

Terms Definitions
functional behavioral assessment
a systematic method of assessment for obtaining information about the purposes or functions a behavior serves for a person. Results are used to guide the design of an intervention for either increasing or decreasing a behavior.
functional analysis
an analysis of the functions of behavior wherein consequences representing those in the person's natural routines are arranged within an experimental design so that their separate effects on behavior can be observed and measured. Typically it consists of 4 conditions, 3 test conditions; contingent attention contingent escape, alone and a control condition; in which problem behavior is expected to be low because reinforcement is freely available and there are no demands placed.
Direct assessment
an evaluation strategy that makes direct contact with the target for intervention (direct observation)
Indirect Assessment
an evaluation strategy that uses subjective methods (e.g. interviews, checklists, rating scales, etc.) and that does not make direct contact with the target for intervention
correlates of behavior
observable and measurable behaviors that are said to be outward manifestations of covert behavior
covert behavior
an occurrence of behavior within the organism that is not directly observable or measurable.
a speculation, prediction or guess about the outcome of an experiment. May refer to a formal, written statement or to an informal statement
functional relation
an experimentally determined relation that shows that the dependent variable depends on or is a function of the independent variable
ecobehavioral/multidimensional assessment
a philosophical approach to using multidimensional assessment that assumes that a variety of historical and current biological and environmental events interact to product current behaviors.
informed consent
should meet criteria for information(purpose of assessment, procedures, risks/benefits, limits of confidentiality), capacity (decision factor associated with the person who has the authority to provide the informed consent), voluntariness (having an opportunity to withdraw consent at any time), should be a written document.
mandated reporter
individuals who are required by law to report the following
1.suspicion of abuse
2.threat of violence to others
3.reasonable suspicion of threat to self
ABC Analysis and structured ABC Data
divides incident into 3 areas, antecedent, behavior and consequence. ABC is typically a narrative form, structured is typically a checklist.
Conditional Probabilities
the probability that two events occur together
graph of data points in a two variable correlation, typically time and day
Functional Analysis Observation Form
Functional Analysis Screening Tool, a indirect measure, a checklist, that provides information regarding perceived functions of behavior
self report
the act of reporting on one's own behavior, indirect, report occurs after the behavior occurs
self monitoring
the act of measuring one's own behavior, direct, recording occurs as the behavior is occuring
the most indirect form of assessment
Questions About Behavioral Function, an indirect assessment, a rating scale, that measures perceived functions of behavior
Motivational assessment scale- an indirect assessment, a rating scale that measure perceived functions of behavior
Vineland II
a rating scale interview used to determine a person's adaptive behavior levels
Assessment of Basic Language and Learning Skills- based on Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior
criterion referenced
an indirect form of assessment, that measures whether or not symptoms are perceived to be present
Rating Scale
an indirect form of assessment that measures the degree to which the symptom or characteristic is perceived to be present
functional assessment interview- an interview, aimed at gathering a broad range of information regarding an individual whose behavior is targeted for change.
Functional Assessment Informant Record for Teachers- an interview aimed at gathering a broad range of information regarding an individual whose behavior is targeted for change.
Momentary time sample
A data sampling procedure wherein time is broken up into specific intervals, and the observer records whether or not the target behavior occurred at the end of the interval. Record at the end of the interval.
whole interval recording
a data sampling procedure wherein time is broken up into specific intervals, and the observer records whether or not a target behavior occurred for the entire interval. May under estimate behavior.
partial interval recording
a data sampling procedure wherein time is broken up into specific intervals, and the observer records whether or not a target behavior occurred at least one during a given interval. May over estimate incidence of behavior
refers to the consistency of measurement
refers to whether or not the measure or method measure what it is intended to measure
the degree to which two independent observers report the same results when observing a given behavior.
Agreements/ agreements + disagreements x 100
Natural Setting
the environment in which the behavior typically occurs
Analogue Setting
an attempt to recreate the real life situation within the laboratory
the degree to which a behavior is appropriate in a given situation
an elementary verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus that has point-to-point correspondence and formal similarity with response.
to request, An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by an MO and followed by specific reinforcement.
to label, An elementary verbal operant evoked by a nonverbal discriminative stimulus and followed by generalized conditioned reinforcement.
a verbal response that is controlled by the verbal behavior of others., An elementary verbal operant that is evoked by a verbal discriminative stimulus and that does not have point-to-point correspondence with that verbal stimulus.
Paraphrasing, Attending, Clarifying, Eliciting, Reflecting, Summarizing
Measurable dimensions of behavior
a.frequency/rate- how many times a behavior occurs, rate- frequency expressed in a ratio with time
b.latency- elapsed time from the onset of a stimulus to the initiation of response
c.magnitude- the force or intensity with which a response is emitted refers to the location of the behavior
e.duration- the length of time for which a behavior is emitted or demonstrated
f. topography- the shape of a behavior (what it looks like)
g. inter response time- the time elapsed between the conclusion of one response and the initiation of the next response
preference assessment
assessment of the level of preference a person has for an item or activity relative to other items.
functional analysis (method)
Unstructured play (control) rate of behavior is typically low, test conditions are alone, attention, and escape.
systematic manipulation
manipulation of antecedent or consequent variables to determine effects on behavior
paired choice/forced choice/ free operant preference assessment
presentation of items in pairs that the individual chooses between/ forced interaction with an item if the individual does not make a choice/ observation in natural environment to determine what items a person engages with
structural analysis
systematic manipulation of antecedent variables to confirm hypothesis about potential antecedents associated with behavior
causal relation
A variable that controls a proportion of the variance in another variable.
a statistical measure of the degree to which two variables are related
motivating operations
an environmental variable momentarily increases or decreases the value of a stimulus and the frequency of all behaviors that have resulted in access to that stimulus
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