Geography vocabulary review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Place
Coldest Continent
Antartica
Bundersrepublik
Federal Republic
Lingua Francach21
english language
meridian
A line of longitude
deleloping nation
newly industrialized nation
Blaue Banane
zentrales wachstumstarkes und hochverstädtertes Gebiet (Großbritannien, Benelux, Deutschland, Italien)
Nepal
(Physical Attributes)
(3)
Few natural resources
High elevation
Mountainous
Front
boundary between unlike air masses
toponymy
the study of place names
 Aborigine
The ancestors of today’s native Australian
Mercosur
A trade organization that includes Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and two associate members (Bolivia and Chile)
Belgium
What is Brussels the capital of?
linguistic ecology
place language evolves reflects aspects of enviornment
Pore Ice
water in pore spaces freezing
What is the capital of Lithuania?
Vilnius
428 Geopolitical theory that identifies a political power base in the heart of Eurasia which will eventually dominate the entire world
Heartland Theory
-10,000 years ago-shift from hunter/gathers to agriculturalist-technology (fire, grindstones, improved tools)
Hearth Areas
HURRICANE
TROPICAL STORM SPAWNED WHEN WATERS OF 80F OR MORE TRANSFORM THE HEAT ENERGY OF TROPICAL WATERS INTO STRONG WINDS AND HEAVY WAVES
Who was the genetic boundary classification pioneered by?
Richard Hartshorne
Irish Pub Company
Creates an "authentic" cultural experience, which is really a simply stereotypical image.
Denudation
A general term referring to all processes that cause degradation of the landscape. (weathering, mass movement, erosion, and transport). (10)
Bay
An open curved indentation in the shoreline of a sea, ocean, or lake
sea breeze
sea to landisobars far aparthigh pressure systems
Environmental Determinism
A 19th/20th century approach to geography that argued that the environment determines human actions
glasnost
"openness;" an opening up of piblic discussion of social and economic problems, which occurred in the Soviet Union under Mikhail Gorbachev in the late 1980s
monsoon
a season with big amounts of rain
Ethnography
IMMERSION into a culture to obtain their world view
What does the ending "graohy" mean?
"to write".
fragments expelled explasively from a volcano
pyroclastics (tephra)
archipelago
a large group or chain of islands:
divide
stretch of high land that separates river systems
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
What is migration the result of?
Perception (mental constructs)
arithmetic population density
entire country, an average. vs. physiologic
What cultural race is common in the netherlands?
Indonesians
American Indian languages
native American language act of 1990document, record and preserve native languages
population explosion
rapid growth of the world’s human population during the past century, attended by accelerated rates of increase
The major mountain chain in the eastern United States is the?
Appalachian Mountains.
climate-type in N. Coast Alaska/ N. Canada
E-type climates
BALKANIZATION
process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
Which culture changes over space not time?
Folk Cultre
frontal zone separating air masses of polar origin and of tropical origin
polar front
Desertification
an expansion of dry condition to moist areas that are next to deserts
tells us what kind of map it is
Title
Causes of Shrinkage
- Thawing of soil- Drying - Cooling
In Darfur who attacked who?
Janjawid (Muslims) attacked Non-Arabs (Black Africans)
cape
a strip of land projecting into a body of water
Relative Location
describes a place in relation to other places around it.
Mistral wind
Katabatic wind in S France. cold air generated funneled through Garone and Rhone Valleys
Nicknamed "Knight of the Cloak", This English courtier introduced the potato to Ireland & popularized tobacco smoking in Britain and was executed in 1618
Sir Walter Raleigh
Uneven development Chapter 1
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy
what is one of the richest and most varied faunal assemblages?
neotropical
What mountains are exposed plutons?
Stone Mountain, Sierra Nevada, Black Hills
In India and South Asia how many villages are there? How many people live in each?
1 million;1 thousand
Bush policy on fuel
Coal= $2 Billion in subsidies-Oil is king!-Cut renewable energy spending each year(except last 2) by $190 million.
a narrow arm of the sea at the mouth of a river where the ocean tide meets the river current
ESTUARY
What is the earth's total relief?
65,226 ft or 12.5 mi
Why are houses in Japan so tied together?
land is very scarce
What do lines of latitude measure?
Lines of latitude measure distances North and South of the Equator.
Water Table(Water's effect on Earth's Materials)
Water saturates and fills open spaces. Rising amounts of groundwater cause mass movements.
Where focus is on an activity (usually economic)
What is a vernacular region?
5 early European settlements in NA after 1500. Where and Who?
- Spanish - Florida and southwest, late 1500s
- British - Maryland, early 1600s
- British - New England, 1620
- Dutch, Swedish, British, Germans, Middle Atlantic, 1630s
3 reasons Urban population data is unreliable
1. Difficult to know where urban areas begin and end2. The population threshold for a city to qualify as urban is different and arbitrary from country to country 3. With all definitions, an accurate count of all people is difficult
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