a.The collaborative construction and negotiation of meaning between the self and others as it occurs within cultural context.
b. A process of understanding and sharing meaning.
|Prof. Dean Barlund||
Came up with the 6 person model of communication
|6 person model of communication||
1. how we view our self - 2. how someone views themselves
3.how we view others - 4. how others views us
5. how we believe others - 6. how others believe us
|components of communication||
2.message (information needed to be delivered)
3.channel (light waves, sound waves)
4. feedback (response to the message)
Mental process of interpreting what we sense.
communication with self
communication with two or more people
1 person as the sender and multiple people as the receiver
Communication through technical devices
subjective- depending upon the subject (how people see things)
|reasons why people see things differently||
1. physiological (height, weight, gender)
2. past experiences/ roles
3. culture/ co-culture (values, beliefs, nationality)
4. present feelings / circumstances (feeling happy, angry, sad... had a bad or good day etc)
|selection (consciously choose)||
-figure and ground (figure-what calls your attention, ground- the background)
-closure (filling in the missing information)
-proximity (physical closeness of one thing to another)
-simolarity (how alike things or persons are)
who are you
how you decode the message
to is self actualization -(to be all that you can in a lifetime)
1. self image (how you see yourself) descriptive
2. self esteem (how you feel about yourself) evaluation
|types of message feedback||
1. grammatical errors
2.colloquialism (informal word or phrase)
3. metatalk (things that you don't mean literally ea. metaphors)
5. euphanisms (masking offensive terms)
6. slang (special groups use special language to communicate)
7. Profanity (used to disrespect things that are sacred to others)
8. double speak (like "were downsizing, were going to have to let you go")
9. Jardon (technical language used in a specific group ea. medical or legal terms)
10. regionalism (particular to a certain region, area, or country)
11. street language ((1st cousin to slang) much narrower than slang, sectioned by small areas.
12. racist/ sexist (negative stereotyping , offending others based on race or sex.
|Non verbal communication||
1. bodily movements / facial expressions
4. vocal cues
5. clothing/ other artifacts
the study of how humans use body and face to communicate information to other humans.
|Dr. Albert Mehrabian||
studied kinesics, looked at some parameters: liking- closer to persons, eye contact, increased touch)
status- social or economic- racing the chin, less eye contact
responsiveness- gestures noting to agree or disagree.
|Paul Ekman & Wallace Friecen||
established the 5 categories of movement
|Bodily movements and facial expresions 5 categories of movement||
1. Emblems (any body movement that takes the place of words- there are NO WORDS)
2. Illustrators (to show by body movements- words & body movements combined; like show and tell)
3. Affect displays (facial or body movements to express an emotion. even when they are no words.
4. Regulators ( gestures to let someone know something)
5. Adapters (movements that are particularly formed in non-private setting- when one adjusts what they do because they are in a public setting)
the study of how people use space to communicate with other humans.
|Edward T Hall||
established the 4 categories of distance
|4 categories of distance||
1. intimate - close proximity- average american's have it at 18"
2. personal - 18"-4'
3. social - 4'- 12'
4. public - 12' & up
studies the use of touch in commumication
the study of non word sounds that accompany words
|clothing and other artefacts||
what people wear and put in their bodies to express something. (ea. bright or sexy clothes; tattoos, jewelry, hair color...)