World Geography - Chapter #4 Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
The total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared and passed on by the members of a specific group.
A group that shares a geographic region, a sense of identity, and a Culture.
Ethnic Group
Referring to a group that shares language, customs, and a common heritage.
Taking existing technology and resources to create something new to meet a need.
The spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns.
Cultural Hearth
A site of Innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology Diffuse to many Cultures.
Occurs when a Society changes because it accepts or adopts an Innovation.
Consists of a belief in a supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe.
Reflects changes in speech patterns related to class, region, or other Cultural changes.
The number of live births per thousand population.
Fertility Rate
The average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime.
Mortality Rate
The number of deaths per thousand population.
Infant Mortality Rate
The number of infant deaths under age one per thousand live births.
Rate of Natural Increase
The rate in which population is growing found by subtracting the Mortality Rate by the Birthrate.
Population Pyramid
A graphic device that shows sex and age distribution of a population.
Reasons, both negative and positive, for migration.
Push-Pull Factors
Population Density
A figure that represents the average number of people who live in a measurable area.
Carrying Capacity
The number of organisms a piece of land can support.
Used to describe an independent unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its internal and external affairs.
Refers to a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a strong sense of unity.
The location where a State and a Nation lie both exist.
Citizens hold the power, either directly or through elected representatives.
A ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power and may not share the power with citizen bodies.
An individual or group holds complete political power.
In this government and economic system, nearly all political power and means of production are held by the government in the name of all the people.
An area surrounded by other land and with no direct outlet to the sea.
Urban Geography
The study of how people use space in Cities.
Political units touching the borders of the central city or touching others that touch the city.
Metropolitan Area
The area where the Cities and Suburbs link together economically.
The dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle.
Central Business District (C.B.D.)
The core of a city which is based on commercial activity.
Consists of the production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people.
Economic System
The way people produce and exchange goods and services.
Command Economy
Production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production.
Market Economy
Production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers.
Natural Resources
Materials on or in the earth and consist of three major types, renewable, non-renewable, and inexhaustible.
The basic support systems need to keep an economy going, such as power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems.
Per Capita Income
The average amount of money earned by each person in a political unit.
Gross Nation Product (G.N.P.)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a given period of time.
Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.)
The total value of all goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.
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