TEST 2 section 4 Flashcards

Separation of Powers
Terms Definitions
Six basic principal of government
Popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and valences, judicial review, federalism
Executive over judicial checks
Appoints supreme court justices, appoints other federal judges
Judicial branch checks
May declare acts unconstitutional
Executive branch over legislative checks
May veto legislation, may call special sessions of congress
Legislative offer judicial checks
May impeach federal judges, create lower courts
Legislative over executive branch
Override a veto, impeach a president, approve appointments of Jude's, approve treaties
Describe the judicial power as auxiliary precautions
James Madison
Concepts of limited government
Government poses not threat to individual liberty, excersices of government must be restrained, the division of powers is to prevent the abuse of powers
Amending the constitution
Proposed by: national convention(2/3 state vote) , congress (2/3 vote in both houses)
Amending the constitution
Ratified by 3/4 vote in: state legislatures, national conventions
Constitutional change - why would they change?
The passer if basic legislation by congress, actions taken by the president, key directions of the supreme court, the activities of political parties, custom and usage
Concurrent powers
Levy and collect taxes, borrow money, establish courts, define crimes and set punishments, set environmental and health standards, claim private property for public use, establish a police force, protect natural boundaries
New state admission process
Asks congress for permission, congress passes ad enabling act, passes in the proposed state by popular vote , congress passes an act if admission
Federal grants in aid
Schools and colleges, roads and canals, flood control work, support a militia, science and research
Informal amendments
Legislation, presidential actions, court decisions, political parties, customs
Federal governments done for states
Be republican, protect them. Admit states, grants and aids
Impeached presidents
Andrew Jackson, bill Clinton
Federal powers
Maintain an army and navy, declare war, coin money, regulate trade between states and countries, make treaties
State powers
Conduct elections, establish schools, regulate business within a state, establish local governments, regulate marriage and I
John marshall
Chief justice in 1803
William Marbury
Had been named justice for peace before Jefferson took office
James Madison
Refused to deliver William Marbury's commotion of office
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