3D ART Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
retrato
portrait
barroco
Baroque
estrecho
narrow
Moonlight
Munch
las máscaras
masks
la tinta
paint
Sophie Calle
surveillance
dibujar
to draw
la imagen
image
Balance
equilibrium of elements
transparency
Which is real?
slaps, smacks
los manotazos
arch
tension-pulls apart
compression-pushes back
when the 2 combine the arch is stable
mobile
A 3D, moving sculpture
16th-Century Italian Renaissance
Michelangelo, Dome of St. Peters basilica, c. 1546-64
primary colors
red, yellow, blue
name?
where?
what period?
dipylon?
amphora?
what kind of painting?
men and women recieved?
vacui?
prothesis?
ekphora?
Dipylon amphora

Athens
period
geometric period
Writing is re-introduced
Earliest greek literature (Illiad and the Odyssey, theogony, works+days by Hesion) works to be sung in public
Dipylon-(double gate) found outside of the tomb
This vase was a grave marker
Amphora-storage jar (two handles)
Men received kraters women received amphori
Very expensive
Decorated with paint
Maeander pattern
Around the belly of the vase depicts scenes of the burial rituals
Dead person laid out on a funeral beir with mourners arranged around
Every open space is filled up-horror vacui ( fear of empty space)
Prothesis-laying out of the body
Ekphora-carrying of the body out to the cemetary
Northern expansion
Robert Stacey
Barry Lord
Douglas Cole
The Blinding of Samson
Rembrandt 1636
Picasso
Girl Before a Mirror, Boisgeloup
Spain
Surrealism
1932
Polychrome
Several colours rather than one.
career that plans outdoor environments
landscape
Newman
"Vir Herocies Sublimis" used acrylic polymers, universal principles Color-Field Painting
symbol
something that stands for, or represents something else
Conventions
Rules governing the behavior of characters
Monet Fishermans Cottage
oil on canvas (Impressionism)
still life
A picture of inanimate objects.
John Everett Millais, John Ruskin, 1854
chromatic
pertaining to the presence of color
Impasto
Italian for "paste"; thick application of paint
Manet
The Bar at the Folies Bergeres (1881)
minimalsim
idea of removing anything except that is esstential appearl to sense of vision
iol
slow drying paint made by mixing pigments with oil
bisque
clay which has been fired once, without glaze
Nave
in basilicas and churches, the long, narrow central area used to house the congregation (pg. 273)
Content
meaning of artwork, something that is to be expressed through some medium, as speech, writing, or any of various arts:
Pointed arch/buttress
(gothic period) Allowed for taller thinner walls and more windows. Support at right angles to the outer walls.
design
to prepare the preliminary sketch or the plans for (a work to be executed), especially to plan the form and structure of.
neutrals
1. the inclusion of all color wavelengths will produce white, and the absence of any wavelengths will be perceived as black. with neutrals, no single color is noticed - only a sense of light and dark or the range from white through gray to black 2. a color altered by the addition of its complement so that the original sensation of hue is lost or grayed
shape
two dimensional form that occupies an area with identifiable boundaries.
naturalism
a style of represenational art that presents a close approximation of optical appearances
easel
a frame used to support an artist's canvas., an upright tripod for displaying something (usually an artist's canvas)
el caballete
lugar en que se pone el lienzo
conture drawing
using conture lines to represent a subject
Emphasis
Stressing a element to make a focal point
Principles of Design
Under Vera Bradley's Evenly Flowered Striped Purse, Sally Reclined.
Unity, Variety, Balance, Emphasis, Focal Point, Subordination, Proportion, Scale, Rythm
shade
variations in the dark and light of color made by adding black to the color
Ayax Telamonio
Fue un valeroso guerrero, el más fuerte después de su primo Aquiles
henri mattisse
which artist often used his sculpture to work out the poses of the figures in his fauve paintings?
realistic art
• realism-is the portrayal of people & things as they are seen by the eye or as
they are thought to be without idealization, without distortion.
• Realism- (with the Capital R) also defines a specific school of art that flowered
during the mid-nineteenth century in France; spread to many other regions.
Realism still continues today.
Mummification
Embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy.
This painting likely inspired a Wallace Stevens poem, and it is believed to have been painted over a portrait of a woman.
(The) Old Guitarist
Divine Monarch
The belief that the king is the embodiment or child of the gods. This idea was begun by the Sumerians and was adopted by the Egyptians. We also see divine monarchy in western African cultures, such as the Ife and Benin.
Firing
the process of heating the clay to a specific temperature in order to bring about a change in the clay (harden it). This process takes between 8-12 hours
enviromental art
it can be made from ready made material
Thomas Jefferson- University of VA
Colonial Style
Italian with humble materials
BRINGS PALLADIO TO U.S.
chiarscuro
use of light and dark to create effect of 3D surfaces
Amphora
An ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck used to hold water or wine.
Paper and Painting Surfaces
younger children need a bigger piece of paper to prevent messes
line
a mark mad by a pointed tool that has length and width and is created by the movement of a tool (it can suggest movement or emotion in art)
Monochromatic color scheme
A color scheme using tints and shades of one color.
rectangular portico with Corinthian colums and pediment
the entrance of the Pantheon consists of a __
Medieval Christian view of the soul vs. the body
Human form is sinful and imperfect.
what is the teachers responsibility when teaching a student with a disability
-teach all students, even if some may require extra work
-whenever possible, integrate students with disabilities in with their peers
Sarcophagus
coffin
original
oryginał
lineas
line
inspirar
to inspire
Futurism
emphasizes Motion
organic
curved lines
El paso
Step
Tint
adding white
Epsom Derby
Gericault
Browne, Firebird, 1950
vertical
up and down
esquisse
un dessin rapide
Kandinsky
Red Spot II (1921)
las bellas artes
fine arts
Transparent
Can see through, thin.
Clearing Winter Storm
(Ansel) Adams
kitsch
artwork, often mass-produced, that goes beyond good taste
Basket of Apples, France, Post-Impressionism, Cezanne
...
peter campus
Created prototype for Interface
buttress
architectual strucure that offers support
Parthenon
Athens, Greek Classical, 447-438 BC
form
describes an object in three dimensions, the "skin" or "package" it is in. (height,weight,depth)
readymade
Describes art created from the undisguised, but often modified, use of objects that are not normally considered art, often because they already have a non-art function
chiaroscuro
an italian word designating the contrast of dark and light in a painting, drawing, or print. ______ creates spatial depth and volumetric forms through gradations in the intensity of light and shadow
rhythm
the repetition of certain colors, lines, and shapes to create a flow or pattern within the artwork
Color
Visual sensation when light is reflected off of a surface and seen by the eye
number
Bigger the________ the blacker or harder the pencil
Texture
arrangements that affect the apperance or feel of the surface
Medium
the materials used to make art
canvas
a tightly stretched cloth surface on which to paint.
typography
the art and technique of composing printed material from letterforms
Romanesque Style
Features building of massive size, solid heavy walls, wide use of the rounded Roman arch many sculpture decorations.
Buildings were dark and somber inside <- small limited amount of windows
mood
feelings that it gives to the viewer
Grace Through Love 1865
Julia Margaret, Cameron, UK
clay
a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired
subtractive sculptures
sculptures created by removing excess material to reveal form
indication of movement by the repition of elements
rhythm
Sfumato
smoky, light and shade (mainly to describe Leonardo da Vinci)
triad
and 3 colors equal on color wheel
hierarchal proportion
Hierarchical proportion is a technique used in art, mostly in sculpture and painting, in which the artist uses unnatural proportion or scale to depict the relative importance of the figures in the artwork.
Charcoal
is the oldest of all drawing tools because cavemen used burnt sticks from their fires to draw on cave walls. It's easily blended to make soft edges and is easy to erase. It's not permanent so it has to be sprayed with a fixative in order to adhere to the paper.
Atmospheric perspective
illusion of depth created by changing color or detail
spectrum
the range of colors that are present in white light
barbara kruger - (your gaze hits the side of my face)
Pablo Picasso and Cubists
Major influences on Piet Mondrian
Size Variation
Smaller objects look farther away in the distance.
Shades
The term used to define darker values of color
placement
used with proportion to create a sense of depth in artwork
axis line
an imaginary line that is traced through an object or several objects in a picture
three- dimensional
having, or appearing ot have height width and depth
women & children A Boating Party intaglioThe Bath
Jean Chardin
contrapposto
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
canvas mat
a piece of fabric that prevents clay from sticking to the table
Early Christian art had a lot of use of
pattern
an imiplied line
lines which are indirect suchas edges where one shape ends and another begins
Complementary Color
colors that are across from each other on the color wheel.they are used to dull down a color,or lowering the intensity of a color.It was an excellent way to darken a color without using black.
Front elevation
The facade or principal elevation of a building
sabatteir print or solalization
a developed but orfixed print exposed to light and developed again to produce a reversal of tones
Charles Demuth, My Egypt
was inspired by poet William Carlos William -silo, in permanence of American landscapes like pyramids in egypt
Chérie Samba, Calvary, 1992
(Pg.59) Men with helmets and red crosses on their backs hitting a man on the floor that is straddled w/ blue pants on
Who is the greatest painter who ever lived?
Michelangelo Merisi Da Caravaggic
Andokides Painter, Achilles and Ajax Playing a Dice Game
men playing dice. Bilingual. AND (red & black) Archaic
what is the fourth stage of drying/completion of a clay object?
bisque-ware: what the clay is called after first firing in the kiln
glee
Joy
modern
moderno
complejo
complex
llamativo
showy, flashy
le dramaturge
playwright
interpretar
to interpret
Mont Sainte-Victoire
Cezanne
la galería
gallery
The Last Judgment
Michalengelo
Bird in Space
Brancusi
Matisse
Harmony in Red
France
Expressionism (Fauve)
1908
The Sower
Vincent van Gogh
Acrylic paint.
Thick permanent paint.
Protuberance
something that sticks out
Agama
written in parkrit
language of vedic
oldest Jain scripture
teachings of Mahavira
Canonized between 5 century and 13th centrury
45 important texts
Doryphorus statue
nude male model (athlete)
Lunette
In architecture, a semicircular (fan-shaped) opening (with the flat side down) in a wall or a door. The word comes from the French for half-moon. Also, "lunette" can refer to a semicircular painting set separately within a work's frame, as in the design of a fan.
nib
the point of a pen
depth
measurement from front to back
Create form by shading techniques (cube, sphere, any other form)
...
Assumption and Consecration of the Virgin
Titian
Rooftops 2002 Title
Rooftops of Cario Series
space
organizes elements in a composition, positive and negative space, distance and depth, the area around, above, below, between, or within any object.
printmaking
the artistic design and reproduction of prints created from a stamp
...
Eleusis Amphora with Odysseus Blinding Polyphemos , middle of the 7th c. B.C., Greek, Orientalizing.
diptych
Two panels of equal size (usually decorated with paintings of reliefs hinged together)
char-bgh
four square carved formal garden with divisions delineated by water channels
movement
how the eye goes thought the image
secondary colors
produced by mixing 2 primary colors
Triforiums
a band of arcades, frequently blind arcades, below the clerestory. Its insertion frequently results in a four story elevation
Perceive
to become deeply aware theough the senses of the special nature of a visual object
solvent
liquid that controls the thickness or thinness of the paint
artist
a person who creates works of art.
proportion
relative size of parts to a whole
Types of Pattern
Planned: grid and radial; random
interpritation
an explanation of the meaning of an artwork
Figure-ground relationship
In two-dimensional works of art, the visual unity, yet separability, of a form and
its background.
Neutral Colors
-colors not found on the color wheel
-shades and tints of gray
-black, white, grey, & sometimes brown
Prints
a print making process. a shape or mark made from a block or plate or other object that is covered with wet color (usually ink) and then pressed onto a flat surface, such as paper or textile.
negative space
The areas around the objects, shapes or forms
The Shamrock is the National Badge of which country?
IRELAND
Outline
lines that describe the outer edges of shapes and appear flat
applied arts
the design or decoration of functional objects to make them pleasing to the eye
What is used in perspective drawings and is where parallel lines will eventually meet?
A Vanishing Point
lines of force
lines that show the pathway of movement and add strong visual emphasis to a suggestion of motion.
color field / gestural
Two branches of Abstract Expressionism are:
Gradation
A very slow change from one value to another
complementary colors
the colors opposite each other on the color wheel
Bone Dry
When all the moisture is out of a piece of clay
Core of Shadow
One of the six categories of light. (4)
Artwork: Michelangelo, David, 1501-1504.
(Pg.49) Famous naked man statue from greek times
Pierre Simon Fournier le Jeune
the youngest son of a prominent family of printers and type founders. At age 24, he established an independent type design and foundry operation after studying art and apprenticing at the Le Be foundry.
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