American Government Magruder's Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Mikado
Japanese emperor
Confederation
an alliance of independent states
Major Parties
2 parties, democratic and republicans.
Bicameral
An adjective describing a legislative body composed of two chambers. p31
incumbent
the person currently holding the office
statutory
A law passed by the legislature.
p688
In a dictatorship, power is gained by
force
Confederal
A confederation is an alliance of independent states united to accomplish common goals while also retaining their separate identities. p15 (rare in the modern owrld. The European Union (EU) is the closest approach to one today with 25 member-nations.
Amendment 26
Voting Age Set to 18 Years
how many amendments
10,000 resolutions asking for amendments, 33 sent to States, 27 ratified as amendments in 219 years
single-interest group
political action committee (PAC) that concentrates its efforts exclusively on one issue.
Charter
a written grant of authority from the king.
Missouri Plan
A system for selecting judges that combines features of the appointive and elective methods. The governor selects judges from lists presented by panels of lawyers and laypersons, and at the end of their term, the judges may run against their own record in retention elections.
p712
Executive Power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
George Washington
1st President of the United States, planter, commander of the Continental Army, presided over the writing of the Constitution in 1787
Electoral College
The group of people (electors) chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years twho make a formal selection of the President and Vice President. p366
delegated powers
the National Government only has those powers delegated or granted to it in the Constitution. There are three kinds of delegated powers: Expressed, implied, inherent
senatorial courtesy
Another example of how Custom changes the Constitution - senatorial courtesy is an unwritten rule that the Senate will only approve the presidential appointees who are acceptable to the senator of the President's party from the State involved
peer group
the group of your friends, co-workers, classmates, neighbors
Presiding Officer
the person chosen by congress to be their chair person of president. (Not of the U.S.)
State
a body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically, power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
lawmaking process
• Bill is introduced in both House and Senate
• Committee action in both House and Senate
• Floor action (debated, then passed or defeated) in both House and Senate
• Conference Committee resolves differences between House and Senate bills
• House and Senate vote on final passage
• signed into law by President
p345
Who is the Oponent for the strict constitution?
Thomas Jefferson
party in power
the party who controls the executive branch (the President's party)
Form a more perfect union
link everyone together and become closer
unprotected speech
These are forms of speech that are not protected by the government. These include fighting words, obscenities and speech that may cause public danger. Any other speech that infringes on someone else's freedoms or safety is not protected by the govt. and can have adverse consequences. p546
Political Party
a group of o seek to persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public offices.
What does a committee member do?
They check/screen bills and oversight functions, and check if government are abiding to the rules.
The Social Contract Theory
the state arose out of a voluntary act of free people. The state exists only to serve the will of the people. They are the sole source of political power.
How does a Politico Act?
A politico act as a neutral, neither a Democrat or a Republican.
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